Mathematics / Year 8 / Measurement and Geometry / Using units of measurement

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Find perimeters and areas of parallelograms, trapeziums, rhombuses and kites (ACMMG196)

  • establishing and using formulas for areas such as trapeziums, rhombuses and kites
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Area,  Quadrilaterals,  Perimeter


Renovate, Calculate!

A student resource that explores the use of mathematics in the trades. Highly interactive investigations into ratio, areas of special quadrilaterals and right-angled trigonometry.


The Mathematical Toolkit

A 2D Shapes tool that can be used to create geometric objects such as quadrilaterals, circles, triangles, lines, arcs, rays, segments and vectors on a coordinate grid. Plot and label the vertices to reveal the internal angles, side lengths, area and perimeter, then manipulate the shapes on a grid to transform their shape ...


TIMES Module 11: Measurement and Geometry: area, volume and surface area - teacher guide

This is a 15-page guide for teachers containing explanations of the derivation of formulas for the areas of parallelograms, trapeziums, rhombuses and kites. Formulas for the volumes and surface areas of prisms and cylinders are obtained. Applications of these formulas are given. A history of the development of these concepts ...


Area of a parallelogram

This is a Geogebra activity used to teach the area of a parallelogram. Suitable for use with an interactive whiteboard (IWB).


Maths inside bees and beehives

Bees are necessary for assisting many plants to produce the food we eat, including meat and milk. Colony collapse disorder, which describes the disappearance of beehives, could have catastrophic effects on food production. Australian scientists are applying their maths and science knowledge to build up a picture of a healthy ...


Calculating area: locust plagues

How many locusts in a plague? Find out just how big the threat of locusts can be and how farmers try to prevent the plagues from getting out of control. This clip provides context for a combination of area, area units and rate problems.


reSolve: Polygon Pieces

This lesson explores the geometry of cutting polygons in different ways and using algebra to express subsequent findings. Students use one straight cut to divide a convex polygon into two new polygons. They make generalisations about the total number of sides of the two new polygons, and about the number of different combinations ...


Secondary mathematics: using real data

These seven learning activities, which focus on the use of 'real data' using a variety of tools (software) and devices (hardware), illustrate the ways in which content, pedagogy and technology can be successfully and effectively integrated in order to promote learning. In the activities, teachers use the three content strands ...


reSolve: Area of a circle

This lesson explores the formula for calculating the area of a circle. Students estimate the area of a circle using inscribed and circumscribed squares, and investigate proofs of the area formula. Each lesson is outlined in detail including curriculum links, vocabulary, materials needed, sample answers, supporting PowerPoint ...


TIMES Module 13: Measurement and Geometry: construction - teacher guide

This is a 30-page guide for teachers that explains the central role of construction and presents examples of constructions.


Geometric reasoning - congruence

This is a website designed for both teachers and students that introduces congruence of shapes in the plane through transformations. In particular, transformations, translations, reflections in an axis and rotations of multiples of 90 degrees are used to define congruence and to identify congruent shapes. The four congruence ...


Numeracy wrap: Parallelogram peculiarities

Interactive activities that guide students to investigate properties of parallelograms.


TIMES Module 10: Measurement and Geometry: introduction to measurement - teacher guide

This is a 16-page guide for teachers. It provides an introduction to the initial ideas of measurement, and introduces the measurement of length, area, volume and time.


Surface area and volume

This is an interactive resource about investigating the surface areas and volumes of rectangular and triangular prisms. The resource can be used in one of two modes. In the Explore mode, the student can vary the height, width and depth of the prism, and the surface area and volume are calculated automatically. In the Compute ...


TIMES Module 20: Measurement and Geometry: parallelograms and rectangles - teacher guide

This is a 17-page guide for teachers. It contains the definitions, properties and tests for parallelograms and rectangles. Proofs of the properties and tests are given. Constructions for parallelograms and rectangles are given.


Mapping farmland: using area and trigonometry

In northern Queensland's Gulf region, some farmers use GPS mapping to help manage their extensive properties. Use this clip as a context for applying your understanding of area, in particular your understanding of conversion between square kilometres and hectares. Apply trigonometry and Pythagoras' theorem.



This is a website designed for both teachers and students that refers to the properties of circles including the circumference and area from the Australian Curriculum for year 8 students. It contains material on finding circumferences and areas of circles, and the areas and perimeters of shapes formed from circles and other ...


Area of a triangle

This is a Geogebra activity used to teach the area of a triangle. Suitable for use with an interactive whiteboard (IWB).


reSolve: Mechanical Linkages: Quadrilaterals

This series of six lessons explores geometry using real world contexts focussed on the dynamics of linkages and moving joints of everyday tools and objects. Students use physical models and computer simulations, the lessons move from a view of geometry as a study static diagrams to encompass movement. Each lesson is outlined ...