Vietnamese / Year 3 and 4 / Understanding / Language variation and change

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Curriculum content descriptions

Explore how language use varies according to the age, gender and relationship of participants and the context

[Key concept: variation; Key processes: identifying, understanding]


  • identifying how language choices reflect politeness and respect, for example, Vietnamese children greet their grandparents by saying Cháu chào ông bà ạ, not Tôi chào ông bà
  • observing different ways of showing politeness in different contexts and between different participants, for example, requesting (làm ơn, cảm phiền), thanking (chân thành cảm ơn, thành thật cảm ơn, cảm ơn nhiều), bending when passing people, folding arms and/or nodding while greeting people
  • making adjustments to language use when interacting with family and friends, for example, using personal pronouns that relate to a person’s position in the family or to family relationships (chị/cô/bà, anh/ông, anh Hai, chị Ba, cô Tư …)
  • exploring the diversity of Vietnamese nouns, pronouns and adjectives that are used to express gender and age, for example, anh/chị, đàn ông/đàn bà, con gái/con trai, gà trống/gà mái, chó đực/chó cái, heo con, bê
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

Vietnamese language

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