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Turkish / Year 3 and 4 / Understanding / Systems of language

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Understand and use key grammatical forms and structures, such as simple verb tenses, recognising how grammatical forms and functions are represented through suffixation

[Key concepts: action, description, time; Key processes: recognising, selecting, applying]


  • describing quantity using cardinal numbers, yüz, iki yüz, üç yüz, bin, and ordinal numbers using the -inci suffix and its variations, birinci, ikinci, üçüncü
  • understanding the function of verb moods, for example, by recognising and using questions to seek information, such as Olay ne? Nerede geçti? Neler oldu? Neden oldu? Ne zaman oldu? Kahramanlar kimdi? and imperative forms such as başla! Başlayabilirsin, Kalk! Kalkabilirsin! Çabuk gel!
  • using a range of verbs, adjectives and adverbs to describe and elaborate on action, time, places and people, for example, mavi köşkte, Kısa saçlı biriydi, Çok dikkatli yürü and Dün sabah geldi
  • using a range of simple conjunctions to link basic ideas and action, for example, -den önce, -den sonra, ile/-(y)le, ama, çünkü
  • using simple and compound sentences
  • using comparatives and superlatives such as en and daha plus çok/az in order to talk about likes, dislikes and interests
  • understanding and using -(i)r, -(u)r, -(a)r simple present tense suffixes to express habitual actions and facts, for example, Güneş doğudan doğar, batıdan batar and Dişlerimi fırçalarım, Erken yatarım, Erken kalkarım
  • recognising and using simple verb tenses with negation and affirmation suffixes to form sentences such as biliyorum/bilmiyorum, okur/okumaz, uyudu/uyumadı, geleceğim/gelmeyeceğim, gitmiş/gitmemiş
  • understanding and using common interrogative pronouns such as kim, hangi, ne, neden, kaç, Bu akşam bize saat kaçta geliyor? Doğum günü davetiyesini kim yazacak?
  • identifying exclamations and exploring the range of emotions they express and the contexts in which they are used, for example, Eyvah! Ya! Öf be!
  • understanding and using the simple past tense suffix -d(i), for example, Annem çarşıdan ekmek aldı
  • understanding and using prepositions to indicate direction, for example, ileride, ortasında, üzerinde, köşesinde, aşağıda, yukarıda, doğu, batı, kuzey, güney
  • developing metalanguage for talking about language, using terms such as isimler, fiiller, sıfatlar, zarflar, ekler- ismin halleri, zamirler
  • using honorifics, such as Yaşar Amca, Ayşe Teyze
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
ScOT terms

Turkish language

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