Mathematics / Year 10 / Statistics and Probability / Data representation and interpretation

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Evaluate statistical reports in the media and other places by linking claims to displays, statistics and representative data (ACMSP253)

  • investigating the use of statistics in reports regarding the growth of Australia's trade with other countries of the Asia region
  • evaluating statistical reports comparing the life expectancy of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with that of the Australian population as a whole
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

Data representation,  Critical thinking

Teacher resource

A mathematical focus on 'Choose your own statistics'

This teaching resource demonstrates ways in which real data can be interpreted and analysed. It is based on the interactive learning resource Choose your own statistics, in which data is presented as infographics, graphical representations and tables. The focus of the supporting teaching and learning activities is on analysing ...

Interactive Resource

Choose your own statistics

Explore the way in which statistics are presented using a wide range of graphs types for ten topics related to human rights. Customise and publish graphs and download data to a spreadsheet program such as Excel to enable further exploration.


Child wellbeing

This is a web resource consisting of a database providing data on child wellbeing in OECD countries, including Australia. The 21 indicators used to measure child wellbeing are grouped into six categories: material wellbeing, housing and environment, educational wellbeing, health and safety, risky behaviours and quality ...

Interactive Resource

Tax, super and you

The 'Tax, super and you' website is designed for use by students in years 10 to 12 and their teachers. It includes four modules: Tax 101 is a general introduction, Your tax focuses on individuals, Business tax on companies and the final module explores the concept of superannuation. Six interactive resources accompany the ...


Sustainable agriculture: agri-environmental indicators

This is a web resource that provides a database of agri-environmental indicators for environmental performance of agriculture in OECD countries between 1990 and 2008. The data table can be customised, with options to view by country or by theme: land, energy, air, nutrients, soil, biodiversity, pesticides, water, farm management ...

Moving Image

Phantom statistic

This is a video about the importance of collecting statistics on the role of women in agriculture in developing countries. The video explains that gender-specific data is typically missing for several reasons including the survey methodology used to collect the data, and refers to specific examples where different methodologies ...

Teacher resource

Data representation and interpretation - years 9 and 10

This is a teacher resource describing a set of student activities based on temperature and rainfall data and climate graphs for a number of cities in the Asia region, including Australian cities. The activities focus on constructing graphs from climate data and interpreting climate graphs. The resource encourages students ...


Emissions of air pollutants (thousand tonnes)

This is a web resource consisting of a database of selected information on human-made emissions of traditional air pollutants - sulphur oxides, nitrogen oxides, particulate matter, carbon monoxide and volatile organic compounds - in OECD countries, including Australia, between 1990 and 2012. The data table can be customised, ...


Gender, institutions and development database, 2012 (GID-DB)

This is a web resource consisting of a database of comparative data on discriminatory social institutions related to gender inequality for 21 countries in 2012. The database includes the 14 variables of the 2012 Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI), and the overall rankings and scores for the SIGI and its sub-indices: ...


Gross domestic product per capita: breakdown into components

This is a web resource consisting of a database providing data for gross domestic product (GDP) per capita for 39 countries including Australia in 2011, and a breakdown into its components including GDP per hour worked and hours worked per head of population. A comparison with US data shows differences in labour utilisation, ...


Green growth indicators

This is a web resource consisting of a database of selected indicators for monitoring progress towards green growth in OECD countries, including Australia, and BRIICS economies - Brazil, Russian Federation, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa - from 1990 to 2012. The indicators are based on environmental and resource ...

Teacher resource

Population mathematics

This is a web resource that includes four student activities on data interpretation focusing on life expectancy and population clocks as mathematical models, accompanied by a teacher guide for each activity. Activities include world- and country-specific population clocks, a comparison of life expectancy for Aboriginal ...

Interactive resource

Graph investigator: types of graphs

This learning object shows a variety of graphs used in data handling and explains their features, their different uses and their advantages. Graph types include stem-and-leaf plots, histogram, box-and-whisker, scatter plot, pie graph, line graph and column graph. This learning object is one in a series of seven objects. ...

Interactive resource

Graph investigator: homework hours

Does the average number of hours spent on homework increase with year level? Select the appropriate data sets and choose a useful graph type to investigate this question. See the data presented in the chosen graph type and draw a conclusion about this question. Explore different graph types such as scatter plots, line graphs ...


The First Fleet - dataset

The dataset provides information about 780 of the convicts transported to Australia on the First Fleet ships 'Alexander', 'Charlotte', 'Lady Penrhyn', 'Friendship', 'Prince of Wales' and 'Scarborough' in 1788. The dataset includes information on items such as the convict's name, occupation, crime, date of trial and term ...

Interactive Resource

Gapminder world

This is an interactive resource featuring an animated scatter plot displaying the development of over 200 countries between 1800 and 2011 based on data for two variables, the default being income per person and life expectancy, with population size represented by the size of the plotted points (bubbles). The graph has a ...

Interactive Resource

The Numberline

An interactive tool that can help students explore a number line, including points representing integers, fractions and decimals


Motion and forces

This collection of 15 digital curriculum resources is organised in three categories - measuring motion; effects of forces; and friction. The collection includes learning objects that demonstrate how motion can be represented and recorded, as well as investigating the forces that influence it. Graphical techniques are frequently ...

Interactive resource

Graph investigator

Explore different graph types such as scatter plots, line graphs and histograms. Choose questions to investigate. For example, do girls have faster reaction times than boys? Select the appropriate data set. Then choose a useful graph type. Examine the data presented in the chosen graph type and draw a conclusion about the ...

Interactive resource

EagleCat: motion graphs

Investigate distance–time and velocity–time graphs by changing position, speed and acceleration.

Teacher resource

Life expectancy PowerPoint

This teacher resource is a PowerPoint presentation designed to address common student misunderstandings about life expectancy. It emphasises that life expectancy is an average, that most people live for much longer or shorter than their life expectancy and that, when life expectancy is low, it is mostly because of a very ...

Teacher resource

Secondary mathematics: using real data

These seven learning activities, which focus on the use of 'real data' using a variety of tools (software) and devices (hardware), illustrate the ways in which content, pedagogy and technology can be successfully and effectively integrated in order to promote learning. In the activities, teachers use the three content strands ...