Science / Year 6 / Science as a Human Endeavour / Nature and development of science

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Curriculum content descriptions

Science involves testing predictions by gathering data and using evidence to develop explanations of events and phenomena and reflects historical and cultural contributions (ACSHE098)

Elaborations
  • investigating how knowledge about the effects of using the Earth’s resources has changed over time
  • describing how understanding of the causes and effects of major natural events has changed as new evidence has become available
  • investigating the use of electricity, including predicting the effects of changes to electric circuits
  • considering how gathering evidence helps scientists to predict the effect of major geological or climatic events
  • investigating how people from different cultures have used sustainable sources of energy, for example water and solar power
  • exploring institutions and locations where contemporary Australian scientists conduct research on catastrophic natural events
  • learning how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander knowledge, such as the medicinal and nutritional properties of Australian plants, is being used as part of the evidence base for scientific advances
  • investigating the development of earthquake measurements from the Chinese invention of the seismograph in the second century
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Predictions (Science),  Data collection,  Explanations (Scientific inquiry)

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Earthquake explorers

This is an extensive teaching unit focused on learning, through a collaborative, inquiry-based approach, about the causes of earthquakes, how they are measured and the damage they can cause. It includes comprehensive lesson plans, as well as student handouts and other teaching resources, for seven structured lessons that ...

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Essential energy

This is an extensive teaching unit focused on learning, through a collaborative, inquiry-based approach, how different energy sources are used to generate electrical energy, which can then be transformed. It includes comprehensive lesson plans, as well as student handouts and other teaching resources, for eight structured ...

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Below Earth's crust

Imagine tunnelling deep, deep below the Earth's surface. What do you think you would find thousands of kilometres down? Watch this clip to find out what is inside the Earth, what it's made up of and how hot it is. Find out about earthquakes, volcanoes, and geysers, and how they help us to understand about the composition ...

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: It's electrifying

This comprehensive teacher resource explores the role of electrons in transferring energy in electric circuits through a series of collaborative inquiry-based learning activities. Investigations of batteries, light bulbs, switches, conductors and insulators develop an understanding of how battery-operated devices, such ...

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Ecological effects of bushfires

Did you know that Australia is the most flammable continent on Earth? Watch this clip to discover how bushfires impact natural ecosystems, and how the increasing global threat of bushfires may affect Australia. Australian scientists explain the ecological consequences of fire and a US expert describes his concerns for the future.

Interactive Resource

Light sound action: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials relevant to a study of light, sound, and electricity. This resource contains a rich array of digital interactive activities, simulations, video clips, supportive information and notebook questions, and is divided into several parts including sections ...

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Wild ride: get a grip

Investigate the role of friction in performance of bicycle tyres. Test how the type of tread affects grip and speed. Choose tyres best suited to track and weather conditions in a time trial. This learning object is one in a series of four objects.

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Volcanoes and people

Imagine living in the shadow of a volcano? Well, millions of people do in Naples, Italy, where a massive volcano called Vesuvius exists. This clip explores the dangers posed by volcanoes and investigates some recent and ancient eruptions. Find out some misconceptions about volcanoes and discover how science is helping prevent ...

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Predicting earthquakes

Will scientists ever be able to accurately predict earthquakes? Imagine the number of lives that could be saved if this were possible. Dr Maryanne Demasi joins a group of researchers drilling into one of the most earthquake-prone regions on Earth as they try to improve earthquake prediction to add precious seconds to earthquake ...

Interactive resource

Wild ride: on a roll

Investigate the role of physical forces in how bicycle wheels work. Test how wheel size, tyre pressure, tread and load affect rolling resistance. Then choose wheels best suited to track conditions in a time trial. This learning object is one in a series of four objects.

Teacher resource

What makes a weather event extreme?

In this sequence of tasks and resources students will investigate some of the extreme weather events that occur in Australia and globally. Students can view and explore the conditions under which extreme weather events occur, including a bushfire, drought, cyclone, flood and tsunami. Students are guided to investigate the ...

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Circuits and switches

This comprehensive teacher resource focuses on electrical circuits, electrical energy and the energy transformations that occur in circuits. Students explore circuits in familiar object such as torches, design their own circuits using energy sources, lights and other components, and explore the energy changes in their circuits. ...

Interactive resource

Wild ride: in top gear

Investigate how gears work and why you need them to ride a bicycle efficiently. Test how cog size affects speed and energy efficiency. Then choose gears best suited to track conditions in a time trial. This learning object is one in a series of four objects.

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Creators and destroyers

This comprehensive teacher resource focuses on volcanic activity on the Earth’s surface. Students explore how volcanoes are formed, how the viscosity of lava effects the shape of volcanoes, the benefits and risks of living near a volcano and how volcanic activity is related to the structure of the Earth. The unit is based ...

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Ant safari

This ABC In Depth feature article includes some good advice for exploring local ant populations as well as an excellent information report on Australian ants: the different types and their roles.

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Fossils and the evolution of life

Have you ever wondered how scientists know when the early mammals appeared on Earth, or how long ago dinosaurs died out? Watch this clip to discover the role of fossils, and the rocks they are found in, in revealing the order and history of life on Earth. This clip takes you to fossil sites in Queensland; and to Shark Bay ...

Teacher resource

Classroom Antarctica: Antarctic Adaptations

This is a learning sequence exploring how animals and plants survive the harsh Antarctic climate. A guided research template supports students to organise information from the Australian Antarctic Division website on the different physical, physiological and behavioural adaptations of the animals and plants in the region. ...

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Bushfire disaster, Victoria 2009

Investigate Victoria's devastating bushfires of 2009 and find out why they have been called Australia's worst ever natural disaster. In this clip you will see the ferocious fires that ripped through parts of Victoria, destroying bushland, farms, houses, schools and cars. Find out what made these fires so devastating.

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Rising salt

This comprehensive teacher resource focuses on how soil salinity affects the growth of plants. Students engage in hands on activities, growing their own plants under different conditions and observing the effect of different levels of salinity in their soil. They consider the causes of salinity in Australian soils and the ...

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Living in space

Do you know that people have been living and working in space for more than 10 years? The International Space Station (ISS) orbits the Earth more than 300 kilometres above us. Watch this clip to discover what life is like in space and the type of research that is conducted there.