History / Year 10 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding / Overview of the modern world and Australia

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

the nature of the Cold War and Australia’s involvement in Cold War and post-Cold War conflicts (Korea, Vietnam, The Gulf Wars, Afghanistan), including the rising influence of Asian nations since the end of the Cold War (ACOKFH023)

Elaborations
  • identifying the Cold War superpowers as well as the significance of the Cuban Missile Crisis and the fall of the Berlin Wall
  • outlining the competing ideologies of capitalism and communism, the US as the world’s last remaining superpower, and the rising influence of China and India (economic and political)
General capabilities
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

War,  Contemporary world,  Superpowers,  Cold War

Interactive

Making a Nation: changing the Constitution

This interactive resource looks at the creation of the Australian Constitution and then explores the process used to change it - referendum. Information on several referendums is presented (1910, 1937, 1967, 1984) but, in a case study, students investigate the 1951 anti-communism referendum in more detail. The seven activities ...

Interactive

Invictus Games Sydney 2018 – HSIE – Stage 5

This module, The modern world and Australia – Australia's involvement in recent conflict, explores Australia's involvement in contemporary conflict and peacekeeping missions, the role of service personnel through time and stories of contemporary service personnel who are competing in the Invictus Games Sydney 2018. This ...

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Sukarno's collaboration with Japan during WW II

Imagine that, in order to preserve your freedom, you had to fight alongside your enemy. During World War II, Indonesian nationalists - led by Sukarno - collaborated with Japanese invaders. Richard Oxenburgh's commentary provides a well-argued historical explanation for Sukarno's collaboration with the Japanese in Indonesia.

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Fighting conscription, 1966

What would you do If your government tried to force you to fight in what you believed to be an unjust war? Conscription (compulsory military service) was instated in Australia in 1964. From 1965 to 1972, Australian troops, including conscripts, were sent to the Vietnam War. Listen to US President Johnson encouraging Australians ...

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Japan enters World War II

The Japanese bombing of the American naval base at Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941 caught the USA, Britain and their allies by surprise, as did the rapid progress of Japanese forces through Southeast Asia. This British Movietone newsreel captures Great Britain's response to Japan's sudden entry into World War II.

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Military success for WW II Allies in North Africa

In August 1940, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini ordered the invasion of Egypt. His plan was, in part, to take control of the Suez Canal and the rich oil fields that lay beyond. In December 1940, Allied forces launched a successful counterattack, recapturing the fortified town of Sidi Barrani and pushing on to Tobruk in ...

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Surrender: the only option for the Son of Heaven

The Japanese surrender at the end of World War II was preceded by a heavy bombing campaign by the Allied forces, culminating in the use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Germany had already surrendered, and with the devastation wrought on his country, it was inevitable that Japan's Emperor Hirohito would follow ...

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Turning young civilians into regular soldiers

Australia was not the only country to debate the issue of conscription. This Movietone newsreel from the late 1930s shows Great Britain considering the merits of conscripting young men into the armed services.

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What Australia wants is alliance with Britain!

In this Movietone clip from the 1930s, former Prime Minister William 'Billy' Hughes argues that Australia must maintain 'unity and strength' with the British Empire.

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Bravery under fire: Australian war nurses

Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS) nurses were ordered to leave Singapore in the days before the city fell to Japanese forces, a critical phase in World War II. The ship on which the nurses travelled came under fire and many were killed while attending to wounded soldiers and passengers. In this newsreel, listen to ...

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Building the atomic bomb

The use of atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki hastened the surrender of Japan, bringing World War II to an end. The bombs killed more than 100,000 people immediately, while thousands more died of starvation, disease and radioactive exposure in the ensuing months. This US newsreel footage from 1945 presents ...

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Placating Billy Hughes in the Treaty of Versailles

When Australian Prime Minister Billy Hughes joined World War I victors at the Palace of Versailles to determine the future of the post-war world, would he seek a lasting peace, or revenge and compensation for his country's losses? US President Woodrow Wilson, an idealist, wanted self-determination for the world's peoples, ...

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End-of-war celebrations, Sydney, 1945

Have you ever wondered what the end of World War II meant to Australians in 1945? Discover what it was like for those on the streets of Sydney just an hour after the announcement that war in the Pacific was over. Listen to ABC reporter Talbot Duckmanton describe the scenes of jubilation as he broadcasts live from the ABC's ...

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John le Carré: the Berlin Wall

Imagine the impact of a wall built to divide a city in two: on one side communist East Berlin, on the other the democratic West. Acclaimed spy writer John le Carré witnessed the construction of the Berlin Wall, an icon of the Cold War. Listen to his recollections of this extraordinary event in modern history.

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Australian Women's Land Army

Have you heard of the Australian Women's Land Army? See if you can find out more about this inspiring organisation and about the work they performed during World War II.

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Repat and Rabbits: WW1 soldier settlement in the ACT

This site provides a collection of documents, guides and information to support research on the Australia's Soldier Settlement Scheme that was implemented the end of World War 1. Soldier Settlement Schemes were established in all states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), now the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). ...

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Objects through timeline: 50,000 years before present

This is a 26-page fact sheet that provides a comprehensive overview of migration to Australia from the first arrival of humans to 2006. It includes details about the major waves of international and internal migration, key events and policies, and individuals and groups that have made significant contributions to the development ...

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Weather and war: the Kokoda Trail, 1942

The Kokoda Campaign was tough. The terrain was steep, the vegetation dense and the enemy close at hand and unseen. And then there was the weather! In this clip from the Weather Quarter, find out how the weather in the winter of 1942 influenced the outcome of one of Australia's most challenging military operations.

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Public reactions to sending troops to Vietnam War

Do you think Australian governments have always acted wisely when deciding to send young Australians to wars? Does the public usually know enough to support such decisions? On 29 April 1965, Australia's prime minister, Robert Menzies, announced the decision to send Australian troops to fight in Vietnam. In this clip, filmed ...

Interactive

Gallipoli: The First Day - app for iPad

Experience the events of the first day of the Gallipoli Campaign. Watch dramatic recreations of key moments in the battle of the first day. View 3D models of hardware, listen to diaries and view profiles of ANZAC and Turkish soldiers. Listen as expert commentators discuss the events of the first day in detail, and how the ...