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History / Year 10 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding / Overview of the modern world and Australia

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

the inter-war years between World War I and World War II, including the Treaty of Versailles, the Roaring Twenties and the Great Depression (ACOKFH018)

  • recognising the main features of the Treaty of Versailles (for example, territorial concessions required by Germany and the imposition of war reparations)
  • outlining key features of the interwar years (for example, mass production in the 1920s, such as the manufacture of vehicles in the US; the ‘flapper generation’ and the Jazz Age; the Crash of 1929; and the consequences of the Great Depression)
ScOT terms

Economic growth,  Treaties,  Modern history,  Armistice,  Financial crises,  Economic depressions

Interactive Resource

What house is that?

This is an interactive streetscape of nine houses, each from a different era and of different styles. They represent the nine main housing styles in Victoria. Information about each of the houses includes: features and style; the Architect; designers; historical observations; house owners; and general social history of ...


Repat and Rabbits: WW1 soldier settlement in the ACT

This site provides a collection of documents, guides and information to support research on the Australia's Soldier Settlement Scheme that was implemented the end of World War 1. Soldier Settlement Schemes were established in all states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), now the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). ...


Biodiversity and farming for a healthy planet

This is a digital resource containing information and resources, such as printable games, that relate to biodiversity and farming, and how food and materials can be produced while protecting the Earth's natural resources. It includes an extensive glossary of important terms, and external links to teacher and student resources ...

Interactive Resource

Gapminder world

This is an interactive resource featuring an animated scatter plot displaying the development of over 200 countries between 1800 and 2011 based on data for two variables, the default being income per person and life expectancy, with population size represented by the size of the plotted points (bubbles). The graph has a ...

Teacher resource

Teacher's guide: 200 years that changed the world

This is a teacher resource explaining how to use an animated scatter plot from Gapminder world in the context of a presentation to students about global development over the past 200 years. The resource consists of a step-by-step guide to making effective use of the scatter plot, which represents the development in wealth ...


Data in Gapminder world

This resource is a dataset providing data for a number of indicators of development over time for more than 200 countries. The indicators fall into the following categories: population, health, economy, environment, work, infrastructure, energy and education, with over 500 sets of data in total. Each set of data can be ...

Interactive resource

Discovering democracy: the wealth of a nation

Interact with a slideshow of images and text to examine the stages in Australia’s economic growth in the last half of the 19th century. Explore the kinds of industries from which Australia gained its wealth and the role of these industries in developing an independent nation. Review the effects that natural disasters (such ...

Moving Image

Holden, the 'all-Australian car'

What made Holden cars symbols of Australia during the 1950s, 60s and 70s? During this period, more than any other vehicle, the Holden came to reflect changing lifestyles in Australia, and helped to define for many what it meant to be 'Australian'. Find out the impact that generations of Holden vehicles have had on the lives ...


A sustenance project camp in the forest, 1930s

This is a black-and-white photograph, taken by C R Gotts most probably in the 1930s, showing a makeshift tent camp in a cleared forest near Melbourne. The camp was built to accommodate men employed by the Melbourne Metropolitan Board of Works in sustenance work during the Great Depression. The photograph measures 13.4 cm ...

Interactive resource

Norman Dean: Great Depression

Make a storyboard for a documentary film about the Great Depression in Australia. Examine a series of photos and descriptions of life during the Great Depression. Explore the Depression's impact on unemployment, housing, poverty levels, family life and health. Choose images linking personal stories, lifestyle changes and ...


Boulton and Watt steam engine, 1785

This is a Boulton and Watt steam engine, a double-acting beam type made of cast and wrought iron. It was made by the firm of Boulton and Watt in Birmingham, England, in 1785. It was used at Whitbread's Brewery in London between 1785 and 1887.

Moving Image

Placating Billy Hughes in the Treaty of Versailles

When Australian Prime Minister Billy Hughes joined World War I victors at the Palace of Versailles to determine the future of the post-war world, would he seek a lasting peace, or revenge and compensation for his country's losses? US President Woodrow Wilson, an idealist, wanted self-determination for the world's peoples, ...

Teacher resource

The Great Depression - Teacher idea

This Teacher idea describes how students explored a range of digital and other resources to develop their understanding of the Depression and its effects in Australia. It includes a unit of work developed and trialled by a teacher.


Jessie Street

This is a rich resource about Jessie Street ('Red Jessie'), Australia's most prominent female lobbyist and human rights activist of the mid 20th century. Developed by the National Archives of Australia, the resource consists of a historical essay by Lenore Coltheart illustrated by a collection of archival documents and ...


Gold rush in the West, 2007

Gold, more than any other single factor, transformed the Australian colonies. 'Gold rush in the West' is an excerpt from 'Pipe dreams' (55 min), the second episode of a three-part series entitled 'Constructing Australia', produced in 2007. Politics, tragedy and conquest combine in stories behind the building of Australia. ...

Interactive Resource

Treasures of American history - online exhibition

This is an online exhibition showing the objects, artefacts and images that make up some of the treasures of US history. The treasures shown in this exhibition document eight of the challenging situations and issues that have helped to shape the USA. Topics include: revolution and the new nation; slavery; western expansion; ...


'Cave dwellers near Kernell, New South Wales, 1930s'

This black-and-white photograph shows a family living in a cliff-face cave dwelling on the Kurnell Peninsula on the southern shores of Botany Bay in Sydney during the Great Depression. A man is seated in the foreground, and two women sit on the beds. The younger woman is nursing an infant in her arms.


Connie Gibson remembers the Great Depression

This is a sound recording, made in 2000-01, in which Mrs Connie Gibson recalls hearing the news that she and her husband had lost everything when the Bank of New South Wales collapsed. She describes sitting at breakfast with friends just after her honeymoon, when one of the friends informed her husband Bill that the bank ...


'Banish the budget blues' sheet music cover, 1930

This is the front cover of the song sheet for 'Banish the budget blues' by Jack Lumsdaine, printed in blue, red and pink and priced at 2 two shillings. An article from The Daily Guardian is used as an image. The headlines are partly obscured, but relate to taxation issues. They are: 'Tariff is more than ...', 'Huge increases ...


For Love or Money, 1983: Equal pay paradox

This clip shows scenes that illustrate the story of women's work in Australia during the Great Depression. At that time women were able to find work, particularly piecework, because employers could pay them lower wages than men. Film of women working in tobacco factories, canneries, restaurants, a food production line and ...