Japanese / Year 7 and 8 / Understanding / Systems of language

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Understand how to control elements of the Japanese grammatical system to express a range of ideas and experiences in written and spoken forms, and recognise the systematic nature of verb conjugation

[Key concepts: metalanguage, verb conjugation, sentence structure, register; Key processes: describing, categorising, analysing]


  • further developing metalanguage to describe and increase control of grammatical concepts and language elements, such as noun modifiers or speech styles
  • creating learning resources such as verb and adjective charts and lists of vocabulary and sentence structures
  • understanding the different functions of a range of particles, such as:
    • (topic marker)
    • (object marker)
    • (time, date, place, destination, for)
    • (and, with)
    • (location, action, means)
    • (direction, destination)
    • ~から ~まで (from,as far as, distances)
  • describing daily routines and schedules for a week, using a range of particles to form sentences, for example, 六時(ろくじ)に うちで (あに)と ごはんを ()べます。
  • using and adjectives in the present tense, for example, おいしい、たのしい、しずかな、 and negative forms, for example, (たか)くない
  • using adverbs as formulaic expressions, for example, (はや)く、おそく
  • understanding that the exact word order of noun phrases is not important as long as they appear before the verb and are accompanied by correct particles
  • understanding the role of sentence-ending particles in conversation, such as for confirming or expecting a response and for emphasis
  • using both affirmative and negative forms of particular grammatical elements in different tenses
  • creating cohesion and flow by using conjunctions, for example, だから、それで、それに
  • understanding how to indicate politeness using and prefixes, for example, ()(まえ)、先生の ごかぞく
  • using counter classifiers: ~時、~分、~つ、~まい、~本
  • using superlatives, for example, 一ばん 好きです
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Sentences (Grammar),  Conjugation (Grammar),  Japanese language

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