Japanese / Year 3 and 4 / Understanding / Systems of language

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Curriculum content descriptions

Understand and identify elements of basic grammar and sentence structure and interaction patterns

[Key concepts: verb conjugation, particles, word order, vocabulary, counter; Key processes: describing, indicating, identifying, questioning]


  • developing metalanguage for communicating about language, using concepts such as parts of speech, for example, ‘noun’, ‘verb’ and ‘adjective’
  • understanding the rules of Japanese word order (subject + object + verb), the use of associated particles は、を、と、も、に, and the use of in formulaic expressions, for example, noun が すき です。
  • describing actions using verb ます form, for example, すし を たべます。
  • understanding the rules for conjugating verbs, such as ~ます、~>ましょう、~ました、~ません
  • understanding that Japanese uses name + suffix instead of pronouns when referring to other people, for example, Johnくん、はなさん、Grant せんせい
  • indicating time and frequency using expressions such as まいにち、ときどき
  • describing people, animals, places and things using adjective–noun phrases, for example, 大きい 目、おいしい もも
  • understanding time words associated with days of the week, months of the year and seasons
  • building vocabulary that relates to familiar environments in daily life and personal worlds and that can be used for cross-curricular content learning
  • beginning to use counters in Japanese, for example, ~人、~さい、~月
  • telling time using ~じ/ ~じはん です。なんじ です か。
  • seeking information using question words such as なに、なん、いつ、どこ and だれ and the sentence-ending particle , for example, なに が すき です  か。なんさい です  か。なんにん です  か。いつ です か。
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Vocabularies,  Conjugation (Grammar),  Word order,  Grammatical particles,  Japanese language

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