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Mathematics / Foundation / Measurement and Geometry / Shape

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Sort, describe and name familiar two-dimensional shapes and three-dimensional objects in the environment (ACMMG009)

Elaborations
  • sorting and describing squares, circles, triangles, rectangles, spheres and cubes
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Shapes (Geometry),  Solids (Geometry)

Interactive

Shapes All Around Me

Identify shapes that surround you every day. Look at the bedroom and the playground. What shapes can you see?

Video

STOP! Thats an octagon

Meet Jack Black as he describes an octagon. Pity he left his octagon at home. Luckily, Elmo comes to the rescue with an example of an octagon. See how many sides and angles an octagon has.

Video

Buttons and shapes

Have you ever looked at the buttons on your clothes? What shapes are they? You will find that most buttons are circles, but sometimes they can come in really different and interesting shapes, sizes and colours! What are some of the button shapes and colours mentioned in this video?

Interactive

Shape overlays: picture studio

Position two simple shapes to form an overlap, then cut out that new shape. For example, lay a rectangle over a circle to make a semicircle. Make several shapes. Rotate the shapes and move them around to make pictures. Build a new picture or match an existing picture such as a fish or a truck.

Video

Shapes glorious shapes

Did you know that not all pyramids have a square base? Investigate the bases and faces of some pyramids. Travel around the world as we view some famous structures. First stop, we're in search of a building that is a rectangular prism. Find out which world famous building is a pentagonal prism. See what type of 3 dimensional ...

Online

Primary mathematics: open-ended tasks

These seven learning activities, which focus on 'open-ended tasks' using a variety of tools (software) and devices (hardware), illustrate the ways in which content, pedagogy and technology can be successfully and effectively integrated in order to promote learning. In the activities, teachers use investigations in order ...

Interactive

Photo hunt: level 4

Explore visual perspectives of solids such as cylinders, spheres, cones and cuboids. Match a 2D photo of a group of 3D objects taken from a different viewpoint. Identify the relative positions of the solids by comparing 2D outlines and colours. Rotate the scene until the view matches the original photo. The solids in the ...

Interactive

Face painter: finding faces 1

Identify polygons on a range of prisms and polyhedra such as a cube, square pyramid or triangular prism. Picture in your head all sides of a solid. Estimate how many faces the object has. Rotate it to see all of its faces. Paint each face of a given shape such as a triangle or rectangle.

Video

Working out the areas

Do you know how to work out the area of a square, a rectangle or a triangle? Learn the simple maths formulas needed from this video. What would be the area of a rectangle with a height of 5cm and a length of 3cm?

Video

What is a fractal?

Do you know what a fractal is? Basically, fractals are never-ending patterns created by repeated mathematical equations. In this clip, Yuliya, a student at MIT (in the USA) describes the properties of fractals and shows you where they can be found in technology and nature. Have a good look at the world around you and see ...

Online

3D Shape Geometry

This lesson plan for teachers explores the characteristics of 3D prisms as an introduction for students to plan and create their own 3D prisms using a 3D printer. The lesson steps the class through the process by first exploring the characteristics of common 3D shapes including symmetry, before designing a 3D shape on ...

Video

Exploring mysterious shapes

Join QuanQuan and Jenny as they explore some weird and wonderful shapes! While watching this clip, think about the sides, edges, surfaces and volumes of the shapes that are demonstrated. How are these shapes different from regular 2D and 3D forms?

Video

Daredevil geometry

What does a daredevil jumps rider need to know about geometry? Find out as we discover angles for take off and for landing. But before we do that sit down for some angles basics! A good place to start is angles of turn through a circle from a 1/4, 1/2, 3/4, all the way to one full turn. See how many each represents as an angle.

Video

How do prisms create rainbows?

Zoom inside a glass prism and see why glass makes light bend, and how the glass molecules make different colours of light bend different amounts.

Video

Types of triangles

What is the difference between equilateral, isosceles and scalene triangles? See if you can find and classify triangles based on the definitions given in this maths video.

Video

2D and 3D shapes

Watch this video to learn about the features of 2D shapes. How is it different from the features of 3D shapes (solids)? Some examples of solids that incorporate 2D shapes are mentioned in this video by Sanchit - for example, a cube has six square faces. What other 3D shapes could you make that has at least one square face?

Interactive

Area explorer

This is an interactive resource about calculating the area of a shape presented on a grid. Students are presented with a random figure and are required to calculate its area, in square units. Immediate feedback is provided and the student can make repeated attempts if a question is not answered correctly. The additional ...

Text

The Third Dimension

This resource is a web page containing a drawing task to explore help visualise 3-D objects. Draw an arrangement of cubes on isometric paper which gives us a way of drawing 3D objects more easily. A link to downloadable isometric paper is also provided. This resource is an activity from the NRICH website.

Online

reSolve: Gradient and Tangent

This sequence of two lessons investigates gradient and angle by applying the tangent ratio to find the angles represented by a road sign or the angle of a street. In the first lesson, students research what a road grade is and determine the actual angle of a road given its grade. They then construct their own road sign ...

Online

reSolve: Polygon Pieces

This lesson explores the geometry of cutting polygons in different ways and using algebra to express subsequent findings. Students use one straight cut to divide a convex polygon into two new polygons. They make generalisations about the total number of sides of the two new polygons, and about the number of different combinations ...