Science / Year 4 / Science as a Human Endeavour / Nature and development of science

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Science involves making predictions and describing patterns and relationships (ACSHE061)

Elaborations
  • exploring ways in which scientists gather evidence for their ideas and develop explanations
  • considering how scientific practices such as sorting, classification and estimation are used by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in everyday life
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Predictions (Science),  Patterns,  Causality

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Beneath our feet

This is an extensive teaching unit focused on learning, through a collaborative inquiry-based approach, how natural processes change Earth's surface. It includes comprehensive lesson plans, as well as student handouts and other teaching resources, for eight structured lessons that form an integrated sequence based on the ...

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Material world

This comprehensive teacher resource explores a range of physical properties of natural and processed materials, including decomposition, absorbency and tensile strength, through a series of collaborative inquiry-based learning activities. Links are made between properties of materials and their use, and an investigation ...

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Plants in action

This comprehensive teacher resource explores the life cycle of flowering plants, incorporating the process of germination, the stages in a plant's life cycle and what plants need for growth. These are investigated using a series of collaborative inquiry-based learning activities, culminating in a student planned investigation ...

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Smooth moves

This is an extensive teaching unit focused on learning, through a collaborative, inquiry-based approach, how contact and non-contact forces can affect the motion of an object. It includes comprehensive lesson plans, as well as student handouts and other teaching resources, for seven structured lessons that form an integrated ...

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Package it better

This comprehensive teacher resource explores the properties of packaging materials and relevant shapes to provide strength of packaging using a series of collaborative inquiry-based learning activities. It links science and technology through a design and test scenario based on developing a package that will safely deliver ...

Teacher resource

Living and non-living things

This is a unit designed to help students gain understanding of environmental biodiversity through the examination of living and non-living things in a local environment. Students examine and compare familiar ecological areas and study the life stages of living things. They explore factors that affect living things within ...

Teacher resource

Transfer of heat

This is a unit of work designed to help students understand the transfer of heat between objects and apply this knowledge in their everyday lives. Students participate in activities to explore modes of heat transfer and investigate how conductors and insulators affect heat transfer. They examine familiar contexts of heat ...

Teacher resource

Shaping the Earth's surface

This is a unit designed to help students understand the natural and artificial process that shapes the Earth's surface over time and how this has relevance in their own lives. Students gain understanding of how the surface of the Earth changes due to the natural processes of weathering and erosion by exploring how these ...

Interactive resource

Electromagnetism: electromagnet basics

Explore the parts of an electromagnet circuit. Test objects made of different materials to find out whether they are affected by magnetic fields. For example, discover whether a rubber band is deflected by the field of an electromagnet. This learning object is one of three learning objects in the same series.

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Among the gum trees

This comprehensive teacher resource focuses on the biology of eucalyptus trees. Students identify eucalyptus trees in their local environments and explore the life cycle of eucalypts, including germinating their own collected seeds. They investigate how eucalyptus trees form part of a complex ecosystem and research the ...

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Make it alive: spotted tree frogs

Investigate the stream habitat of the endangered spotted tree frog. Discover what these frogs eat in the developing stages of their life. Find enough food so the frogs develop from the tadpole stage through to adulthood. Help the tadpoles escape from predatory fish such as the introduced rainbow trout. Search for safe places ...

Teacher resource

Where would we be without bees?

This inquiry sequence investigates the importance of bees in the natural world and how living things depend on each other and the environment to survive. Students are also provided with activities to investigate the life cycle and food chains of a range of animals including bees.

Teacher resource

Friction is all around us

The video clip ‘The magic of friction’ provides an opportunity for students to gain an appreciation of, and insight into, frictional forces. Students undertake an experiment with a toy car to explore how the motion of the car is affected by varying the surface of the car’s wheels. Additional resources are available to investigate ...

Interactive Resource

All about eggs: To lay or not to lay

This interactive lesson describes the structure of a chicken egg and the factors affecting the production and reproduction of that egg. Students also learn how animals can be grouped into categories based on their physical features and survival needs and cause and effect factors in relation to animal welfare and the supply ...

Image

Gooniyandi seasons calendar

This is the Mingayooroo - Manyi Waranggiri Yarrangi, Gooniyandi seasons calendar developed by people of the Gooniyandi language group of the Kimberley in collaboration with CSIRO. The resource consists of an introduction, a richly illustrated calendar and related links. The introduction contains information about the people’s ...

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Magnetic moves

This comprehensive teacher resource focuses on exploring magnetic forces. Students investigate how magnetic forces apply to objects over a distance, examine what materials can be pulled with a magnet and how friction affects the movement of objects being pulled by a magnet. They explore how two magnets can repel each other, ...

Interactive resource

Sound

Investigate how musical instruments make a range of notes. Relate the sounds made by panpipes to pipe length. Relate the sound made by a bongo drum to skin size and tension. Relate the sound made by a guitar to string thickness, length and tension. Answer questions about the parts of each instrument and their relationship ...

Teacher resource

Magnetism and electrostatics: Connected Learning Experience (CLE)

This Connected Learning Experience investigates how non-contact forces such as magnetism and electrostatic electricity can move objects without directly touching them. This CLE provides teachers with two inquiry-based investigations (and five activity stations) supported by a teaching and learning plan, background information ...

Teacher resource

Classroom Antarctica: Antarctic animal life cycles

This is a learning sequence exploring the life cycles of six Antarctic animals and comparing their life stages and development. A story plan template is provided to guide the creation of student stories. The activities are supported by resources sourced from the Australian Antarctic Divisions' scientific and environmental ...

Interactive resource

Sound: pipes

Investigate how a musical instrument makes a range of notes. Relate the sounds made by panpipes to pipe length. Answer questions about the pipes and their relationship to the sound produced. For example, if a pipe is short, will it produce a higher pitch? This learning object is one in a series of four objects. Three objects ...