Science / Year 7 / Science as a Human Endeavour / Nature and development of science

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Curriculum content descriptions

Scientific knowledge has changed peoples’ understanding of the world and is refined as new evidence becomes available (ACSHE119)

Elaborations
  • investigating how advances in telescopes and space probes have provided new evidence about space
  • researching different ideas used in the development of models of the solar system developed by scientists such as Copernicus, Khayyám and Galileo
  • researching developments in the understanding of astronomy, such as the predictions of eclipses and the calculation of the length of the solar year by Al‑Battani in the tenth century
ScOT terms

Evidence,  Paradigms,  Observations (Data)

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Seasons

Control the motion of the Earth in its orbit around the Sun. Work out how the Earth’s orbit and the tilt of its axis determine seasons in the different hemispheres. Work out how the Earth’s orbit and the tilt of its axis determine day length in the different hemispheres. Examine the heating effect of the Sun. Compare seasons ...

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Energy chains: energy use

Select energy sources and energy converters to build energy chains to power appliances and vehicles. Examine how each energy converter in a chain loses some energy and reduces the energy available for use. For example, show that using a solar panel and an electric motor to drive a car delivers only 16% of the original energy ...

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

In digestion

Follow the passage of food through the human body. Select foods and drinks and decide how to digest them. For example, choose to chew, to add saliva to the mouth or add gastric juices to the stomach. Watch how the body reacts to changes. Find out more about digestion along the way and answer questions.

Moving Image

Rockets, Mars, Space Shuttles and Space Stations

<span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">Discover how space exploration has developed over the years. Find out about different space missions and experiments, and a range of spacecraft from the early probes to more complex shuttles. Where do you think space exploration might take us in the future?</span>

Interactive resource

Colossal fossils: the dig

Join a team of palaeontologists working on an Australian megafauna dig site. Dig up and describe a megafauna jaw bone or skull. Use tools such as a pick, rock hammer and scraping knife. Prepare the fossil for removal using tools such a fine brush, glue and plaster. See how the features of the bone are used to identify the ...

MovingImage

Space storms

This 11 minute video segment from Catalyst explains how the sun can impact on Earth's power grid and satellite communications. This program also describes recent technology to study the sun and understand the causes of coronal mass ejections.

Teacher resource

Classification of organisms

This is a unit of work designed to help students investigate the similarities and differences between a range of organisms including plants, animals and micro-organisms. Students use these variations to organise and classify organisms according to accepted hierarchial categories. They examine the need for scientists to ...

Interactive Resource

EnviroNorth: savanna walkabout

This is an interactive website about Australia's savannas. It has four main sections providing information about where tropical savannas are located across the world; the importance of termites in Australia's tropical savannas ecosystem; the lifecycle of the termite; and the research being conducted in Australia's savannas. ...

MovingImage

Earthshine

This six and a half minute video segment from Catalyst explains Earthshine as light from our own Earth reflected back from the Moon's dark side. A PhD student is studying it to learn about how light reflects from a planet that contains liquid water as well as land. Her work may one day lead to the discovery of other planets ...

Moving Image

Meteorites, asteroids, orbiting and gravity

Learn how Galileo Galilei's work overturned Aristotle's ideas about falling objects and led to an understanding that Earth revolves around the sun. Find out how Isaac Newton showed that the laws of motion on Earth and in space are the same, and that he discovered that the gravitational force of attraction between any two ...

Moving Image

Spinosaurus goes fishing!

Spinosaurus, perhaps the biggest and fiercest predatory dinosaur ever, hunted and ate the huge, 8-metre long sawfish called Onchopristis. Watch this clip to discover what special adaptations Spinosaurus had for fishing out its large prey. Like a cross between a Tyrannosaurus and a crocodile, this dinosaur was a massive ...

Moving Image

Is the supermoon really super?

Does the Moon ever appear bigger and brighter in the night sky? Find out as astronomer Tanya Hill from the Melbourne Planetarium explains why we sometimes see a 'supermoon'.

Audio

Chemicals on the Great Barrier Reef

This program deals with a range of human impacts on the Great Barrier Reef. Herbicides from land runoff have been traced to algae and sea grasses in river mouths and coastal zones along the Great Barrier Reef. Effects include retardation of photosynthesis and growth of corals. Other pressures on the reef include high water ...

Interactive Resource

Science Talk 2007: Tim Entwistle

An interview and tour of the Royal Botanic Gardens of Sydney and its herbarium with Dr Tim Entwistle, a plant scientist and the NSW Government Botanist. Tim talks to a pre-service teacher from Macquarie University about his love of plants, in particular freshwater algae. In the herbarium we find out why it is so important ...

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Discover some of the mysteries of the universe!

Watch and listen as Dr Graham Phillips explains what has been discovered about our universe in the last decade or so. What did the WMAP satellite study? What did it confirm? The scientists in this story talk about being surprised to find that the universe is expanding at an increasing pace. What do they say is responsible ...

Interactive Resource

Science talk 2007: Adam Cawley

An interview with Adam Cawley, a chemist and scientist from the Royal Australian Chemical Institute, who is an expert in drug testing in sport. Adam talks to a teacher from Killara High School about working as a chemist, and the challenges in drug testing.

Moving Image

The power of science photography

Visual art and science are often considered to be separate fields. Watch as Phred Petersen talks about the way he combines his passions of photography and science. What is the role of technology in enabling this crossover? What kinds of scientific discoveries can be assisted by high-speed photography? And how can scientific ...

Interactive Resource

Syllabus bites: Solving world problems with biotechnology

This web page is designed to help students to understand the history of biotechnology and how it contributes to solving real-world problems such as disease and waste disposal.

Moving Image

Anatomy of a raindrop

The water cycle is the circulation of water on, in and above Earth and it involves a number of stages and changes of state. This clip describes the water cycle and also how modern technology has contributed to our understanding of the shape of raindrops and its relationship to precipitation. Discover how raindrop shape ...

MovingImage

Robot biomimicry

This 9 minute video segment from Catalyst shows how inspiration from the world of animals has helped in the mechanical design of robots and adhesive materials.