Modern Greek / Year 3 and 4 / Understanding / Systems of language

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Curriculum content descriptions

Experiment with the pronunciation and writing of the alphabet letters, recognising sound–letter relationships, letter clusters and vowel–consonant combinations, using the accent mark to aid pronunciation

[Key concept: sound and writing system; Key processes: identifying, recognising, repeating]


  • identifying and pronouncing the sounds of the Greek alphabet as well as the most common digraphs and letter blends, for example, ου, αι, ει, οι (double vowels), μπ, ντ, γγ, γκ, τσ, τζ (double consonants), αυ, ευ (vowel combinations)
  • practising letter clusters,for example, στρ, μπρ, in common words or in names, Στράτος, μπράτσο
  • beginning to recognise high-frequency words such as η, ο, το, μου, έχω, είμαι, είναι, θέλω, να
  • comparing markings on words in different languages, for example, αλάτι (Greek), français, (French), váza (Czech), Grüße (German), niña (Spanish) and observing that the markings have different purposes
  • using the accent mark appropriately in Greek when writing, for pronunciation as well as meaning
  • applying appropriate punctuation marks such as full stop, comma (in lists), exclamation mark and question mark
  • using different strategies to remember new sounds, for example, mnemonics
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Greek language

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