History / Year 10 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding / Overview of the modern world and Australia

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

the inter-war years between World War I and World War II, including the Treaty of Versailles, the Roaring Twenties and the Great Depression (ACOKFH018)

  • recognising the main features of the Treaty of Versailles (for example, territorial concessions required by Germany and the imposition of war reparations)
  • outlining key features of the interwar years (for example, mass production in the 1920s, such as the manufacture of vehicles in the US; the ‘flapper generation’ and the Jazz Age; the Crash of 1929; and the consequences of the Great Depression)
ScOT terms

Economic growth,  Treaties,  Modern history,  Armistice,  Financial crises,  Economic depressions

Interactive Resource

What house is that?

This is an interactive streetscape of nine houses, each from a different era and of different styles. They represent the nine main housing styles in Victoria. Information about each of the houses includes: features and style; the Architect; designers; historical observations; house owners; and general social history of ...


Repat and Rabbits: WW1 soldier settlement in the ACT

This site provides a collection of documents, guides and information to support research on the Australia's Soldier Settlement Scheme that was implemented the end of World War 1. Soldier Settlement Schemes were established in all states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), now the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). ...


Biodiversity and farming for a healthy planet

This is a digital resource containing information and resources, such as printable games, that relate to biodiversity and farming, and how food and materials can be produced while protecting the Earth's natural resources. It includes an extensive glossary of important terms, and external links to teacher and student resources ...

Interactive Resource

Gapminder world

This is an interactive resource featuring an animated scatter plot displaying the development of over 200 countries between 1800 and 2011 based on data for two variables, the default being income per person and life expectancy, with population size represented by the size of the plotted points (bubbles). The graph has a ...

Interactive resource

Norman Dean: Great Depression

Make a storyboard for a documentary film about the Great Depression in Australia. Examine a series of photos and descriptions of life during the Great Depression. Explore the Depression's impact on unemployment, housing, poverty levels, family life and health. Choose images linking personal stories, lifestyle changes and ...


Great Depression in Australia

This collection of 23 digital curriculum resources is organised into three categories - economic policies during the Great Depression; the unemployed; and the effects of the Great Depression on Australian families. The effects of the Great Depression were felt in Australia from 1929 until the outbreak of the Second World ...


Boulton and Watt steam engine, 1785

This is a Boulton and Watt steam engine, a double-acting beam type made of cast and wrought iron. It was made by the firm of Boulton and Watt in Birmingham, England, in 1785. It was used at Whitbread's Brewery in London between 1785 and 1887.


Snowy Mountains Scheme, 1989

This clip looks at the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme, which remains one of the greatest engineering feats in the world today. The clip is an excerpt from the documentary 'The Snowy: a dream of growing up', a Film Australia National Interest Program produced in 1989 in association with the Australian Broadcasting ...

Interactive resource

Discovering democracy: the wealth of a nation

Interact with a slideshow of images and text to examine the stages in Australia’s economic growth in the last half of the 19th century. Explore the kinds of industries from which Australia gained its wealth and the role of these industries in developing an independent nation. Review the effects that natural disasters (such ...

Moving Image

Holden, the 'all-Australian car'

What made Holden cars symbols of Australia during the 1950s, 60s and 70s? During this period, more than any other vehicle, the Holden came to reflect changing lifestyles in Australia, and helped to define for many what it meant to be 'Australian'. Find out the impact that generations of Holden vehicles have had on the lives ...

Teacher resource

Teacher's guide: 200 years that changed the world

This is a teacher resource explaining how to use an animated scatter plot from Gapminder world in the context of a presentation to students about global development over the past 200 years. The resource consists of a step-by-step guide to making effective use of the scatter plot, which represents the development in wealth ...


Data in Gapminder world

This resource is a dataset providing data for a number of indicators of development over time for more than 200 countries. The indicators fall into the following categories: population, health, economy, environment, work, infrastructure, energy and education, with over 500 sets of data in total. Each set of data can be ...

Moving Image

How was the modern world created?

This 11 minute video in two parts offers an overview of the three forces of change in the past 100 years which helped create the modern world. Part 1 looks at how the three drivers of change - global exchange networks, competitive markets and increasing use of energy - began to operate with more and more power. Part 2 looks ...


End of the First World War and its aftermath in Australia, 1918-39

This is a collection of resources about the Armistice, the Treaty of Versailles and the aftermath of the First World War for Australians. It is introduced by the decoded cablegram seen here notifying the Australian prime minister that an armistice had been signed to halt hostilities. The cablegram is part of an online showcase ...


Feeding the unemployed during the Depression

This is a silent black-and-white film clip of unemployed men receiving cups of tea and food parcels from volunteer women charity workers in Melbourne during the Great Depression. A close-up of tea being poured is followed by a pan across men seated in rows and drinking the tea.


First Australians, episode 7: We are no longer shadows, 2008

This resource features three clips from the television series First Australians. The clips focus on Eddie 'Koiki' Mabo's land claim. The first clip describes the background to his struggle for land rights and its context in the civil rights movement; the second highlights Queensland legislation to try to block the claim ...


Connie Gibson remembers the Great Depression

This is a sound recording, made in 2000-01, in which Mrs Connie Gibson recalls hearing the news that she and her husband had lost everything when the Bank of New South Wales collapsed. She describes sitting at breakfast with friends just after her honeymoon, when one of the friends informed her husband Bill that the bank ...

Teacher resource

The Great Depression - Teacher idea

This Teacher idea describes how students explored a range of digital and other resources to develop their understanding of the Depression and its effects in Australia. It includes a unit of work developed and trialled by a teacher.


Gold rush in the West, 2007

Gold, more than any other single factor, transformed the Australian colonies. 'Gold rush in the West' is an excerpt from 'Pipe dreams' (55 min), the second episode of a three-part series entitled 'Constructing Australia', produced in 2007. Politics, tragedy and conquest combine in stories behind the building of Australia. ...


'Migrant mother', 1936

This is one of the most famous photographs of the Great Depression in the USA. It shows Florence Owens Thompson aged 32 huddled together with three of her seven children (the baby is obscured). The family as a whole are described in the Library of Congress catalogue as 'migrant' (ie itinerant) pea pickers in California ...