Mathematics / Year 10 / Measurement and Geometry / Geometric reasoning

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Apply logical reasoning, including the use of congruence and similarity, to proofs and numerical exercises involving plane shapes (ACMMG244)

Elaborations
  • distinguishing between a practical demonstration and a proof (for example demonstrating triangles are congruent by placing them on top of each other, as compared to using congruence tests to establish that triangles are congruent)
  • performing a sequence of steps to determine an unknown angle giving a justification in moving from one step to the next.
  • communicating a proof using a sequence of logically connected statements
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Shapes (Geometry),  Reasoning,  Congruence (Geometry),  Mathematical proofs,  Similarity (Geometry)

Online

reSolve: Mechanical Linkages: Geometry Proofs

This series of six lessons explores geometry proofs using real world contexts focused on the dynamics of linkages and moving joints. Students use physical models and computer simulations, the lessons move from a view of geometry as a study to static diagrams to encompass movement. Each lesson is outlined in detail including ...

Online

TIMES Module 22: Measurement and Geometry: scale drawings and similarity - teacher guide

This is a 41-page guide for teachers. It contains an introduction to scale drawings and similarity, and in particular the tests for triangles to be considered similar. Applications of similarity are included throughout the module.

Interactive

Laptop wrap: Geometry gems

A page with a focus on using GeoGebra to enhance student understanding of various geometric properties and the importance of reasoning in proof. A laptop-friendly resource that includes supporting activities and links to resources.

Interactive

The geometer's warehouse

This web-based, multimedia resource focuses on the geometry of the Stage 4 and Stage 5 Mathematics syllabus. It comprises 70 dynamic html worksheets, each exploring a different outcome in Stage 4 and Stage 5 geometry.

Online

reSolve: Trigonometric Trajectories

In this sequence of two lessons, students investigate trigonometric and Pythagorean relationships through two contexts: researching and building a model zipline ride and outlining a proposal for glider poles. In the first lesson, students apply trigonometric and Pythagorean relationships to investigate the dimensions of ...

Online

reSolve: Trigonometry: Rule of Twelfths

This sequence of three lessons gives students the opportunity to explore how tidal variations can be modelled and predicted using trigonometric functions and approximated with useful 'rules of thumb'. Students use real tidal data to explore how sailors make predictions at sea, draw their own graphs using a range of approximation ...

Online

Australia's Trade through Time

Using an interactive timeline created by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, this Teacher guide provides 12 series of learning experiences that engage students in the analysis and interpretation of data about Australian trade from 1900 to the present day. Students study videos, tables, images and texts in order ...

Text

Round and Round and Round

This resource is a web page containing an interactive that can be used to explore the relationships between the angles of turn that produce the same vertical and horizontal displacements. The task provides an opportunity to apply their understanding of division and recurring decimals. A 'Getting started' page, printable ...

Text

Tuning and Ratio

This resource is a web page containing a challenging problem solving task that requires an understanding of ratios and logarithms. It explains how intervals such as an octave corresponds to a particular ratio of string lengths which produce the notes. Two types of tuning based on ratios; The Pythagorean Scale and Just Intonation ...

Online

Trade and Investment at a Glance

Using an illustrated report from the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, this Teacher guide provides ten learning sequences that engage students in the analysis and interpretation of data about Australian imports and exports. Students: identify Australia's major exports and imports; investigate international trade ...

Interactive

Numeracy wrap: Parallelogram peculiarities

Interactive activities that guide students to investigate properties of parallelograms.

Online

TIMES Module 24: Measurement and Geometry: further trigonometry - teacher guide

This is a 32-page guide for teachers. It provides an introduction to the sine rule and cosine rule and their applications.

Online

Data in Gapminder world

This resource is a dataset providing data for a number of indicators of development over time for more than 200 countries. The indicators fall into the following categories: population, health, economy, environment, work, infrastructure, energy and education, with over 500 sets of data in total. Each set of data can be ...

Online

Delivering water

This is a mathematics unit of work about water: its world-wide availability and use; the time spent carrying it; the best shape for water tanks; and the area of land taken up around tanks and in paths and ditches to water sources. Intended for years 9 and 10 and written from a global education perspective, the resource ...

Online

TIMES Module 22: Measurement and Geometry: introductory trigonometry - teacher guide

This is a 20-page guide for teachers containing an introduction to the three basic trigonometric ratios. A history of trigonometry concludes the module.

Interactive

Numeracy wrap: It's what's inside that counts

interactive activities that guide students to explore the interior and exterior angle sums of polygons.

Interactive

Numeracy wrap: Tell me why

Interactive activities that guide students to consider the use and presentation of geometric reasoning.

Interactive

Renovate, Calculate!

A student resource that explores the use of mathematics in the trades. Highly interactive investigations into ratio, areas of special quadrilaterals and right-angled trigonometry.

Online

Measuring Millennium Development Goals progress

This is a unit of work about progress towards achieving the United Nation's Millennium Development Goals (MDG). Written from a global education perspective, the resource consists of four single- or multi-lesson activities, titled: What do the Millennium Development Goals measure?; Tracking the world's progress; Comparing ...