Mathematics / Year 10 / Measurement and Geometry / Geometric reasoning

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Formulate proofs involving congruent triangles and angle properties (ACMMG243)

Elaborations
  • applying an understanding of relationships to deduce properties of geometric figures (for example the base angles of an isosceles triangle are equal)
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Angles,  Congruence (Geometry),  Triangles (Shapes),  Mathematical proofs

Interactive resource

Trigonometry: measuring with triangles

Compare the shadows cast by a small stick and a larger object such as a column of a Greek building. Check the angles at which the shadows are cast and confirm whether the two objects create similar triangles. Use equivalent ratios to calculate the lengths of a triangle's sides: the height of an object or the length of a ...

Interactive Resource

The geometer's warehouse

This web-based, multimedia resource focuses on the geometry of the Stage 4 and Stage 5 Mathematics syllabus. It comprises 70 dynamic html worksheets, each exploring a different outcome in Stage 4 and Stage 5 geometry.

Interactive resource

Trigonometry: finding angles

Look at an explanation of the trigonometric ratios: sine, cosine and tangent. Adjust the angles of a right-angled triangle within a unit circle (radius of one unit). Set the cosine, sine and tangent values of angles from 0–90 degrees. Identify the angle for each of the values. This learning object is one in a series of ...

Teacher resource

Top drawer teachers: reasoning

This is a web page that comprehensively covers the teaching of the ‘Reasoning’ proficiency and its integration into the mathematics curriculum through links to five sections. The first section covers the ‘Big ideas’ behind reasoning and shows how reasoning can be developed in even very young students. The second section ...

Teacher resource

reSolve: Mechanical Linkages: Geometry Proofs

This series of six lessons explores geometry proofs using real world contexts focused on the dynamics of linkages and moving joints. Students use physical models and computer simulations, the lessons move from a view of geometry as a study to static diagrams to encompass movement. Each lesson is outlined in detail including ...

Interactive Resource

Numeracy wrap: It's what's inside that counts

interactive activities that guide students to explore the interior and exterior angle sums of polygons.

Teacher resource

TIMES Module 22: Measurement and Geometry: scale drawings and similarity - teacher guide

This is a 41-page guide for teachers. It contains an introduction to scale drawings and similarity, and in particular the tests for triangles to be considered similar. Applications of similarity are included throughout the module.

Interactive resource

Congruent triangles

Find out about congruent and non-congruent triangles and the conditions required to make them. Use line segments and angles to build two congruent triangles for three different combinations of sides and angles. Explore the SSS case (side, side, side), the SAS case (two sides and the included angle) and the ASA case (two ...

Interactive Resource

Renovate, Calculate!

A student resource that explores the use of mathematics in the trades. Highly interactive investigations into ratio, areas of special quadrilaterals and right-angled trigonometry.

Interactive resource

Exploring trigonometry

Label the three sides of a right-angled triangle as hypotenuse, adjacent and opposite sides. Identify which sides form a trigonometric ratio such as cosine or tangent. Watch a video showing how trigonometry is used to help planes land safely.

Moving Image

Mapping farmland: using area and trigonometry

In northern Queensland's Gulf region, some farmers use GPS mapping to help manage their extensive properties. Use this clip as a context for applying your understanding of area, in particular your understanding of conversion between square kilometres and hectares. Apply trigonometry and Pythagoras' theorem.

Interactive resource

Trigonometry: cosine

Look at an explanation of the trigonometric ratios: sine, cosine and tangent. Adjust the angles of a right angle triangle within a unit circle (radius of one unit). Identify the cosine ratio and enter the cosine values of angles from 0–90 degrees into a table. Answer questions about the cosine values. This learning object ...

Interactive Resource

Numeracy wrap: Race across transversals

Interactive activities that guide students to explore angles in parallel lines.

Interactive resource

Trigonometry: sine

Look at an explanation of the trigonometric ratios: sine, cosine and tangent. Adjust the angles of a right-angled triangle within a unit circle (radius of one unit). Find corresponding sides in similar triangles and find relationships between ratios. Identify the sine ratio and enter the sine values of angles from 0–90 ...

Teacher resource

What is trigonometry and where would you use it?

Use these tasks and resources to provide opportunities for students to apply understandings about trigonometry. Students investigate the relationship between sine and cosine as the angle value changes from 0 to 90 degrees in a right-angled triangle.

Interactive Resource

Trigonometric Ratios

An animated introduction to the basic trigonometric ratios.

Interactive resource

Trigonometry: tangent

Look at an explanation of the trigonometric ratios: sine, cosine and tangent. Adjust the angles of a right-angled triangle within a unit circle (radius of one unit). Identify the tangent ratio and enter the tangent values of angles from 0–90 degrees into a table. Answer questions about the tangent values. This learning ...

Interactive resource

Trigonometry: using sine

Solve measurement problems involving right-angled triangles by using similar triangles and trigonometric methods, including sine values. Identify corresponding sides and ratio relationships in similar triangles. Solve measurement problems by using sine values to calculate side lengths in triangles. For example, find the ...

Interactive resource

Trigonometry: using tangent

Solve measurement problems involving right-angled triangles by using similar triangles and trigonometric methods, including tangent values. Identify corresponding sides and ratio relationships in similar triangles. Solve measurement problems by using tangent values to calculate side lengths in triangles. For example, find ...

Interactive resource

Trig degrees

Use a unit circle tool to explore sine, cosine and tangent values in different quadrants. Determine the values for angles between 0° and 360°. Observe the symmetry and patterns of the functions to predict the behaviour of the graphs and the values for the functions in different quadrants. Observe the graphs animate and ...