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# Mathematics / Year 2 / Number and Algebra / Number and place value

Curriculum content descriptions

Solve simple addition and subtraction problems using a range of efficient mental and written strategies (ACMNA030)

Elaborations
• becoming fluent with a range of mental strategies for addition and subtraction problems, such as commutativity for addition, building to 10, doubles, 10 facts and adding 10
• modelling and representing simple additive situations using materials such as 10 frames, 20 frames and empty number lines
General capabilities
• Literacy Literacy
• Numeracy Numeracy
• Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Mental arithmetic,  Subtraction,  Addition,  Written calculations

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Year level F-2
Resource type
Learning area Mathematics

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Test your understanding of place value with three-digit numbers. Start with a three-digit whole number such as 507. A spinner provides a randomly generated digit. Choose its place value and add it to (or subtract it from) your starting number. Work towards a given target number, say 539, using other digits. You can choose ...

### Sites2See – number for primary

Selected links to a range of interactive online resources for the study of number in Foundation to Year 6 Mathematics.

### Counting beetles: solving word problems

Look at a word problem that uses beetles. Use the number line to show how to solve the problem. Watch an animation of the problem on a number line. Make a number sentence to match the number line. This learning object is one in a series of five objects. Three objects in the series are also packaged as a combined learning object.

### Wishball: tens

Test your understanding of place value in two-digit numbers. Start with a two-digit whole number such as 57. A spinner provides a randomly generated digit. Choose its place value and add it to (or subtract it from) your starting number. Work towards a given target number, for example 12, using other digits. You can choose ...

### Counting beetles: making word problems

Make a word problem using beetles. First, decide whether to add or subtract. Select the number of beetles for your problem. Use the number line to show how to solve the problem. Watch an animation of the problem on a number line. Make a number sentence to match the number line. This learning object is one in a series of ...

### The number partner

Explore how to break up numbers into pairs of smaller numbers such as 15 = 9 + 6. Work through examples of whole number pairs and sample questions. Apply these principles to solve additions or subtractions. Use a partitioning tool to break up numbers under 30. Recognise number patterns; use the strategy of counting on.

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### Mental computation: basic facts - addition and subtraction

This is a teacher resource that is part of a wider series; it develops a structured strategies-based approach to mental computation of the 242 basic mathematics facts at primary level. The resource provides 13 stimulating classroom activities that encourage students to use a wide variety of mental-computation strategies. ...

How many different ways can you think of to add two numbers to reach ten? Watch this video to learn them all!

### MoneySmart: Kieren's coin

This is a year 2 mathematics unit of work about money. The unit is intended to take about 10 hours of teaching and learning time. It consists of 11 student activities supported by teacher notes on curriculum, pedagogy and assessment. Student activities include responding to a story about a rare foreign coin, interacting ...

### reSolve: Authentic Problems: What's For Lunch?

This sequence of four lessons invites students to investigate how many of a chosen food item are eaten at their school in a year. Students identify the mathematical knowledge they need to find how many of the selected items they eat in a year and devise a plan to find the total number, using grouping, partitioning and repeated ...

### Literacy and numeracy improvement: a whole-school approach

This teacher resource describes how 74 public schools in metropolitan, regional and rural Western Australia used three major components of the school improvement cycle to achieve significant improvement in the literacy and numeracy learning outcomes of their students. The resource is organised in nine sections: Summary, ...

### Balance the cups: use the rule 1

Put blocks into the cups on the scales to make them balance, using the number rule A = B + C. Use your knowledge of addition to help you work out how many blocks you need in each cup. Finish the number sentence to show an equal number of blocks on each side. This learning object is the first in a series of three learning objects.

### The array: go figure

This tutorial is suitable for use with a screen reader. It explains strategies for solving simple multiplications in your head such as 6x4. Work through sample questions and instructions explaining how to break up numbers into their factors. Solve multiplications by using arrays to break them up into rows and columns, then ...

### Mental calculation strategies - multiplication and division

This collection of 14 digital curriculum resources focuses on assisting students to develop efficient and effective mental calculation strategies for performing multiplication and division. The collection also aims to develop and consolidate students' knowledge of multiplicative number facts. It is organised in four categories: ...

### Wishball challenge: tens

Challenge your understanding of place value in whole numbers up to 99. Receive a starting number, such as 86, and work towards turning it into a target number, such as 18, within 20 turns. Spin a random digit, choose its decimal place value and use the given operation (either addition or subtraction) on your starting number. ...

### The array

Use an array-building tool to help solve multiplications. Explore strategies to break up multiplications. Create and solve easy multiplications such as 9x3. Examine relationships between rows, columns and areas in arrays.

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### TIMES Module 2: Number and Algebra: addition and subtraction - teacher guide

This is a 29-page guide for teachers. The module introduces addition and subtraction of whole numbers.

### Mixed-Up Maths

Join our host, Ed, as he finds himself in all types of situations where only his knowledge of Maths can help him. From saving the planet from Aliens, to creating a superhero that can stop a strawberry milkshake tidal wave. From searching for buried treasure, to jumping like a daredevil, or planning the greatest circus party ...

### MoneySmart: Pay the price

This learning object helps students to recognise Australian currency through a supermarket shopping scenario which requires simple transactions. Students match item value with the correct coin and note combinations. The learning object has three different levels working through matching item value to: two single coins, ...

### MoneySmart: Money match

This learning object helps students to recognise Australian currency through matching notes and coins. Students match different combinations of notes and coins to arrive at the same value in multiple ways. The learning object has four different levels working through matching: same coins, coins of different values, coins ...