Mathematics / Year 2 / Number and Algebra / Number and place value

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Recognise and represent multiplication as repeated addition, groups and arrays (ACMNA031)

Elaborations
  • representing array problems with available materials and explaining reasoning
  • visualising a group of objects as a unit and using this to calculate the number of objects in several identical groups
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Multiplication,  Arrays,  Repeated addition

Interactive Resource

Sites2See – number for primary

Selected links to a range of interactive online resources for the study of number in Foundation to Year 6 Mathematics.

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

The array

Use an array-building tool to help solve multiplications. Explore strategies to break up multiplications. Create and solve easy multiplications such as 9x3. Examine relationships between rows, columns and areas in arrays.

Teacher resource

Multiplication and division

Use these resources to develop your students' understanding and use of efficient strategies for multiplication and solving problems in authentic situations. Develop strategies for a sound basis of skip counting and other examples of repeated addition. Investigate division by sharing quantities (partition) then by repeated ...

Teacher resource

Mental computation: basic facts - multiplication and division

This is a teacher resource that is part of a wider series; it develops a structured strategies-based approach to mental computation of single-digit multiplication and related division facts at lower primary level. It provides 22 engaging classroom activities that will stimulate students to use appropriate mental-computation ...

Teacher resource

reSolve: Authentic Problems: What's For Lunch?

This sequence of four lessons invites students to investigate how many of a chosen food item are eaten at their school in a year. Students identify the mathematical knowledge they need to find how many of the selected items they eat in a year and devise a plan to find the total number, using grouping, partitioning and repeated ...

Teacher resource

MoneySmart: Kieren's coin

This is a year 2 mathematics unit of work about money. The unit is intended to take about 10 hours of teaching and learning time. It consists of 11 student activities supported by teacher notes on curriculum, pedagogy and assessment. Student activities include responding to a story about a rare foreign coin, interacting ...

Teacher resource

reSolve: Authentic Problems: Bunches of Balloons

This sequence of three lessons introduces division and multiplication through the context of decorating a room with clusters of balloons. Students carry out an inquiry using a variety of processes associated with multiplication and division such as grouping concrete objects, arrays, repeated addition and skip counting. ...

Teacher resource

reSolve: Multiplication: Making Robots

This sequence of lessons introduces the key idea of multiplication as a Cartesian product, using the language of 'for each'. Students explore the total number of different robots that can be made using three heads, three bodies and three feet. The students represent the different combinations for the robots as array. The ...

Moving Image

Multiples of five

When is a times table useful? Watch this video to see an example of when knowing a five times table comes in handy. Can you think of another example where knowing the times table could be useful?

Interactive Resource

Number line, by the Math Learning Centre - iTunes app

Use a virtual number line to visualise number sequences and to represent and solve addition, subtraction, multiplication and division problems. Free when reviewed on 12/5/2015.

Moving Image

Nine times table

Learning the times tables can be hard! Watch this neat trick to learn the nine times table using just your fingers. See if you can solve 9 times 6 using this trick.

Moving Image

Multiply two numbers to get twenty!

Did you know that 5 times 4 equals 20? Did you also know that there are other numbers you can multiply to get to 20? See if you can come up with at least two other numbers.

Teacher resource

reSolve: Multiplication - reSolve Fruit Shop

This sequence of two lessons explores the use of arrays to determine how many objects are in a collection. Students use strategies such as skip counting, repeated addition and partitioning the array into smaller parts. They investigate how some numbers can be represented as an array in different ways. They also explore ...

Interactive resource

The array: go figure

This tutorial is suitable for use with a screen reader. It explains strategies for solving simple multiplications in your head such as 6x4. Work through sample questions and instructions explaining how to break up numbers into their factors. Solve multiplications by using arrays to break them up into rows and columns, then ...

Moving Image

What are factors?

What are factors? Watch as the jelly babies in this clip show you! What are the factors of 12? How many factors does the number 11 have? Try explaining to a friend what a prime number is.

Collection

Exploring division and multiplication

This collection of 17 digital curriculum resources contains activities to consolidate and extend students' problem-solving skills in the areas of multiplication and division. The first category, arrays, allows students to visualise problems while consolidating the idea that multiplication involves repeated groups of objects. ...

Interactive Resource

Gobbling Goblins

Welcome to 'The Toadstool Bistro', the hottest diner in Goblin Town. Maître d' Grundle is in a panic! The Gobbling Goblins, three fierce food critics, have arrived at The Toadstool Bistro and they're determined to put your kitchen to the test! Your goal is to keep the food coming for these ghastly gourmets. Use your maths ...

Collection

Mental calculation strategies - multiplication and division

This collection of 14 digital curriculum resources focuses on assisting students to develop efficient and effective mental calculation strategies for performing multiplication and division. The collection also aims to develop and consolidate students' knowledge of multiplicative number facts. It is organised in four categories: ...

Collection

Mental calculation strategies - addition and subtraction

This collection of 21 digital curriculum resources focuses on assisting students to develop efficient and effective mental calculation strategies for performing additions and subtractions of two-, three- and four-digit whole numbers. It is organised in three categories: developing strategies - addition; developing strategies ...

Teacher resource

Primary mathematics: open-ended tasks

These seven learning activities, which focus on 'open-ended tasks' using a variety of tools (software) and devices (hardware), illustrate the ways in which content, pedagogy and technology can be successfully and effectively integrated in order to promote learning. In the activities, teachers use investigations in order ...

Teacher resource

TIMES Module 3: Number and Algebra: multiplication and division - teacher guide

This is a 23-page guide for teachers. This module contains a description of suitable models for multiplication, a discussion of the type of problem phrased in words that requires multiplication for its solution, and mental and written strategies for multiplication. The use of the commutative, associative and distributive ...

Teacher resource

Mental computation: introduction

This is a teacher resource that is part of a wider series; it introduces a structured strategies-based approach to mental computation for primary level and provides four generic classroom activities that can be used to empower students to use, share and test strategies. The support material describes the content of the ...

Teacher resource

Starting Smart: how are problems solved? - year 2

This curriculum resource package is a ten-week teaching plan and set of resources developed to extend year 2 students' knowledge and understanding of numbers and operations. The package includes seven detailed lesson plans to establish students' current knowledge about counting-on and number bonds to 20. Throughout, students ...