Science / Year 10 / Science as a Human Endeavour / Nature and development of science

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Scientific understanding, including models and theories, is contestable and is refined over time through a process of review by the scientific community (ACSHE191)

Elaborations
  • considering the role of different sources of evidence including biochemical, anatomical and fossil evidence for evolution by natural selection
  • investigating the development of the Watson and Crick double helix model for the structure of DNA
  • investigating the history and impact of developments in genetic knowledge
  • investigating the development of the periodic table and how this was dependent on experimental evidence at the time
  • considering the role of science in identifying and explaining the causes of climate change
  • recognising that Australian scientists such as Brian Schmidt and Penny Sackett are involved in the exploration and study of the universe
General capabilities
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

Evaluation,  Theories,  Dissent,  Peer review

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Tectonics investigator

Investigate the internal structure of the Earth using earthquake measurements. Examine the Earth’s outer layer. Fit the Earth's tectonic plates together like a jigsaw puzzle. Identify how plate movements produce many features of the Earth’s surface. Predict the formation of new volcanic islands. This learning object is ...

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Exploring atoms: atom structure

See how scientists such as Ernest Rutherford have investigated the structure of atoms. Explore possible models. Fire charged particles at atoms and find which model best fits the results. This learning object is one in a series of six objects. Three of the objects are also packaged as a combined learning object.

Interactive resource

Tectonics investigator: hot spots

Identify how plate movements produce many features of the Earth’s surface. Predict the formation of new volcanic islands. This learning object is part of a series of three objects. The series is also packaged as a combined learning object.

Interactive Resource

Evolution and heredity: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials for a comprehensive study of evolution and heredity including species variation, adaptation, selection and biodiversity, evidence for evolution, the structure of DNA, meiosis and sexual reproduction, inheriting genes and traits, and mutations. This resource ...

Assessment resource

Tectonics investigator: Earth's structure: assessment

Test your understanding of the Earth's internal structure. Use animations and images to help you answer a series of questions dealing with the seismic exploration of the Earth’s internal structure and the structure of tectonic plates. View and print a report on your work. This assessment object is one in a series of two objects.

Interactive resource

Tectonics investigator: magnetic stripes

Investigate tectonic plate behaviour. Identify how plate movements produce many features of the Earth’s surface. This learning object is part of a series of three objects. The series is also packaged as a combined learning object.

Assessment resource

Tectonics investigator: plate movement: assessment

Test your understanding of tectonic plate movement. Use animations and images to help you answer a series of questions dealing with evidence of plate movement. Interpret data from magnetic surveys of divergent zones, as well as patterns derived from hotspot traces. View and print a report on your work. This assessment object ...

Moving Image

Genetics, inheritance and epilepsy

Explore genetics, the patterns of inheritance and disease-causing mutations. Find out about Gregor Mendel's historic pea-plant breeding experiments showing that traits are inherited in particular patterns. See how Australian scientists discovered the gene mutation responsible for a type of epilepsy.

Interactive Resource

Chemical patterns: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials exploring many aspects of chemical reactions and properties including elements in the periodic table, chemical reaction rates, and the chemistry of fuels and plastics. This resource contains a rich array of digital interactive activities, video clips, ...

Interactive Resource

Motion and Energy Transfer: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials for exploring many aspects of energy including energy transfers and conservation, force and energy transfers in systems, energy efficiency, the motion of objects, and acceleration and Newton’s laws. This resource contains a rich array of digital interactive ...

Moving Image

Fossils and the evolution of life

Have you ever wondered how scientists know when the early mammals appeared on Earth, or how long ago dinosaurs died out? Watch this clip to discover the role of fossils, and the rocks they are found in, in revealing the order and history of life on Earth. This clip takes you to fossil sites in Queensland; and to Shark Bay ...

Teacher resource

Evolution and heredity: teacher guide

This is a teacher guide containing material to support the planning and implementing of lessons for a unit on evolution and heredity. It covers topics such as natural selection and species variation; evidence for evolution; DNA, genes, mitosis and meiosis; patterns of inheritance and gene technologies. The guide contains ...

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Evolution and heredity: student guide

This is a student guide that takes an in-depth look at evolution and heredity. It begins and ends with students arguing their stances on contentious topics concerning evolution and genetics. The chapters on evolution provide the evidence for evolution and show how species chance. The section of heredity introduces the history ...

Interactive resource

Tectonics investigator: Earth's structure [ESL]

Investigate the internal structure of the Earth using earthquake measurements. Examine the Earth’s outer layer. Fit the Earth's tectonic plates together like a jigsaw puzzle. This learning object is the first in a series of three objects.

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Science Futures: student guide

This students guide focuses on three main themes: the nature of the Universe and space; the future of science and new technologies; and science literacy in the modern world. This resource contains different parts or chapters, each with information, images and diagrams, inquiry activities, discussion questions, and links ...

Interactive resource

Tectonics investigator: magnetic stripes [ESL]

Investigate tectonic plate behaviour. Simulate the movement of tectonic plates over millions of years. Investigate how the changing magnetic polarity of the Earth has helped geologists form theories about tectonic plate movements. This learning object is the second in a series of three objects.

Interactive Resource

Science Futures: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials for exploring space and the universe, future technologies and applications, and science literacy. This resource contains a rich array of digital interactive activities, video clips, images and diagrams, supportive information and notebook questions, ...

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Chemical Patterns: student guide

This is a student guide that takes an in-depth look at the periodic table, the properties of metals, chemical reaction rates, and the chemistry of fuels and plastics including future materials and applications. This resource contains different parts, each with information, images and diagrams, inquiry activities with detailed ...

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Motion and Energy Transfer: student guide

This is a student guide that takes an in-depth look at motion, energy transfers and transformations, force and energy systems, energy efficiency, and the movement and the acceleration of objects. This resource contains different parts or chapters, each with information, images and diagrams, inquiry activities with detailed ...

Interactive Resource

Sites2See: Astronomy for secondary

A small galaxy of sites and resources, starting with Galileo's discoveries. Includes interviews and masterclasses with Australian astronomers, task-based laptop wraps, and images from NASA and Astro-photographer David Malin.