Japanese / Year 7 and 8 / Understanding / Language variation and change

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Curriculum content descriptions

Explain variations in Japanese language use that reflect different levels of formality, authority and status

[Key concepts: register, tenor, respect; Key processes: differentiating, explaining, comparing]


  • explaining variation in language use between people of different ages and relationships, for example, (はは), お(かあ)さん and ~先生, ~さん; avoiding あなた when showing politeness; the frequent use of わたし to avoid foregrounding oneself; using ~くん or ~さんwhen speaking with close friends, family members or other young people; and using surnames ~さん or ~先生 for adults
  • understanding that Japanese expressions can be made more or less formal with very slight changes, for example, the presence or absence of formal endings, such as the difference between 先生、ありがとう。 先生、ありがとうございました。 and おやすみ。おやすみなさい 。
  • analysing language used to express different levels of formality in a variety of texts such as conversations, letters, emails and text messages, noting differences between written and spoken texts
  • finding examples of informal forms of language used by young Japanese speakers, such as the use of abbreviations or emoticons when texting and the use of loan words when talking about popular culture, for example, ‘J-rock’, ‘J-pop’, ‘fast food’
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
  • ICT capability Information and Communication Technology (ICT) capability
ScOT terms

Register (Language),  Language usage,  Japanese language

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