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Mathematics / Year 7 / Measurement and Geometry / Location and transformation

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Describe translations, reflections in an axis and rotations of multiples of 90° on the Cartesian plane using coordinates. Identify line and rotational symmetries (ACMMG181)

  • describing patterns and investigating different ways to produce the same transformation such as using two successive reflections to provide the same result as a translation
  • experimenting with, creating and re-creating patterns using combinations of reflections and rotations using digital technologies
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Transformation (Geometry),  Cartesian planes


Syllabus bites – speedy sliding

This is the first in a series of Syllabus bites related to transformations on the Cartesian plane aimed at Stage 4 Mathematics. Students find the coordinates of image points after translation. In doing so, they develop fluency in using coordinates and familiarity with the Cartesian plane, providing a basis for the investigations ...


Kite symmetry

Unfurl the secret of symmetry used in kites to make them fly! A kite in geometry looks a lot like a kite in the sky. We see that a kite is a special quadrilateral in which one of its two diagonals (long and short) is also its axis of symmetry, and if you fold the kite along that diagonal, the two halves will match up exactly ...


Secondary mathematics: different representations

These seven learning activities, which focus on 'representations' using a variety of tools (software) and devices (hardware), illustrate the ways in which content, pedagogy and technology can be successfully and effectively integrated in order to promote learning. In the activities, teachers use different representations ...


Syllabus bites – flipping and sliding

This is the third in a series of Syllabus bites related to transformations on the Cartesian plane. Students further their understanding of translation and reflection and explore relationships between these two transformations.


Transformations of the plane

This is a website designed for both teachers and students that introduces some transformations of the plane using coordinates in the Cartesian plane. In particular, transformations, translations, reflections in an axis and rotations of multiples of 90 degrees are discussed. Coordinates are used to describe these transformations. ...


Syllabus bites – mixing it up

The fifth in a series of Syllabus bites related to transformations on the Cartesian plane. This bite covers combinations (composition) of transformations.


Syllabus bites – turbo turning

The fourth in a series of Syllabus bites related to transformations on the Cartesian plane. This Bite covers rotation of points.


Syllabus bites – frenzied flipping

This is the second in a series of Syllabus bites related to transformations on the Cartesian plane. This Bite covers reflection of points.


Rotational Transformations

An animated tutorial, describing the process of drawing the resulting image after rotation of a triangle, followed by an interactive quiz.


Face painter: finding faces 1

Identify polygons on a range of prisms and polyhedra such as a cube, square pyramid or triangular prism. Picture in your head all sides of a solid. Estimate how many faces the object has. Rotate it to see all of its faces. Paint each face of a given shape such as a triangle or rectangle.


Simple coordinates game

This is an interactive resource about plotting and identifying points on the Cartesian plane. The resource can be used in one of two modes. In the View mode, the student can enter the coordinates, and the corresponding point is identified on the coordinate plane when the 'Plot' button is selected. In the Guess mode, the ...


Shape overlays: picture studio

Position two simple shapes to form an overlap, then cut out that new shape. For example, lay a rectangle over a circle to make a semicircle. Make several shapes. Rotate the shapes and move them around to make pictures. Build a new picture or match an existing picture such as a fish or a truck.


Photo hunt: level 4

Explore visual perspectives of solids such as cylinders, spheres, cones and cuboids. Match a 2D photo of a group of 3D objects taken from a different viewpoint. Identify the relative positions of the solids by comparing 2D outlines and colours. Rotate the scene until the view matches the original photo. The solids in the ...


'Fishing for upokororo', 1922

This is a black-and-white photograph of two Mäori men at work with two hïnaki (fish traps) capturing upokororo (grayling, 'Prototroctes oxyrhynchus') on the Waipu River on the east coast of the North Island in 1922. The photograph shows a low dam that has been built across the stream to divert its flow and direct the fish ...


reSolve: Tree Biomass

In this sequence of two lessons, students investigate how many trees would be required to supply paper for their school for a year. Students use similar triangles, Pythagoras' Theorem and algebra to design and construct a Biltmore stick, used to measure the diameter and height of a tree. They measure trees, calculate their ...


reSolve: Mechanical Linkages: Similar Triangles

This sequence of lessons explores the geometry of similar triangles using two real world objects: ironing boards and pantographs. In the first lesson, students investigate different ironing board leg lengths and pivot positions using similar and congruent triangles. In the second lesson, they use their knowledge of parallelogram ...


reSolve: Bifold Boxes

This lesson challenges students to use proportional reasoning to explain how changing the size of a square will affect the size of a box folded from that square. Students fold an origami box from a square of paper and record the dimensions of the resulting box. They then fold a box from a square of paper four times the ...


reSolve: Authentic Problems: Expanded Square

This sequence of four lessons explores concepts around informal area and symmetry. Students design an 'expanded square' where approximately half the area of the original square is flipped to the outside. The lessons provide opportunities for students to devise and use methods to informally measure area, record their mathematical ...


Rotations of two-dimensional objects

This is a four-page HTML resource about solving problems concerning quarter turns of two-dimensional objects. It contains four questions, one of which is interactive, and one video. The resource discusses and explains quarter turns to reinforce students' understanding.


reSolve: Transformations - Frieze patterns

This sequence of three lessons explores transformation and symmetry by engaging students in the design of friezes. Students are introduced to simple friezes, how reflections, rotations and translations are combined to create design elements, explore real frieze examples from furnishings in Parliament House and tyres, then ...