Mathematics / Year 8 / Number and Algebra / Number and place value

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Carry out the four operations with rational numbers and integers, using efficient mental and written strategies and appropriate digital technologies (ACMNA183)

Elaborations
  • using patterns to assist in finding rules for the multiplication and division of integers
  • using the number line to develop strategies for adding and subtracting rational numbers
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • ICT capability Information and Communication Technology (ICT) capability
ScOT terms

Number operations,  Calculators

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Year level 7-8
Resource type
Learning area Mathematics
Interactive resource

School canteen: best buy: level 2

Buy supplies online for a school canteen. Purchase given amounts of items such as bottles of orange juice and boxes of sultanas. Notice that the unit prices are different for packs of different sizes. In this level, perform slightly harder calculations to work out how many packs you will need, and which available pack size ...

Interactive resource

Exploring square roots

Build a square on a grid to cover a given number of units. Notice that each side of the square equals the square root of the area. Calculate the area of each square and work out the square root. For example, calculate the length of each side needed for a square to cover 81 units. Calculate the area of squares bordering ...

Teacher resource

Number talks

Use these tasks and resources to provide opportunities for students to explain mental strategies for performing calculations. Present a number of mathematical statements for students to investigate whether they are true or false. As a further challenge include statements about percentages and improper fractions.

Interactive Resource

Arithmetic four

This is an interactive game for two students in which they solve arithmetic problems, similar to 'Connect four'. The players can choose to work with whole number and integer addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. The length of time each player will have and the level of difficulty of the problems can also be ...

Interactive resource

Mobile phone plans: several companies

Compare monthly call costs quoted by different phone companies. Use line graphs to work out the costs for talk time, text messages, photos and total costs. Recommend the best plan. This learning object is one in a series of six objects.

Interactive resource

Mobile phone plans: find the best deal 1

Help three customers compare monthly call costs quoted by two different phone companies. Use line graphs to work out the costs for talk time, text messages and total costs. Recommend the best plan. This learning object is one in a series of six objects.

Assessment resource

Thinking division: remainders: assessment

Test your ability to turn a word problem into an equation with a remainder. Solve the equation without a calculator. For example, use a partitioning tool to help solve the equation 169÷4. Identify the remainder, which can be expressed as a whole number or a fraction. Choose which strategy you used to solve the problem. ...

Interactive resource

Mobile phone plans: peak and off-peak

Compare monthly call plans quoted by a phone company. Look at the effect of off-peak discounts. Use line graphs to work out the costs for talk time, text messages, photos and total costs. Recommend the best plan. This learning object is one in a series of six objects.

Interactive Resource

Word problems involving addition and subtraction, and interpretation of a table

This is a four-page HTML resource about using addition and subtraction to solve problems involving tables of data. It contains one video and one interactive question. The resource discusses and explains solving problems involving tables to reinforce students' understanding.

Interactive resource

Mobile phone plans: one company

Compare monthly call plans quoted by a phone company. Use line graphs to work out the costs for talk time, text messages, photos and total costs. Recommend the best plan. This learning object is one in a series of six objects.

Interactive resource

Mobile phone plans: find the best deal 2

Help three customers compare monthly call costs quoted by three different phone companies: Orbit, Presto and Kool. Use line graphs to work out the costs for talk time, text messages, photos and total costs. Recommend the best plan. This learning object is one in a series of six objects.

Interactive resource

Mobile phone plans: find the best deal 3

Help three customers compare monthly call costs quoted by three different phone companies: Dialo, Airplay and Jump. Use line graphs to work out the same company and standard rates for talk time, text messages, photos and total costs. Recommend the best plan. This learning object is one in a series of six objects.

Teacher resource

TIMES Module 14: Number and Algebra: fractions - teacher guide

This is a 16-page guide for teachers that provides an introduction to fractions. It covers ordering, the four basic arithmetic operations, cancelling, writing in simplest form, the use of the area model for multiplication and the use of the number line for ordering, adding and subtracting. A history of the development of ...

Collection

Comparative pricing using calculations and linear graphs

This collection of 15 interactive learning objects supports year 7-9 students to use mathematical skills in real life situations involving comparative pricing. Two series, 'Mobile phone plans' and 'School canteen', are used predominantly. Each series offers progressively increasing levels of mathematical application. The ...

Teacher resource

TIMES Module 15: Number and Algebra: the integers - teacher guide

This is a 24-page guide for teachers. The module introduces the integers, order of the integers and operations on the integers.

Teacher resource

TIMES Module 9: Number and Algebra: multiplication of whole numbers - teacher guide

This is a 23-page guide for teachers. This module contains a description of suitable models for multiplication, a discussion of the types of problems that require multiplication for their solution, and mental and written strategies for multiplication. The use of the commutative, associative and distributive laws is described. ...

Teacher resource

TIMES Module 10: Number and Algebra: division of whole numbers - teacher guide

This is a 26-page guide for teachers. This module contains a description of suitable models for division, a discussion of the types of problems that require division for their solution, and mental and written strategies for division.

Moving Image

Kaprekar's operation

Did you know that 6,174 is a very mysterious number? In 1949, the mathematician Dr Kaprekar from India devised a process now known as Kaprekar's operation. First, choose a four-digit number where the digits are all different. Then rearrange the digits to get the largest and smallest numbers these digits can make. Finally, ...

Teacher resource

TIMES Module 19: Number and Algebra: whole number arithmetic - teacher guide

This is a 17-page guide for teachers, a module that introduces addition of whole numbers.

Teacher resource

MoneySmart: How can we access money overseas?

This is a year 8 mathematics unit of work about converting currency, accessing money overseas and bartering to acquire goods. Intended to take about ten hours, the unit consists of five sets of student tasks supported by teacher notes. Tasks include calculating the costs of converting Australian dollars to Japanese yen ...

Assessment resource

Biscuit factory: two gears: assessment

Test your understanding of ratios by choosing two gears of different sizes according to specific criteria. Complete a pair of gears, or choose the combination of two gears, depending on how many rotations each gear must make. For example, choose a belt gear size of 10 teeth and a driver of 40 teeth to make the belt gear ...

Interactive resource

Bridge builder: complex squares

Build bridges by adding regular sections (each made up of three beams plus a shared beam). Examine a table and graph of the total number of beams used in bridges of different sizes. Predict the number of beams needed to build a wider span. Describe the number pattern. This learning object is the fourth in a series of five ...

Interactive resource

Bridge builder: complex pentagons

Build bridges by adding pentagonal sections (each made up of four beams plus a shared beam). Examine a table and graph of the total number of beams used in bridges of different sizes. Predict the number of beams needed to build a wider span. Describe the number pattern. This learning object is the last in a series of five ...

Interactive resource

In proportion: graphs of ratios, rates and scales

Complete customer orders for a large hardware store by interpreting ratios, rates and scales. Work in the manager's office and discover how ratios, rates and scales can be represented as graphs. Use the graphs to discover quantities for garden fertiliser ingredients, the cost of mulch, and for finding lengths of timber ...

Interactive resource

Biscuit factory: complex ratios

Examine a pair of gears that drives a conveyor belt to an oven, including cases where the belt gear is larger than the driver. Notice that the number of rotations for each gear depends on the gear size (number of teeth). Explore the relationship between the number of teeth and the number of rotations. Build a table to compare ...

Interactive resource

Exploring linear equations

Watch a video showing animals feeding at a zoo. See how linear equations are used to calculate daily feeding costs. For example, daily costs of meat for tigers is ($9.90 per kg x 36kg) + $10 delivery = $366.40. Adjust three variables on sliding scales to produce a given number.

Assessment resource

Vitality drinks: assessment

Assess your ability to make drinks from a menu to match customer orders. For example, calculate the volume of each juice type required when given the ratio of juices for a drink of a particular total volume. Watch an animation to determine the ratio of juices in a new recipe. Calculate the volume of each juice in the new ...

Interactive resource

In proportion: rates and scales

Complete customer orders for a large hardware store by interpreting the rates and scales. Work in the gardening department to fill orders for mulch (expressed as rates) and help out with scale plans in the timber department. Use the machine to set the rates, create the right amounts and deliver the mulch. Use the scale ...

Teacher resource

Algebraic expressions

This is a website designed for both teachers and students that addresses algebraic expressions from the Australian Curriculum for year 8 students. It contains material on using simple positive and negative fractions, substitution, collecting like terms, taking products, and expanding brackets using the distributive law ...

Teacher resource

Secondary mathematics: using real data

These seven learning activities, which focus on the use of 'real data' using a variety of tools (software) and devices (hardware), illustrate the ways in which content, pedagogy and technology can be successfully and effectively integrated in order to promote learning. In the activities, teachers use the three content strands ...