Turkish / Foundation to Year 2 / Understanding / Systems of language

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Curriculum content descriptions

Recognise parts of speech and frequently used words in familiar contexts and understand the basic rules of word order in simple sentences

[Key concepts: sentences, grammar, patterns; Key processes: recognising, naming, applying]


  • recognising the basic word order, subject–object–verb, and applying it in simple statements, imperatives and questions, for example, Ali gel. Ali okula gel. Ali okula geldi. Ali okula geldi mi?
  • describing colour (mavi), size (büyük/küçük) and shape (üçgen), and recognising that adjectives come before nouns
  • describing quantity, using cardinal numbers such as bir-yüz and ordinal numbers such as birinci, ikinci
  • using the ending -ler/-lar to express plurality, mainly with countable nouns, such as çocuklar, ördekler
  • recognising question words and anticipating likely answers, for example, Kim? Ne? Nerede? Nereye? Kimle? Ne kadar? Ne zaman? Nasıl? Hangisi?
  • expressing affirmative and negative responses, such as evet, hayır, değil, doğru, yanlış
  • learning how to use simple suffixes and subject and possessive pronouns, for example, ben/benim, sen/senin, o/onun and evim/evimiz, evin/eviniz, evi/evleri
  • building vocabulary related to familiar environments, such as anne, kitap, kedi, and using cognates, such as ev, okul, aile, hayvanlar
  • using prepositions to specify locations, for example, üstünde, altında, yanında, arkasında, önünde, arasında, sağında, solunda
  • describing actions using imperatives and simple verbs, such as otur, kalk, elini kaldır, koş, yürü, gel, git, oku, yaz
  • linking ideas using simple conjunctions, for example, ve, ile, ama
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
ScOT terms

Turkish language

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