Close message Scootle will stop supporting resources that use the Adobe Flash plug-in from 18 Dec 2020. Learning paths that include these resources will have alerts to notify teachers and students that one or more of the resources will be unavailable. Click here for more info.

Science / Year 5 / Science as a Human Endeavour / Nature and development of science

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Science involves testing predictions by gathering data and using evidence to develop explanations of events and phenomena and reflects historical and cultural contributions (ACSHE081)

  • developing an understanding of the behaviour of light by making observations of its effects
  • testing predictions relating to the behaviour of solids, liquids and gases by conducting observational experiments
  • researching how scientists were able to develop ideas about the solar system through the gathering of evidence through space exploration
  • describing how scientists from a range of cultures have improved our understanding of the solar system, such as Copernicus, Khayyám and Galileo
  • researching the different types of scientists who work in teams in space exploration, and Australias involvement in space exploration
  • learning how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples used observation of the night sky to assist with navigation
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Predictions (Science),  Data collection,  Explanations (Scientific inquiry)

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: What's the matter?

This comprehensive teacher resource explores the properties of solids, liquids and gases through a series of collaborative inquiry-based learning activities. Students are supported to plan and conduct an investigation of whether the observable properties of materials change with temperature. Seven structured lessons are ...

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Light Shows

This comprehensive teacher resource explores the properties of light through a series of collaborative inquiry-based learning activities. Reflection, absorption and refraction of light, and consideration of how humans use light, are investigated using hands-on activities. Eight structured lessons are included, with comprehensive ...

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Wild ride: get a grip

Investigate the role of friction in performance of bicycle tyres. Test how the type of tread affects grip and speed. Choose tyres best suited to track and weather conditions in a time trial. This learning object is one in a series of four objects.

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Desert survivors

This comprehensive teacher resource explores how the structural features and adaptations of desert plants and animals help them to survive in their own natural environment through a series of collaborative inquiry-based learning activities. Comparisons are made with plants and animals that live in other environments and ...

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Earth's place in space

This is an extensive teaching unit focused on learning, through a collaborative, inquiry-based approach, how celestial motion affects days, months and years, and how our solar system works. It includes comprehensive lesson plans, as well as student handouts and other teaching resources, for seven structured lessons that ...

Teacher resource

Exploring light

This sequence of tasks and resources investigates light including how light is absorbed, reflected and refracted. Activities include looking at how a telescope uses light, and how light travelling through, or reflected from, surfaces can create illusions, images and shadows. The interactive resource ‘Optics and images’ ...

Teacher resource

Animal and plant adaptations

What makes an organism suited to a particular environment? View a range of animals and plants to investigate adaptations that improve their chance of survival. Link the adaptation which might be an external structure, an internal structure or an exhibited behaviour to its function (purpose). Explore strategies of migration ...

Interactive resource

Wild ride: on a roll

Investigate the role of physical forces in how bicycle wheels work. Test how wheel size, tyre pressure, tread and load affect rolling resistance. Then choose wheels best suited to track conditions in a time trial. This learning object is one in a series of four objects.

Teacher resource

Indigenous Astronomy and the Solar System

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people maintain detailed knowledge systems about objects in the Solar System, including the Sun, Moon, planets, comets, and meteors. These traditions show how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people carefully observe the movements of celestial object, explain their motions, and ...

Moving Image

Change of state: liquid to gas

Substances exist in different states depending on the temperature. Watch the Surfing Scientist have a popping good time as he demonstrates this phenomenon. Don't forget to block your ears!

Moving Image

Using a lens to bend light

How can a water-filled plastic straw be used to decode a secret message? Watch as the Surfing Scientist demonstrates how lenses with a curved surface do curious things to light.

Teacher resource

Solids, liquids and gases

This is a unit of work designed to help students increase their understanding of solids, liquids and gases, and examines in detail the observable properties and behaviours of gas. Students use this learning to help them classify different substances and identify ways in which gases are used in their everyday lives. Additional ...

Teacher resource

Heating and cooling

Students explore the properties of solids, liquids and gases, with a particular focus on the properties of air. Students investigate how heating and cooling may or may not change the state of a particular substance. The tasks allow students to articulate their thinking and record ideas.

Moving Image

Rockets, Mars, Space Shuttles and Space Stations

<span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">Discover how space exploration has developed over the years. Find out about different space missions and experiments, and a range of spacecraft from the early probes to more complex shuttles. Where do you think space exploration might take us in the future?</span>

Teacher resource


This set of resources introduces students to the concepts of structural and behavioural adaptations for both plants and animals. Video resources enable students to view the unique adaptive features of a range of animals or plants and explore the benefits of such features.

Interactive Resource

Macrobiotica – science @ the lakes

In this resource students work as scientists while exploring their local environment in the real world of scientific endeavour. Games and animations are used to model the real experience of investigating a freshwater lake. This version of the Macrobiotica resource has been modified for Internet use by removing Teaching ...

Interactive resource

Wild ride: in top gear

Investigate how gears work and why you need them to ride a bicycle efficiently. Test how cog size affects speed and energy efficiency. Then choose gears best suited to track conditions in a time trial. This learning object is one in a series of four objects.

Interactive Resource

Biodiversity – sustainability action process (Years 3–6)

This biodiversity learning resource guides students through an extended school based investigation. Students develop and implement a chosen sustainability action and then evaluate and reflect on their success and their learning.

Interactive Resource

Sites2See: Surf safety

A webpage about surfing safety, dangerous waves and rips, and the history and science of surfing. A 'For Kids' section provides games and quizzes for young swimmers and surfers.

Teacher resource

Makey Makey boards

In this sequence of lessons students explore how electrical energy can be transferred and transformed in electrical circuits, using Makey Makey boards as the basis for experimentation and recoding of data.