Japanese / Year 7 and 8 / Understanding / Systems of language

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Recognise and understand the relationship between the character-based scripts of hiragana, katakana and kanji

[Key concepts: script, kana, kanji, hiragana, katakana, furigana, stroke order, pictograph; Key processes: recognising, copying, applying, distinguishing]


  • understanding that the Japanese language uses three different scripts depending on word origins and on the context of language use
  • reading and writing all hiragana and katakana, including voiced, contracted and blended sounds, using the kana chart
  • using the kana chart as a systematic framework to support learning
  • recognising that Japanese can be written vertically or horizontally and has various typefaces in printed form
  • understanding the use of basic Japanese punctuation marks such as a まる (。) 、 てん (、) and katakana long vowel mark (), for example, in a student’s name such as サリー
  • applying the principles of stroke order to write all kana and high-frequency kanji such as ()きます、 月、 (おお)きい
  • knowing that kanji were brought from China and that hiragana was formed by simplifying the form of kanji, while katakana was formed using a part of kanji
  • understanding that each individual kanji represents meaning as well as sound, such as (‘sun’, ‘day’), and that some kanji come from pictographs, for example,
  • learning to write high-frequency kanji, such as numbers, days of the week, family members, and basic adjectives and verbs, applying the basic principles for stroke order, for example, (ちち)(はは)(ちい)さい、 ()ます、日本語(にほんご)
  • understanding the use of furigana as a tool to support reading
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Japanese language,  Kanji,  Katakana,  Kana

Refine by resource type

Refine by year level

Refine by learning area

Refine by topic

Related topic

Go Nihongo!

This resource is a series of videos with supporting activities for learners of Japanese across Stages 3-6.


Waking up in Japan

This resource embeds the use of online collaboration tools and 21st century learning skills to support students studying the 100-hour mandatory Stage 4 or 100/200 elective Stage 5 Japanese courses. Students work collaboratively to research a topic of cultural interest in Japan and make a presentation (digital and/or face-to-face) ...


Language Learning Space

This is a website to support teachers and students of Chinese, Indonesian and Japanese languages in Australian schools. The section for teachers includes professional learning modules, links to relevant networks and access to resources. It provides teachers with thirty curated learning challenges per language, and gives ...


Teaching about Chinese characters - Teacher idea

This Teacher idea describes how a teacher used the Character catalogue and associated learning objects to help his Chinese language learners understand how Chinese characters are constructed from basic components, including form, shape, structure, stroke order, sound and meaning.


Radical hunt: island hunt [Japanese]

Search an island for clues to find a rare bird. Find kanji hidden near the things they represent. Notice the kanji are compound kanji that share a common radical. Discover the related meanings of each set of kanji. Identify the general pattern that the meaning of a radical will contribute to the meaning of a compound kanji. ...


Kanji wheel of discovery 2

Solve word puzzles in a quiz show. Choose a key kanji such as 同, 学 or 明. Then spin the wheel to make new compound words using your key kanji. Use the meanings of the individual kanji to work out the meaning of each compound word and score points. Solve the meaning of enough compound words to win a prize. Review all the ...


Cracking the code: Chinese character catalogue

Explore the structure of more than 2000 Chinese characters via an interactive library. Browse subject categories to find out how character components are combined to form different characters. Investigate relationships of form, sound and meaning between characters which use the same component. For example, notice that the ...