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Science / Year 1 / Science Understanding / Chemical sciences

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Everyday materials can be physically changed in a variety of ways (ACSSU018)

Elaborations
  • predicting and comparing how the shapes of objects made from different materials can be physically changed through actions such as bending, stretching and twisting
  • exploring how materials such as water, chocolate or play dough change when warmed or cooled
ScOT terms

Materials,  Properties of matter,  Deformation (Mechanics)

Online

Plasticine investigators: Connected Learning Experience (CLE)

This online resource introduces concepts of physical change. Students investigate the physical changes made to plasticine when it is manipulated in different ways, including the softening of the material by warming.

Video

Picking and processing fresh apples

Discover the story of apples, from picking and pressing to processing in a factory. Learn how juice, cider and vinegar are made from apples. See how many other things are made from apples.

Video

How does rice get to the supermarket?

Do you like brown rice or white rice? Do you know why they look different? This clip shows how rice grains from the farm are cleaned, milled and packed into bags. Discover how many different foods can be made from rice.

Video

How do you make bread?

Have you ever made bread? This clip shows a girl learning to make bread at home with her mother. You will also see how different types of bread are made.

Video

From the dairy to the shop

Have you ever wondered about the steps involved in getting milk from a cow to you? This clip tells the story of milk, from the dairy farm to the supermarket. Discover where cream comes from and how milk is made safe to drink.

Video

Sam the Lamb: Does wool burn?

This short entertaining video, narrated by ‘Sam the Lamb’ and 'Professors' Madeleine and Daisy test which fabrics burn easily and which fabrics are the most flame resistant. Sam and his science team test the flammability of a range of synthetic and natural fabrics including polyester, polar fleece, cotton and wool.

Video

Sam the Lamb: properties of wool

This short video, narrated by ‘Sam the Lamb’ and a group of young wool enthusiasts, explores the properties of one of nature’s most versatile fibres. Viewers will discover how wool can stretch and return to its natural shape when worn; why wool is safe to wear around campfires and in the sun, and how wool can manages moisture ...

Video

Making bread from flour

Have you ever wondered how your sandwich bread is made? This clip shows the story of bread, beginning with flour being loaded into a truck. Watch big machines mix the dough. See your bread being baked, then packed ready for the shop.

Online

From Paddock to Plate

Discover where our food comes from and how it gets to our table. Explore farming practices and the processes involved in producing familiar food products. Use video clips to investigate the biological needs of food crops and farm animals. Explore the diversity of foods that may be produced from a range of agricultural produce.

Text

George the farmer: pulse party activity book

This downloadable PDF is student activity book exploring pulses and legumes for the UN International Year of the Pulse. It includes an introduction to pulses and seven activities with a focus on science and design technologies. Activities including making mixtures, creating calendars, measuring, inventing and drawing. The ...

Interactive

Fair test

Run experiments in a plant research laboratory. Investigate the effects of different variables on the growth of lettuces, peas and tomatoes. Research the answers to questions about how to achieve optimum hydroponic growth conditions. Examine the effect of key variables on growth: nitrogen, temperature, light intensity and ...

Text

Liquefied natural gas

Find out what liquefied natural gas (LNG) is and how it is produced and used. This is an information sheet describing the characteristics of LNG as well as how LNG is processed, stored, transported and used. It includes an image of an LNG tanker.

Video

What is a joggobot?

Robots have traditionally been used to perform tasks that humans don't want to or cannot do. In recent years, however, robot technology has looked at robots as companions. How do you feel about this? Do you think robots could ever replace human or even animal companionship? Why/why not?

Video

What is Hovermap?

Hovermap is a self-contained unit that can be mounted on top of a drone to map 3D spaces and objects from above, below and all around simultaneously. What are some of the benefits of having an unmanned robot do this kind of work? Can you think of some of the applications for this technology?

Video

Pepper scatter experiment

Watch what happens in this pepper scatter experiment by Surfing Scientist, Ruben Meerman. Ruben demonstrates an important property of water, surface tension, by dipping a toothpick into water sprinkled with pepper. Find out what happens when detergent is added.

Video

Steam or just a load of hot air?

Take a journey with two 2013 Sleek Geeks Eureka Science Schools Prize finalists, as they present their take on the history of steam power. See how they link steam power, the properties of water and the way energy is converted. WARNING: if flickering light affects you, you may be best to avoid watching this video.

Video

Tracking heatwaves in Australia

A database tracking the last 60 or so years of heatwaves shows that they are getting longer, more frequent and more intense in Australia. In this clip, climate scientist Dr Sarah Perkins-Kirkpatrick explains how and why. Overall, she describes that the biggest increase has been in the frequency of heatwaves in Australia, ...

Video

What is density?

Some liquids are denser than others. The relative density of two liquids will determine which one will float on top of the other. Liquids that are less dense will float on top of one that is denser. Based on this, which of these two liquids do you think will float on top of the other: olive oil or milk?

Video

Thinking about the design process

Watch as UNSW student and Blusat member William Frohlich talks about the design process. What are some of the important things to consider before you start to make a project? Why does William say it's important to be flexible with your designs? Design your own obstacle course for your family using objects from around your ...

Video

From chocolate buttons to magic patterns

Want to do a simple science experiment that works just like a magic trick? Watch the Surfing Scientist to find out how. He creates a pattern made up of regular shapes by dissolving coated chocolate buttons.