Science / Year 3 / Science as a Human Endeavour / Nature and development of science

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Science involves making predictions and describing patterns and relationships (ACSHE050)

Elaborations
  • making predictions about change and events in our environment
  • researching how knowledge of astronomy has been used by some Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
  • considering how posing questions helps us plan for the future
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Predictions (Science),  Patterns,  Causality

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Earth rotation: night and day

Watch an animation of the Earth rotating in space showing day and night, the equinox where locations on Earth experience close to equal hours of daytime and night-time (12 hours) and views of the Earth from above the North and South Poles. Turn an animated model of the Earth to explore how rotation is related to night and ...

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Melting moments

This is an extensive teaching unit focused on learning, through a collaborative, inquiry-based approach, how a solid is affected by heating and a liquid by cooling. It includes comprehensive lesson plans, as well as student handouts and other teaching resources, for seven structured lessons that form an integrated sequence ...

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Night and day

This comprehensive teacher resource explores how the Earth’s rotation on its axis causes regular changes, including night and day, using a series of collaborative inquiry-based learning activities. The sizes, shapes, positions and movements of the Sun, Earth and Moon are investigated, and shadow changes throughout the day ...

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Feathers, fur or leaves

This is an extensive teaching unit focused on learning, through a collaborative, inquiry-based approach, how to distinguish living and non-living things as well as how to classify living things. It includes comprehensive lesson plans, as well as student handouts and other teaching resources, for seven structured lessons ...

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Heating up

This comprehensive teacher resource explores different types of heat sources and how heat moves from one object to another, through a series of collaborative inquiry-based learning activities. Primary heat sources (that transform different energy sources to heat) and secondary sources (that transfer heat they have accumulated) ...

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Light and shadows

Look at how a tree makes a shadow during a sunny day. Notice that objects always casts shadows that face away from the Sun. Examine how the shape and position of a shadow is related to the time of day and position of the Sun. Explore the shadows cast by different objects such as a bike, an umbrella and a child. Position ...

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Pushing and pulling

Move animals from a boat to their new home in a zoo. Put them on a cart, then use monkeys to push or pull them up a hill. Use the minimum amount of force needed to move each animal. For example, use a single monkey to push a pelican or use three monkeys to pull a zebra. This learning object is a combination of three objects ...

Interactive resource

Light and shadows: casting shadows

Look at how a tree makes a shadow during a sunny day. Notice that objects always casts shadows that face away from the Sun. Examine how the shape and position of a shadow is related to the time of day and position of the Sun. Explore the shadows cast by different objects such as a bike, an umbrella and a child. Position ...

Assessment resource

Light and shadows: assessment

Test your understanding of shadows. Complete 12 tasks about how shadows change during the day. For example, match the shadow cast by a tree to the position of the Sun. View and print a report on your work.

Interactive resource

Light and shadows: matching shadows

Look at how a tree makes a shadow during a sunny day. Notice that objects always casts shadows that face away from the Sun. Examine how the shape and position of a shadow is related to the time of day and position of the Sun. Match the shadows cast by different objects such as a bike, an umbrella and a child. Complete pictures ...

Teacher resource

Producing and transferring heat

Students categorise and identify the source of heat production from a range of household items. Methods of heat transfer, including the heat from the Sun, are investigated with activities such as building a solar oven. The video resources provide a safe and easily accessible means of providing demonstrations of producing ...

Moving Image

Temperature changes the properties of a substance

Substances that are very cold have different properties to substances that are hot. Watch as the Surfing Scientist uses hot and cold water, food colouring and a fish tank to demonstrate what happens when water at different temperatures is mixed together.

Interactive resource

Electromagnetism: electromagnet basics

Explore the parts of an electromagnet circuit. Test objects made of different materials to find out whether they are affected by magnetic fields. For example, discover whether a rubber band is deflected by the field of an electromagnet. This learning object is one of three learning objects in the same series.

Teacher resource

Looking to the Moon

Use these tasks and resources to investigate how the Earth rotates and how its rotation affects what we see in the sky, in particular the views of the moon. Students explore the relative position and rotation of the moon to the Earth and use this to investigate why we only see one side of the moon.

Interactive Resource

Sustainability action process: Biodiversity (Years 3–6)

This resource guides students through an extended school-based or local investigation focussed on biodiversity using the five step sustainability action process. The resource supports the investigation of a real-world issue or problem. Students develop and implement a chosen sustainability action and then evaluate and reflect ...

Interactive resource

Sound

Investigate how musical instruments make a range of notes. Relate the sounds made by panpipes to pipe length. Relate the sound made by a bongo drum to skin size and tension. Relate the sound made by a guitar to string thickness, length and tension. Answer questions about the parts of each instrument and their relationship ...

Interactive Resource

How does your garden grow?

This Stage 2 resource grew from a conversation between young students questioning why they could still buy grapes if they were out of season. This wondering led to a discussion around when we grow certain fruit and vegetables. The original stimulus was extended to cover planting for the seasons and factors that influence ...

Moving Image

Aboriginal astronomy

Many ancient cultures studied the night sky, and we know this because it is reflected in some of the earliest stories we have on record. Learn about one of these stories in this video. Other than the Dreamtime stories, what other evidence might there be that the Aboriginal people studied the stars?

Teacher resource

What's cooking

This is a resource for teachers about students conducting an investigation to compare two cups of tea, one made from solar-heated water and the other made from boiling water. The resource provides a summary of the student investigation and a link to a lesson plan. The lesson plan includes: student learning objectives; materials ...

Teacher resource

The penguin project: Connected Learning Experience (CLE)

This CLE investigates heat transfer and heat insulators. Students explore these concepts through the context of Emperor penguins who huddle together to reduce heat lost from their bodies to the surrounding cold air. This CLE provides teachers with two inquiry-based investigations supported by a teaching and learning plan, ...