Japanese / Year 3 and 4 / Understanding / Language variation and change

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Understand that language varies according to the age and relationship of those using it, and according to the situation in which it is being used

[Key concepts: register, context, variation; Key processes: observing, recognising, reflecting]


  • observing that Japanese expressions can be made more or less formal with very slight changes, for example, おはよう and おはようございます、はし and おはし、なまえ and おなまえ、to suit the relationship between speakers
  • noticing differences in the ways in which both Japanese and English speakers communicate with different people, for example, with young children, with unfamiliar adults or with elderly people
  • reflecting on how they communicate with their own family and friends and with people less close to them, noticing differences in language use and communicative behaviour
  • recognising that familial terms such as おじいさん and おばあさん are often used in place of ‘old man’ or ‘old woman’ in both folk tales and daily conversation, and considering why this might be so
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
ScOT terms

Register (Language),  Japanese language

Refine by resource type

Refine by year level

Refine by learning area

Refine by topic

Related topic

Radical hunt: island hunt [Japanese]

Search an island for clues to find a rare bird. Find kanji hidden near the things they represent. Notice the kanji are compound kanji that share a common radical. Discover the related meanings of each set of kanji. Identify the general pattern that the meaning of a radical will contribute to the meaning of a compound kanji. ...


Kanji wheel of discovery 2

Solve word puzzles in a quiz show. Choose a key kanji such as 同, 学 or 明. Then spin the wheel to make new compound words using your key kanji. Use the meanings of the individual kanji to work out the meaning of each compound word and score points. Solve the meaning of enough compound words to win a prize. Review all the ...


Language Learning Space

This is a website to support teachers and students of Chinese, Indonesian and Japanese languages in Australian schools. The section for teachers includes professional learning modules, links to relevant networks and access to resources. It provides teachers with thirty curated learning challenges per language, and gives ...