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Mathematics / Year 7 / Statistics and Probability / Chance

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Assign probabilities to the outcomes of events and determine probabilities for events (ACMSP168)

Elaborations
  • expressing probabilities as decimals, fractionals and percentages
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Sample space,  Expected frequency

Video

Birthday probability

What is the probability there are at least two people in your class who have the same birthday? If you have at least 23 people in your class, the chances are good. Find out the maths behind this theory.

Video

Probability and the gambler's fallacy

Mathematician Lily Serna visits Luna Park to explain a great probability pitfall. She shares a century-old tale from Monte Carlo casino, and then she puts its lesson to the test. If you flip a coin and it lands on heads three times in a row, what result would you predict for the next flip? Find out why intuition might land ...

Video

Probability and the birthday paradox

Even when a maths problem seems simple – for example, the chance of two people sharing a birthday – the maths can run counter to our human intuition. Mathematician Lily Serna poses a maths problem to the Clovelly Bowling Club: how many people do you need to gather to get a 50 per cent chance of any two people in that group ...

Video

The probability of finding matching socks

Check out this probability puzzle that requires you to weigh all the possibilities. Pick the most likely outcome when confronted with a drawer full of loose, unpaired socks! How did Eric come up with a matching pair?

Online

Probability

This is a website designed for both teachers and students that addresses probability from the Australian Curriculum for year 7 students. It contains material on the language of probability, experiments and counting, and the probability of an event, and explains the mathematical use of the terms 'random' and 'randomly'. ...

Text

Thumb wrestling tournament

In this introductory activity students use a simple thumb-wrestling tournament to analyse a series of matches in which there can only be one victor. Students work in small groups to explore different ways of mapping out the events of a tournament, introducing the concept of constructing sample spaces and tree diagrams as ...

Interactive

Spinner

This is an interactive resource that investigates experimental and theoretical probability based on a spinner. The student can select the number of segments on the spinner and simulate spinning the spinner with a mouse click. The outcome of each trial is recorded in a table along with a comparison between the cumulative ...

Online

reSolve: Scrabble Stats

This sequence of lessons invites students to collect data about letter frequency in a variety of text sources. They use their findings to critically evaluate letter point values in Scrabble, compare them to historical values, create their own themed Scrabble point values and to decipher an encoded excerpt of text. Each ...

Online

Trade and Investment at a Glance

Using an illustrated report from the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, this Teacher guide provides ten learning sequences that engage students in the analysis and interpretation of data about Australian imports and exports. Students: identify Australia's major exports and imports; investigate international trade ...

Online

Australia's Trade through Time

Using an interactive timeline created by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, this Teacher guide provides 12 series of learning experiences that engage students in the analysis and interpretation of data about Australian trade from 1900 to the present day. Students study videos, tables, images and texts in order ...

Interactive

Racing game with one die

This is an interactive game that investigates probability by simulating a two-car race, in which the movements of the cars are based on the roll of a die. Cars advance when certain numbers are rolled, and the student can experiment with probability by selecting which car moves forward for a given outcome of the roll of ...

Online

Probability

This is a teacher resource for probability consisting of a website and a PDF with identical content. It contains an introduction to probability, a discussion of random procedures, a formal approach to events and event spaces and probability axioms, conditional probability and independence, and the laws of probability.

Text

Statistics games

This resource is a web page containing three dice games to explore chance. Each dice game has simple instructions to play the interactive strategy game. The games provide a useful way to investigate the chance of rolling a particular number after successive trials. This resource is one activity from the NRICH collection.

Online

Push your luck

This teaching resource outlines an introductory activity for students involving rolling two dice multiple times, adding the numerical value shown on the faces and recording the outcome using a tally sheet. The resource could be used by teachers to plan a class activity, or for students to carry out at home. The resource ...

Online

Introduction to probability

This is a website designed for both teachers and students in year 5, and addresses components of the probability topic. It is particularly relevant for discussing chance experiments where the probability of events is equally likely and for describing those events using fractions. There are pages for both teachers and students. ...

Online

Determining the probability of a good day for sowing cotton

This activity is a series of three related tasks that support the use of spreadsheets (Excel), Venn diagrams and two-way tables to develop an understanding of conditional probability when used to determine the probability of a farmer being able to sow a cotton crop. The activity is, based on real historical soil and air ...

Online

reSolve: Probability - Rock Paper Scissors

In this sequence of two lessons, students determine their chances of winning the game 'rock paper scissors', then test their chances by playing against another player and in a simulated game. Students look at the psychological aspect of the game and recognise that there is a strategy to increase your chance of winning. ...

Online

reSolve: Probability

This sequence of four lessons explores probability in real world situations including advertising, games and population sampling. Students calculate probabilities, represent probabilities as fractions, decimals and percentages, perform chance experiments with small and large sample sizes and graph their results, examine ...

Interactive

The vile vendor: go figure

This tutorial is suitable for use with a screen reader. It explains how the use of simple words can describe the likelihood of everyday events. How likely is an event: certain, likely, equal chance, unlikely or certainly not? Answer some sample questions using these words and then build your own examples. This learning ...

Interactive

The foul food maker: go figure

This tutorial is suitable for use with a screen reader. It explains how the use of simple words can describe the likelihood of everyday events. How likely is an event: certain, likely, equal chance, unlikely or certainly not? Answer some questions using these words and then build your own examples. Learn how to describe ...