Mathematics / Year 10 / Measurement and Geometry / Pythagoras and trigonometry

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Apply Pythagoras’ Theorem and trigonometry to solving three-dimensional problems in right-angled triangles (ACMMG276)

Elaborations
  • investigating the applications of Pythagoras theorem in authentic problems
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Pythagoras theorem

Teacher resource

Secondary mathematics: using real data

These seven learning activities, which focus on the use of 'real data' using a variety of tools (software) and devices (hardware), illustrate the ways in which content, pedagogy and technology can be successfully and effectively integrated in order to promote learning. In the activities, teachers use the three content strands ...

Interactive resource

Exploring trigonometry

Label the three sides of a right-angled triangle as hypotenuse, adjacent and opposite sides. Identify which sides form a trigonometric ratio such as cosine or tangent. Watch a video showing how trigonometry is used to help planes land safely.

Interactive resource

Trig degrees

Use a unit circle tool to explore sine, cosine and tangent values in different quadrants. Determine the values for angles between 0° and 360°. Observe the symmetry and patterns of the functions to predict the behaviour of the graphs and the values for the functions in different quadrants. Observe the graphs animate and ...

Interactive Resource

Renovate, Calculate!

A student resource that explores the use of mathematics in the trades. Highly interactive investigations into ratio, areas of special quadrilaterals and right-angled trigonometry.

Interactive resource

Trigonometry: measuring with triangles

Compare the shadows cast by a small stick and a larger object such as a column of a Greek building. Check the angles at which the shadows are cast and confirm whether the two objects create similar triangles. Use equivalent ratios to calculate the lengths of a triangle's sides: the height of an object or the length of a ...

Moving Image

Mapping farmland: using area and trigonometry

In northern Queensland's Gulf region, some farmers use GPS mapping to help manage their extensive properties. Use this clip as a context for applying your understanding of area, in particular your understanding of conversion between square kilometres and hectares. Apply trigonometry and Pythagoras' theorem.

Interactive resource

EagleCat: scale it

Explore changes in area when a shape is acted on by a scale factor. Examine changes in volume when an object is acted on by a scale factor. Analyse the changes using whole numbers.

Interactive resource

Trigonometry: cosine

Look at an explanation of the trigonometric ratios: sine, cosine and tangent. Adjust the angles of a right angle triangle within a unit circle (radius of one unit). Identify the cosine ratio and enter the cosine values of angles from 0–90 degrees into a table. Answer questions about the cosine values. This learning object ...

Interactive resource

Trigonometry: sine

Look at an explanation of the trigonometric ratios: sine, cosine and tangent. Adjust the angles of a right-angled triangle within a unit circle (radius of one unit). Find corresponding sides in similar triangles and find relationships between ratios. Identify the sine ratio and enter the sine values of angles from 0–90 ...

Teacher resource

What is trigonometry and where would you use it?

Use these tasks and resources to provide opportunities for students to apply understandings about trigonometry. Students investigate the relationship between sine and cosine as the angle value changes from 0 to 90 degrees in a right-angled triangle.

Teacher resource

Turn up the volume - unit of work

In this unit of work students explore and explain the connections between the surface area and volume of different shapes and how each attribute is measured.

Interactive resource

Trigonometry: tangent

Look at an explanation of the trigonometric ratios: sine, cosine and tangent. Adjust the angles of a right-angled triangle within a unit circle (radius of one unit). Identify the tangent ratio and enter the tangent values of angles from 0–90 degrees into a table. Answer questions about the tangent values. This learning ...

Interactive resource

Trigonometry: finding angles

Look at an explanation of the trigonometric ratios: sine, cosine and tangent. Adjust the angles of a right-angled triangle within a unit circle (radius of one unit). Set the cosine, sine and tangent values of angles from 0–90 degrees. Identify the angle for each of the values. This learning object is one in a series of ...

Interactive Resource

Trigonometric Ratios

An animated introduction to the basic trigonometric ratios.

Teacher resource

Dart probability

In this mathematical activity, students calculate expected scores for a novice dart player. They use technology to determine the best section to aim for and use areas to weight scores to account for double and triple scores.

Assessment resource

Trigonometry: assessment

Test your understanding of angles and their sine, cosine and tangent values. Use a unit circle tool to find sine, cosine and tangent values in different quadrants. Use the tool to find the angle when given sine, cosine or tangent values. Determine the values for angles between 0° and 360°. Solve problems by using the unit ...

Moving Image

Applying trigonometry: leaning tower

The Leaning Tower of Gingin is the centrepiece of the Gravity Discovery Centre. The Catalyst team of Derek, Simon and Anja drop watermelons from the tower, to examine the rate at which they fall. They are testing Galileo's theory about falling objects. The dimensions of the tower provide an opportunity to apply some basic ...

Interactive resource

Trigonometry: using sine

Solve measurement problems involving right-angled triangles by using similar triangles and trigonometric methods, including sine values. Identify corresponding sides and ratio relationships in similar triangles. Solve measurement problems by using sine values to calculate side lengths in triangles. For example, find the ...

Interactive resource

Trigonometry: using tangent

Solve measurement problems involving right-angled triangles by using similar triangles and trigonometric methods, including tangent values. Identify corresponding sides and ratio relationships in similar triangles. Solve measurement problems by using tangent values to calculate side lengths in triangles. For example, find ...

Interactive Resource

Laptop wrap: Talking trigonometry

In this laptop-friendly resource, students consolidate their understanding of trigonometry by investigating practical applications of the ratios, highlighting the process they used to find a solution.