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Mathematics / Year 7 / Number and Algebra / Patterns and algebra

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Extend and apply the laws and properties of arithmetic to algebraic terms and expressions (ACMNA177)

Elaborations
  • identifying order of operations in contextualised problems, preserving the order by inserting brackets in numerical expressions, then recognising how order is preserved by convention
  • moving fluently between algebraic and word representations as descriptions of the same situation
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Distributivity,  Associativity,  Commutativity,  Mathematical expressions

Text

Mental computation

This is a website designed for both teachers and students that discusses methods of mental computation. In particular, applying the associative, commutative and distributive laws to aid mental and written computation is discussed. These are important ideas for the introduction of algebra. There are pages for both teachers ...

Interactive

Terms

An animated tutorial about terms and 'like' terms, followed by an interactive quiz.

Online

Introduction to algebra

This is a website designed for both teachers and students that addresses the introduction of algebra. It is particularly relevant for introducing the idea of the use of a variable as a way of representing numbers. There are pages for both teachers and students. The student pages contain interactive questions for students ...

Interactive

Expressions

An animated tutorial with a focus on collecting 'like' terms to simplify expressions. An interactive quiz is included.

Interactive

Multiplication of Variables

An animated tutorial that discusses expressions such as 4x, where the multiplication symbol has been omitted, and then presents a method for multiplying simple algebraic expressions.

Online

The laws of arithmetic and their use in algebra

This is a website designed for both teachers and students that refers to algebraic notation, the laws of arithmetic and the use of these laws in algebra from the Australian Curriculum for year 7 students. It contains material on algebraic notation, the commutative and associative laws, the use of brackets and the orders ...

Video

Patterns, primes and Pascal's Triangle

Are you intrigued by patterns? Check out Vi Hart as she explains how to visualise patterns in prime numbers, using Ulam's Spiral. Watch as Vi creates patterns, using Pascal's Triangle to explore relationships in number. See what happens when she circles the odd numbers. What rule does she use to create the final pattern?

Interactive

The take-away bar: go figure

This tutorial is suitable for use with a screen reader. It explains strategies for solving subtractions in your head such as 87-39. Work through sample questions and instructions explaining how to use linear partitioning techniques. Solve subtractions by breaking them up into parts that are easy to work with, work out each ...

Interactive

The difference bar: generate easy subtractions

Learn how to split up numbers in your head. Use a linear partitioning tool to help find the difference between pairs of two-digit numbers such as 25 and 34. In these examples, the difference is always less than ten. Split the numbers into parts that are easy to work with, work out each part and then solve the original calculation.

Interactive

The difference bar: go figure

This tutorial is suitable for use with a screen reader. It explains how to split up numbers in your head when finding the difference between two numbers such as 26 and 73. Work through sample questions and instructions explaining how to use linear partitioning techniques. Find the difference between pairs of numbers. Split ...

Interactive

The number partner: go figure

This tutorial is suitable for use with a screen reader. It explains strategies for breaking up numbers into pairs of smaller numbers, eg 15 = 11 + 4. Work through examples of whole number pairs and sample questions. Apply these principles to solve additions or subtractions.

Interactive

The array: go figure

This tutorial is suitable for use with a screen reader. It explains strategies for solving simple multiplications in your head such as 6x4. Work through sample questions and instructions explaining how to break up numbers into their factors. Solve multiplications by using arrays to break them up into rows and columns, then ...

Interactive

The divider: with or without remainders

Solve divisions such as 147/7 or 157/6 (some have remainders). Use a partitioning tool to help solve randomly generated divisions. Learn strategies to do complex arithmetic in your head. Split a division into parts that are easy to work with, use times tables, then solve the original calculation.

Interactive

The multiplier: go figure

This tutorial is suitable for use with a screen reader. It explains strategies for solving complex multiplications in your head such as 22x38. Work through sample questions and instructions explaining how to use partitioning techniques. Solve multiplications by breaking them up into parts that are easy to work with, use ...

Online

reSolve: Algebra: Chess - The King

This lesson aims to build students' algebraic reasoning and understanding of number as they explore computation on the number chart. Students explore the moves of a king chess piece and how the value of the numbers change as he moves. This builds into an algebraic exploration of equivalent values that can be found on the ...

Online

reSolve: Addition: Chess - The Rook

This lesson engages students in investigating place value and the addition and subtraction of numbers by exploring computation on the number chart. Students analyse the moves of a rook chess piece and how the value of the numbers change as he moves. This builds into an exploration of how the number chart can be used as ...

Online

reSolve: Rectilinear Polygons

In this sequence of three lessons, students use geometric reasoning to establish relationships between angles in polygons and go on to make generalisations using algebraic expressions. Students explore and enumerate right angles in a series of rectilinear polygons and generalise their findings. They then explore the number ...

Online

reSolve: Authentic Problems: 10000 Centicubes

This sequence of four lessons integrates content in number and measurement to deepen students' understanding and confidence working with larger numbers. Students work flexibly with numbers up to 10 000 as they determine suitable dimensions for a container that can hold 10 000 centicubes. They are challenged to plan, construct ...

Online

reSolve: Algebra: Triangle Inequality

This sequence of two lessons explores the triangle inequality theorem. Students are challenged to construct triangles with a given number of matchsticks, explore and record what combinations of sticks can create valid triangles and represent their findings using mathematical expressions. Each lesson is outlined in detail ...

Online

reSolve: Algebra - Equivalence

This sequence of two lessons builds students' understanding of equivalence as balance. The equals sign is used to indicate the same value on both sides of an equation. Students develop their understanding of equivalence by looking at balancing scales with blocks of different weights. Each lesson is outlined in detail including ...