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Mathematics / Year 10 / Number and Algebra / Linear and non-linear relationships

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Describe, interpret and sketch parabolas, hyperbolas, circles and exponential functions and their transformations (ACMNA267)

  • applying transformations, including translations, reflections in the axes and stretches to help graph parabolas, rectangular hyperbolas, circles and exponential functions
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Transformation (Geometry),  Exponential functions,  Hyperbolic functions,  Parabolic functions


Exponential growth and doubling time

This resource aims to guide and support a mathematics teacher of Year 10 across three main areas as the class explores the mathematics of exponential growth. The contexts used are compound interest, animal and human population growth, and the growth (and decay) of bacteria populations.


Secondary mathematics: different representations

These seven learning activities, which focus on 'representations' using a variety of tools (software) and devices (hardware), illustrate the ways in which content, pedagogy and technology can be successfully and effectively integrated in order to promote learning. In the activities, teachers use different representations ...


TIMES Module 35: Number and Algebra: the quadratic function - teacher guide

This is a 29-page guide for teachers. It introduces graphing of quadratic functions.


Face painter: finding faces 1

Identify polygons on a range of prisms and polyhedra such as a cube, square pyramid or triangular prism. Picture in your head all sides of a solid. Estimate how many faces the object has. Rotate it to see all of its faces. Paint each face of a given shape such as a triangle or rectangle.


Shape overlays: picture studio

Position two simple shapes to form an overlap, then cut out that new shape. For example, lay a rectangle over a circle to make a semicircle. Make several shapes. Rotate the shapes and move them around to make pictures. Build a new picture or match an existing picture such as a fish or a truck.


Photo hunt: level 4

Explore visual perspectives of solids such as cylinders, spheres, cones and cuboids. Match a 2D photo of a group of 3D objects taken from a different viewpoint. Identify the relative positions of the solids by comparing 2D outlines and colours. Rotate the scene until the view matches the original photo. The solids in the ...


'Fishing for upokororo', 1922

This is a black-and-white photograph of two Mäori men at work with two hïnaki (fish traps) capturing upokororo (grayling, 'Prototroctes oxyrhynchus') on the Waipu River on the east coast of the North Island in 1922. The photograph shows a low dam that has been built across the stream to divert its flow and direct the fish ...


reSolve: Tree Biomass

In this sequence of two lessons, students investigate how many trees would be required to supply paper for their school for a year. Students use similar triangles, Pythagoras' Theorem and algebra to design and construct a Biltmore stick, used to measure the diameter and height of a tree. They measure trees, calculate their ...


reSolve: Mechanical Linkages: Similar Triangles

This sequence of lessons explores the geometry of similar triangles using two real world objects: ironing boards and pantographs. In the first lesson, students investigate different ironing board leg lengths and pivot positions using similar and congruent triangles. In the second lesson, they use their knowledge of parallelogram ...


reSolve: Bifold Boxes

This lesson challenges students to use proportional reasoning to explain how changing the size of a square will affect the size of a box folded from that square. Students fold an origami box from a square of paper and record the dimensions of the resulting box. They then fold a box from a square of paper four times the ...


reSolve: Authentic Problems: Expanded Square

This sequence of four lessons explores concepts around informal area and symmetry. Students design an 'expanded square' where approximately half the area of the original square is flipped to the outside. The lessons provide opportunities for students to devise and use methods to informally measure area, record their mathematical ...


Rotations of two-dimensional objects

This is a four-page HTML resource about solving problems concerning quarter turns of two-dimensional objects. It contains four questions, one of which is interactive, and one video. The resource discusses and explains quarter turns to reinforce students' understanding.


reSolve: Transformations - Frieze patterns

This sequence of three lessons explores transformation and symmetry by engaging students in the design of friezes. Students are introduced to simple friezes, how reflections, rotations and translations are combined to create design elements, explore real frieze examples from furnishings in Parliament House and tyres, then ...


reSolve: Pythagoras' Theorem - Phone finding

This lesson challenges students to apply Pythagoras' Theorem to explore a practical real-world problem. Students explore technology reliant on mathematical concepts. The lesson is outlined in detail including curriculum links, vocabulary, materials needed, sample answers, discussion points and student resources such as ...


reSolve: Mechanical Linkages: Quadrilaterals

This series of six lessons explores geometry using real world contexts focussed on the dynamics of linkages and moving joints of everyday tools and objects. Students use physical models and computer simulations, the lessons move from a view of geometry as a study static diagrams to encompass movement. Each lesson is outlined ...


Syllabus bites – speedy sliding

This is the first in a series of Syllabus bites related to transformations on the Cartesian plane aimed at Stage 4 Mathematics. Students find the coordinates of image points after translation. In doing so, they develop fluency in using coordinates and familiarity with the Cartesian plane, providing a basis for the investigations ...


Maths of mouse plagues

How do pests such as mice reach plague proportions? The answer is that they can grow at an exponential rate. Watch this clip to see how that happens, but first enjoy (or squirm at) some footage of a real mouse plague.


reSolve: Reasoning With 2D Shapes

This sequence of three lessons explores shape properties and skills in manipulating shapes using transformations. Students create two-dimensional shapes by joining pins on a circular geoboard, explore the different shapes that can be made by joining together a set number of identical equilateral triangles and investigate ...


reSolve: Real World Algebra: Exponential Functions

This sequence of two lessons explores exponential functions as seen in the real world, linking the representations of function rules, graphs and tables of values. Students consider real world objects and data that can be described using exponential functions. They use simulations and modelling to investigate transformations, ...


Kite symmetry

Unfurl the secret of symmetry used in kites to make them fly! A kite in geometry looks a lot like a kite in the sky. We see that a kite is a special quadrilateral in which one of its two diagonals (long and short) is also its axis of symmetry, and if you fold the kite along that diagonal, the two halves will match up exactly ...