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Science / Year 6 / Science as a Human Endeavour / Nature and development of science

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Science involves testing predictions by gathering data and using evidence to develop explanations of events and phenomena and reflects historical and cultural contributions (ACSHE098)

Elaborations
  • investigating how knowledge about the effects of using the Earth’s resources has changed over time
  • describing how understanding of the causes and effects of major natural events has changed as new evidence has become available
  • investigating the use of electricity, including predicting the effects of changes to electric circuits
  • considering how gathering evidence helps scientists to predict the effect of major geological or climatic events
  • investigating how people from different cultures have used sustainable sources of energy, for example water and solar power
  • exploring institutions and locations where contemporary Australian scientists conduct research on catastrophic natural events
  • learning how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander knowledge, such as the medicinal and nutritional properties of Australian plants, is being used as part of the evidence base for scientific advances
  • investigating the development of earthquake measurements from the Chinese invention of the seismograph in the second century
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Predictions (Science),  Data collection,  Explanations (Scientific inquiry)

Video

Packing for an Antarctic expedition (1954)

Listen to scientist Dr Phillip Law describe the requirements of packing for a year's stay on Antarctica. See historic footage of packing the ship Kista Dan for the 1954 expedition to Antarctica. The Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition (ANARE) was established to set up scientific research stations in the Antarctic ...

Video

Memories of Antarctic expeditions (1954 and 1961)

Listen as scientist Dr Phillip Law recounts his experiences of expeditions to Antarctica. See historic footage of travelling through pack ice. The clip features the Kista Dan (1954 expedition) and the Magga Dan (1961 expedition). The Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition (ANARE) was established to set up scientific ...

Video

Re-creation of Shackleton's Antarctic survival

In 1914 Ernest Shackleton and his crew set out on an expedition to cross Antarctica via the South Pole. But things went horribly wrong when their ship was crushed by ice on the way. In this news clip, witness an Australian scientist about to set out with five others to re-create Shackleton's remarkable journey of survival, ...

Online

Antarctica

The first recorded expedition to Antarctica was in 1821. It was a place where no human lived. Thanks to the work of explorers and scientists we know a lot about the frozen continent.

Video

Tracking heatwaves in Australia

A database tracking the last 60 or so years of heatwaves shows that they are getting longer, more frequent and more intense in Australia. In this clip, climate scientist Dr Sarah Perkins-Kirkpatrick explains how and why. Overall, she describes that the biggest increase has been in the frequency of heatwaves in Australia, ...

Video

Murray River crayfish

What is a 'baited remote underwater video station'? Often the most innovative scientific research is used to identify living things under the threat of extinction. Watch this clip to learn more about the shy but curious Murray River crayfish and the scientists intent on ensuring its survival.

Online

Destination Moon: more missions, more science resource book

Produced for National Science Week 2019, this resource aims to inspire primary and secondary students about space science just as the Apollo program to the Moon did in the 1960s and 1970s. The book features past and emerging space-related research, technologies and ideas from the worlds of science, design, technology, engineering, ...

Online

Finding scientific solutions

This Teacher resource focuses on the work of scientists. Investigate how scientists work together to find solutions to problems that directly affect the lives of people and other living things.

Video

Increasing threat of megafires

Many scientists believe we are already experiencing megafires and that they will continue to increase in the future. In this clip you will hear from Australian scientists at the forefront of fire research. Discover what they have to say about the causes, projections, and consequences of an increased megafire threat.

Video

Discovering the secret life of bees

What's life like for a honey bee? That's exactly what Tasmanian scientists are interested in finding out. They've been busy gluing tiny sensors between the wings of bees, so their movements can be tracked and we can learn more about bee behaviour. What are some of the reasons scientists give for wanting to better understand ...

Video

Predicting earthquakes

Will scientists ever be able to accurately predict earthquakes? Imagine the number of lives that could be saved if this were possible. Dr Maryanne Demasi joins a group of researchers drilling into one of the most earthquake-prone regions on Earth as they try to improve earthquake prediction to add precious seconds to earthquake ...

Video

A day at the Geraldton weather station

Do you know what happens at a Bureau of Meteorology weather station? Watch this clip to find out about a regular day at the Geraldton Bureau in Western Australia, including the daily tasks undertaken by a weather scientist.

Video

Working towards a renewable energy future

Listen to electrical engineering student Kulsoom Hussain describe her dream career. What are some of the challenges she says she'll face in trying to achieve her goals? What can you find out about the energy sources used in Australia? How much renewable energy is used to power our country?

Video

Day in the life of a meteorologist

Have you ever wondered what it would be like to be a weather scientist (meteorologist)? In this clip, weather man Mark Wilgar describes a typical work day that begins very early in the morning! Find out what's involved in gathering and communicating weather information, and discover what Mark sees as the rewards of his job.

Interactive

Wild ride: get a grip

Investigate the role of friction in performance of bicycle tyres. Test how the type of tread affects grip and speed. Choose tyres best suited to track and weather conditions in a time trial. This learning object is one in a series of four objects.

Video

Living in space

Do you know that people have been living and working in space for more than 10 years? The International Space Station (ISS) orbits the Earth more than 300 kilometres above us. Watch this clip to discover what life is like in space and the type of research that is conducted there.

Video

Volcanoes and people

Imagine living in the shadow of a volcano? Well, millions of people do in Naples, Italy, where a massive volcano called Vesuvius exists. This clip explores the dangers posed by volcanoes and investigates some recent and ancient eruptions. Find out some misconceptions about volcanoes and discover how science is helping prevent ...

Video

Below Earth's crust

Imagine tunnelling deep, deep below the Earth's surface. What do you think you would find thousands of kilometres down? Watch this clip to find out what is inside the Earth, what it's made up of and how hot it is. Find out about earthquakes, volcanoes, and geysers, and how they help us to understand about the composition ...

Video

Centenary of Mawson's first Antarctic expedition

Dangerous, desperate and deadly! That is how the reporter in this clip describes the first Antarctic expedition by Sir Douglas Mawson, 100 years ago. Discover the challenges Mawson faced on the coldest and windiest continent on Earth, and find out about his invaluable contributions to science.

Video

Fossils and the evolution of life

Have you ever wondered how scientists know when the early mammals appeared on Earth, or how long ago dinosaurs died out? Watch this clip to discover the role of fossils, and the rocks they are found in, in revealing the order and history of life on Earth. This clip takes you to fossil sites in Queensland; and to Shark Bay ...