Close message Scootle will stop supporting resources that use the Adobe Flash plug-in from 18 Dec 2020. Learning paths that include these resources will have alerts to notify teachers and students that one or more of the resources will be unavailable. Click here for more info.

Japanese / Year 9 and 10 / Understanding / Systems of language

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Understand the systematic nature of Japanese language and grammatical forms, and explore how to use/combine these elements to express complex ideas

[Key concepts: syntax, verb conjugation, cohesion, classifiers; Key processes: describing, identifying, classifying, applying]

 (ACLJAU032)

Elaborations
  • further developing metalanguage to describe and apply grammatical concepts and language elements, and to organise learning resources such as verb charts and lists of vocabulary and sentence structures
  • understanding and applying the rules of the plain form, and knowing that the basic form of all Japanese verbs ends in -u, -eru or -iru, as listed in dictionaries
  • understanding that verbs can be divided into three groups according to the way they are conjugated: Group 1 (five-step verbs), Group 2 (one-step verbs) and Group 3 (irregular verbs)
  • using character charts as a systematic framework that enables recognition of verb conjugation patterns, and applying the formation rules of each verb group
  • understanding and using a range of particles such as:
    • (or)
    • (purpose, indirect object, location)
    • (location of action, by means such as ペンで、 日本語で)
  • understanding and using and adjectives in the present and past tense
  • using verb stems with grammatical features such as ~たい、 ~ たくない、 ~ かった、 ~ やすい/にくいです
  • understanding and using verbforms to express a range of ideas, for example, ~ている、てもいいです、てはいけません、てはだめです
  • creating cohesion and flow by using conjunctions, for example, だから、 それで、 それに、 verbform, だから、 しかし、 それに、 けれども
  • expressing opinions, intentions and thoughts using the plain form, for example, ~つもりです、 ~とおもいます、 ~たり~たりします
  • asking and responding to questions using 何で? どうして/なぜ? どのぐらい? いくつ?
  • building vocabulary that relates to daily life and the world beyond school and home and that can be used for cross-curricular content learning
  • elaborating ideas or statements using expressions such as (こん)しゅう、 (せん)しゅう、 来年(らいねん)、 いつも、 ぜんぜん、 あまり
  • understanding Japanese counting systems using units of 10, 100, 1000 and 10,000 and associated kanji, for example, (ひゃく)(せん)(まん)
  • extending the use of counter classifiers to include ~円(えん)、 ~分、 ~まい、 ~本、 ~つ、 ~日 (date)
  • expressing superlative forms using 一番(いちばん) for example, 一番好きなかもくは日本語です。
  • expressing the location of items by using prepositions such as (みぎ)(ひだり)(まえ)(うし)ろ、 (うえ)(した)、 となり、 そば 
  • understanding and using plain or polite forms as appropriate to context, for example, understanding the concept of uchi-soto ((うち)/(そと)) for making appropriate choices of register
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Cohesion (Language),  Conjugation (Grammar),  Japanese language,  Noun classifiers

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Radical hunt: island hunt [Japanese]

Search an island for clues to find a rare bird. Find kanji hidden near the things they represent. Notice the kanji are compound kanji that share a common radical. Discover the related meanings of each set of kanji. Identify the general pattern that the meaning of a radical will contribute to the meaning of a compound kanji. ...

Interactive Resource

Language Learning Space

This is a website to support teachers and students of Chinese, Indonesian and Japanese languages in Australian schools. The section for teachers includes professional learning modules, links to relevant networks and access to resources. It provides teachers with thirty curated learning challenges per language, and gives ...

Interactive Resource

Go Nihongo!

This resource is a series of videos with supporting activities for learners of Japanese across Stages 3-6.

Interactive resource

Samurai castle: Shogun [Japanese]

Retrieve the precious treasures locked up in the Shogun's castle. Solve kanji puzzles to elude the Samurai, explore the castle grounds and find the three Keys that unlock the treasure room of the castle. Identify kanji with similar components to pass unseen through guarded checkpoints. Recognise components of kanji and ...

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Kanji wheel of discovery 2

Solve word puzzles in a quiz show. Choose a key kanji such as 同, 学 or 明. Then spin the wheel to make new compound words using your key kanji. Use the meanings of the individual kanji to work out the meaning of each compound word and score points. Solve the meaning of enough compound words to win a prize. Review all the ...

Interactive resource

Radical hunt: holiday hunt [Japanese]

Take part in a holiday competition on your way to Paradise island. Find kanji hidden at the airport and on the island to win a mystery prize. Notice the kanji are compound kanji that share a common radical. Discover the related meanings of each set of kanji. Identify the general pattern that the meaning of a radical will ...

Interactive resource

Samurai castle: Daimyo [Japanese]

Retrieve the precious treasures locked up in the Daimyo's castle. Solve kanji puzzles to elude the Samurai, explore the castle grounds and find the three Keys that unlock the treasure room of the castle. Identify kanji with similar components to pass unseen through guarded checkpoints. Recognise components of kanji and ...

Interactive Resource

Waking up in Japan

This resource embeds the use of online collaboration tools and 21st century learning skills to support students studying the 100-hour mandatory Stage 4 or 100/200 elective Stage 5 Japanese courses. Students work collaboratively to research a topic of cultural interest in Japan and make a presentation (digital and/or face-to-face) ...

Interactive resource

Zou ba! Events: ordering food and drink

Watch two friends eating at a restaurant after a concert. Investigate how to order amounts of food and drink. Find out how to use measure words when ordering food and drinks using units such as plate, bowl, bottle or cup. This learning object is one in a series of four objects.

Interactive resource

Vending machines: food and money [Windows version]

Ask three friends what they would like to eat. Identify those foods in a vending machine. Use coins to buy the items. This learning object is one in a series of six objects.

Interactive resource

Flip and match: matching kanji B

Pairs of Japanese characters that look alike are hidden behind cards. Flip the cards and pair up the characters that match exactly. Notice that when characters look alike, they often have related meanings. Find the subtle differences in strokes that form the different characters. Build your knowledge of simple characters ...

Interactive resource

Kanji wheel of discovery 1

Solve word puzzles in a quiz show. Choose a key kanji such as 火, 人 or 手. Then spin the wheel to make new compound words using your key kanji. Use the meanings of the individual kanji to work out the meaning of each compound word and score points. Solve the meaning of enough compound words to win a prize. Review all the ...

Interactive resource

Trailblazer: kyuukou [Japanese]

Solve nine kanji puzzles as you race through the city to win the set of nine codes and free your friends who have been captured by the enemy. Spot the connections between kanji, create new Japanese compound words, deduce the meaning of unknown compound words. For example, correctly identify the meaning of the Japanese compound ...

Interactive resource

Quirky comics: Hokenshitsu: level 2 [Japanese]

Read and listen to a story in Japanese about a student who tries to get help from a school nurse for her upset stomach. She is not alone! Find out how the nurse helps the students. Use the glossary tool if you are unsure of a word. Then try five activities to test your understanding of the vocabulary and sentence structures.

Interactive resource

Quirky comics: Yane no ue no uchuujin: level 1 [Japanese]

Follow a story in Japanese in which one person’s description of a strange apparition on a roof is misinterpreted by a listener as he tries to describe it to his brother. The story gets wilder and wilder. Can you work it out? Use the glossary tool if you are unsure of a word. Then try five activities to test your understanding ...

Interactive Resource

Verbi

This is a collection of Italian language resources focusing on the formation and use of regular verbs with the endings '-are', '-ire' and '-ere'; auxiliary verbs ('avere' and 'essere'); and other common irregular verbs in the present, gerund and present perfect tenses. It includes modal verbs, idiomatic expressions with ...

Interactive resource

Matching kanji

Explore sets of kanji that have similar appearance but contain subtle stroke differences, such as 日, 貝, 月 and 目. Pair up kanji that match exactly. Notice that when kanji look alike they sometimes have related meanings. Spot the subtle differences in strokes that form the different kanji. Build your knowledge of kanji by ...

Interactive resource

Movie mayhem: school trip

Edit a film about a school bus trip in Hiroshima. Follow the story of three children visiting the city sights over three days. Identify images needed to complete the film. Make sure the images match the script, and emotions shown suit the cultural setting. For example, choose a picture to match a description of two students ...

Interactive resource

Zou ba! Sports: tickets to a soccer match

Watch two friends arranging to see a soccer match, buying tickets and reviewing the game scores. Answer a series of questions. This learning object is one in a series of four objects.

Interactive resource

Match it: matching kanji A

Explore sets of kanji that have similar appearance but contain subtle stroke differences, such as 上 and 下. Pair up the kanji that match exactly. Notice that when kanji look alike, they sometimes have related meanings. Build your knowledge of kanji by checking their sound and meaning. Work your way through five groups of ...