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Mathematics / Year 4 / Number and Algebra / Patterns and algebra

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Explore and describe number patterns resulting from performing multiplication (ACMNA081)

Elaborations
  • identifying examples of number patterns in everyday life
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Multiplication,  Number patterns

Video

What is a fractal?

Do you know what a fractal is? Basically, fractals are never-ending patterns created by repeated mathematical equations. In this clip, Yuliya, a student at MIT (in the USA) describes the properties of fractals and shows you where they can be found in technology and nature. Have a good look at the world around you and see ...

Video

Fun with fractals

Do you know how to recognise a fractal? Watch this video to find out! What are the examples given of fractals found in nature? Can you think of any others? Why not have a go at doing your own drawing of the Sierpinski Triangle?

Interactive

Sites2See: Patterns and Algebra

Selected links to a range of interactive online resources for the study of patterns and algebra in Foundation to Year 6 Mathematics.

Interactive

Musical number patterns: musical times

Make some music by building up rhythms from four instruments. Make a counting rule that matches a pattern on a number line. Select the start number and then select a number to count by. For example, describe a sound pattern where a saxophone waits on the first note, and then plays on every eighth note. Add a second number ...

Interactive

The array

Use an array-building tool to help solve multiplications. Explore strategies to break up multiplications. Create and solve easy multiplications such as 9x3. Examine relationships between rows, columns and areas in arrays.

Interactive

The array: go figure

This tutorial is suitable for use with a screen reader. It explains strategies for solving simple multiplications in your head such as 6x4. Work through sample questions and instructions explaining how to break up numbers into their factors. Solve multiplications by using arrays to break them up into rows and columns, then ...

Interactive

The multiplier: go figure

This tutorial is suitable for use with a screen reader. It explains strategies for solving complex multiplications in your head such as 22x38. Work through sample questions and instructions explaining how to use partitioning techniques. Solve multiplications by breaking them up into parts that are easy to work with, use ...

Interactive

The difference bar: generate easy subtractions

Learn how to split up numbers in your head. Use a linear partitioning tool to help find the difference between pairs of two-digit numbers such as 25 and 34. In these examples, the difference is always less than ten. Split the numbers into parts that are easy to work with, work out each part and then solve the original calculation.

Interactive

The difference bar: go figure

This tutorial is suitable for use with a screen reader. It explains how to split up numbers in your head when finding the difference between two numbers such as 26 and 73. Work through sample questions and instructions explaining how to use linear partitioning techniques. Find the difference between pairs of numbers. Split ...

Interactive

Circus towers: square stacks

Work out how many acrobats are needed to form square-shaped human towers. Start by building a square tower with four acrobats: two acrobats in the base layer and two acrobats standing on their shoulders. Examine a table and graph of the total number of acrobats in the towers. Predict the number of acrobats needed to build ...

Interactive

The divider: with or without remainders

Solve divisions such as 147/7 or 157/6 (some have remainders). Use a partitioning tool to help solve randomly generated divisions. Learn strategies to do complex arithmetic in your head. Split a division into parts that are easy to work with, use times tables, then solve the original calculation.

Interactive

Musical number patterns: music maker

Make some music by building up rhythms for four instruments. Choose a starting point on a number line and build a counting rule. Count in lots between 2 and 10 until you reach 36. Add your number several times on the number line to make a pattern. For example, set up a sound pattern where a trumpet waits on the first note, ...

Interactive

What's the problem: nature: level 2

Star as a contestant in a quiz show! Select three worded mathematical problems, about nature, from two categories: 'plants' or 'animals'. Identify the correct answer for each step in the problem-solving process. Examine the suggestions made by the panel to help you. Collect a prize based on your score.

Online

Exploring addition and subtraction

This collection contains 12 digital curriculum resources from the 'Counting beetles' and 'Number trains' series. The collection includes two categories of counting strategies: counting on and back, to give students practice in counting on or back from any number up to 120; and counting using number representations. A third ...

Online

reSolve: Multiplication - reSolve Fruit Shop

This sequence of two lessons explores the use of arrays to determine how many objects are in a collection. Students use strategies such as skip counting, repeated addition and partitioning the array into smaller parts. They investigate how some numbers can be represented as an array in different ways. They also explore ...

Online

reSolve: Authentic Problems: Tea Party

This sequence of four lessons presents a purposeful context for counting using the context of planning a tea party. Students consider items required for a small party, draw and count the items and then extend this to a larger party for the whole class. Each lesson is outlined in detail including curriculum links, vocabulary, ...

Online

reSolve: Authentic Problems: 10000 Centicubes

This sequence of four lessons integrates content in number and measurement to deepen students' understanding and confidence working with larger numbers. Students work flexibly with numbers up to 10 000 as they determine suitable dimensions for a container that can hold 10 000 centicubes. They are challenged to plan, construct ...

Online

reSolve: Modelling Motion - Year 7

This sequence of seven lessons challenges students to use simple equipment to predict, observe and represent motion. They create a series of graphs to represent motion and construct instruments to measure forces in one and then two dimensions. They interpret these representations to develop concepts of force and motion. ...

Online

reSolve: Algebra - Equivalence

This sequence of two lessons builds students' understanding of equivalence as balance. The equals sign is used to indicate the same value on both sides of an equation. Students develop their understanding of equivalence by looking at balancing scales with blocks of different weights. Each lesson is outlined in detail including ...

Online

reSolve: Algebra: Tens and Units

This sequence of lessons aims to develop understanding of algebra as generalised arithmetic. Students learn to express 2- and 3-digit numbers in a general form and use this to explain results of arithmetic operations involving numbers with their digits reversed. The task links the ideas of place value with algebraic reasoning. ...