Science / Year 10 / Science as a Human Endeavour / Nature and development of science

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Advances in scientific understanding often rely on technological advances and are often linked to scientific discoveries (ACSHE192)

Elaborations
  • recognising that the development of fast computers has made possible the analysis of DNA sequencing, radio astronomy signals and other data
  • considering how computer modelling has improved knowledge and predictability of phenomena such as climate change and atmospheric pollution
  • researching examples of major international scientific projects, for example the Large Hadron Collider and the International Space Station
  • considering how information technology can be applied to different areas of science such as bioinformatics and the Square Kilometre Array
ScOT terms

Innovation,  Discovery (Observations)

Interactive resource

Genes: what is DNA?

Build models of the DNA molecules that make up chromosomes. Discover how the components match up to make a double helix. For example, discover that the bases adenine and thymine pair up to form ‘rungs’ of the helix. This learning object is the second in a series of five objects that progressively increase in difficulty. ...

Interactive resource

Genes: introduction to genes

Zoom in on a living plant to see views down to the atomic level. Discover how each component consists of smaller parts. Identify the parts that carry the instructions for the plant’s characteristics. For example, observe that the chromosomes are made of DNA. This learning object is the first in a series of five objects ...

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Tectonics investigator

Investigate the internal structure of the Earth using earthquake measurements. Examine the Earth’s outer layer. Fit the Earth's tectonic plates together like a jigsaw puzzle. Identify how plate movements produce many features of the Earth’s surface. Predict the formation of new volcanic islands. This learning object is ...

Interactive resource

Genes: DNA replication

Model the copying of DNA molecules when cells divide. Discover the part played by enzymes in the replication process. Select the correct base pairings to complete the DNA double helix. For example, pair adenine with thymine. This learning object is the third in a series of five objects that progressively increase in difficulty. ...

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Exploring atoms: atom structure

See how scientists such as Ernest Rutherford have investigated the structure of atoms. Explore possible models. Fire charged particles at atoms and find which model best fits the results. This learning object is one in a series of six objects. Three of the objects are also packaged as a combined learning object.

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Genes

See how genes and genetic engineering work. Build models of DNA, and work out how it is copied as cells divide. Discover how the codes carried in the genes are copied and used to build proteins. See how gene splicing can be used to benefit human lives. For example, model the transfer of a human gene into bacteria, so they ...

Interactive resource

Radioactive decay

Watch radioactive decay happen at the sub-atomic level. Make predictions and analyse graphs resulting from the decay of an array of radioactive atoms in order to determine the half-life of the element. For example, find the half-life of the radioactive element used in carbon dating, carbon-14. This learning object is a ...

Interactive Resource

Tsunami: the ultimate guide

This comprehensive web resource provides a series of six interactive slide shows (chapters) that introduce the cause and impacts of tsunami with a focus on Australia, Asia and Pacific regions. Produced by experts in the field, this information is clearly and simply described. The engaging presentation is enriched with photography, ...

Interactive resource

Tectonics investigator: hot spots

Identify how plate movements produce many features of the Earth’s surface. Predict the formation of new volcanic islands. This learning object is part of a series of three objects. The series is also packaged as a combined learning object.

Interactive Resource

Evolution and heredity: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials for a comprehensive study of evolution and heredity including species variation, adaptation, selection and biodiversity, evidence for evolution, the structure of DNA, meiosis and sexual reproduction, inheriting genes and traits, and mutations. This resource ...

Assessment resource

Tectonics investigator: Earth's structure: assessment

Test your understanding of the Earth's internal structure. Use animations and images to help you answer a series of questions dealing with the seismic exploration of the Earth’s internal structure and the structure of tectonic plates. View and print a report on your work. This assessment object is one in a series of two objects.

Interactive resource

Tectonics investigator: magnetic stripes

Investigate tectonic plate behaviour. Identify how plate movements produce many features of the Earth’s surface. This learning object is part of a series of three objects. The series is also packaged as a combined learning object.

Interactive resource

Genes: protein synthesis

Model the process that living cells use to build protein molecules. First, build an RNA strand to copy the gene code of the DNA. Then follow the RNA out of the nucleus to the ribosomes and use a triplet code to pick the correct sequence of amino acids to build the protein. For example, match the code UCU with the amino ...

Assessment resource

Tectonics investigator: plate movement: assessment

Test your understanding of tectonic plate movement. Use animations and images to help you answer a series of questions dealing with evidence of plate movement. Interpret data from magnetic surveys of divergent zones, as well as patterns derived from hotspot traces. View and print a report on your work. This assessment object ...

Moving Image

Deep ocean volcanoes

This is a video resource about the discovery of the deepest ocean volcano to date - the West Mata submarine volcano between Samoa, Fiji and Tonga - which is more than 1000 metres beneath the ocean surface. The video features footage of the erupting volcano, with lava believed to be among the hottest on Earth, and shows ...

Interactive resource

Radioactive decay: half life

Watch radioactive decay happen at the sub-atomic level. Make predictions and analyse graphs resulting from the decay of an array of radioactive atoms in order to determine the half-life of the element. For example, find the half-life of the radioactive element used in carbon dating, carbon-14. This learning object is one ...

Interactive Resource

Chemical patterns: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials exploring many aspects of chemical reactions and properties including elements in the periodic table, chemical reaction rates, and the chemistry of fuels and plastics. This resource contains a rich array of digital interactive activities, video clips, ...

Interactive Resource

Motion and Energy Transfer: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials for exploring many aspects of energy including energy transfers and conservation, force and energy transfers in systems, energy efficiency, the motion of objects, and acceleration and Newton’s laws. This resource contains a rich array of digital interactive ...

Interactive resource

Genes: gene splicing

Model the process of gene splicing to produce the insulin needed by people with diabetes. Cut the insulin gene from a DNA strand, then insert it into the DNA of a plasmid, which will produce insulin when transferred to a bacterium. Use you knowledge of DNA structure to direct the splicing process. For example, select the ...

Teacher resource

Evolution and heredity: teacher guide

This is a teacher guide containing material to support the planning and implementing of lessons for a unit on evolution and heredity. It covers topics such as natural selection and species variation; evidence for evolution; DNA, genes, mitosis and meiosis; patterns of inheritance and gene technologies. The guide contains ...