Science / Year 3 / Science Understanding / Earth and space sciences

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Earth’s rotation on its axis causes regular changes, including night and day (ACSSU048)

Elaborations
  • recognising the sun as a source of light
  • constructing sundials and investigating how they work
  • describing timescales for the rotation of the Earth
  • modelling the relative sizes and movement of the sun, Earth and moon
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Day,  Night,  Earth rotation

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Night and day

This comprehensive teacher resource explores how the Earth’s rotation on its axis causes regular changes, including night and day, using a series of collaborative inquiry-based learning activities. The sizes, shapes, positions and movements of the Sun, Earth and Moon are investigated, and shadow changes throughout the day ...

Interactive resource

Light and shadows

Look at how a tree makes a shadow during a sunny day. Notice that objects always casts shadows that face away from the Sun. Examine how the shape and position of a shadow is related to the time of day and position of the Sun. Explore the shadows cast by different objects such as a bike, an umbrella and a child. Position ...

Interactive resource

Pushing and pulling

Move animals from a boat to their new home in a zoo. Put them on a cart, then use monkeys to push or pull them up a hill. Use the minimum amount of force needed to move each animal. For example, use a single monkey to push a pelican or use three monkeys to pull a zebra. This learning object is a combination of three objects ...

Interactive resource

Light and shadows: casting shadows

Look at how a tree makes a shadow during a sunny day. Notice that objects always casts shadows that face away from the Sun. Examine how the shape and position of a shadow is related to the time of day and position of the Sun. Explore the shadows cast by different objects such as a bike, an umbrella and a child. Position ...

Teacher resource

Night and day

This is a unit of inquiry consisting of 12 learning sequences for year 3 in the English for the Australian Curriculum resource. Each learning sequence contains a series of resources, suggested activities to carry out with students and a post-activity reflection. The primary focus of this unit of work is a literature study ...

Interactive resource

Light and shadows: matching shadows

Look at how a tree makes a shadow during a sunny day. Notice that objects always casts shadows that face away from the Sun. Examine how the shape and position of a shadow is related to the time of day and position of the Sun. Match the shadows cast by different objects such as a bike, an umbrella and a child. Complete pictures ...

Assessment resource

Light and shadows: assessment

Test your understanding of shadows. Complete 12 tasks about how shadows change during the day. For example, match the shadow cast by a tree to the position of the Sun. View and print a report on your work.

Interactive Resource

NASA: Eyes Eclipse 2017

This interactive 3D simulation of the total eclipse of August 21st, 2017 enables users to navigate to different locations to watch a simulation of what the eclipse would look like from that area from start to finish. The simulation is available as a web and desktop applications suitable for most devices.

Teacher resource

Looking to the Moon

Use these tasks and resources to investigate how the Earth rotates and how its rotation affects what we see in the sky, in particular the views of the moon. Students explore the relative position and rotation of the moon to the Earth and use this to investigate why we only see one side of the moon.

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Earth rotation: night and day

Watch an animation of the Earth rotating in space showing day and night, the equinox where locations on Earth experience close to equal hours of daytime and night-time (12 hours) and views of the Earth from above the North and South Poles. Turn an animated model of the Earth to explore how rotation is related to night and ...

Interactive resource

Earth rotation: night and day [ESL]

Watch an animation of the Earth rotating in space showing day and night, the equinox where locations on Earth experience close to equal hours of daytime and night-time (12 hours) and views of the Earth from above the North and South Poles. Turn an animated model of the Earth to explore how rotation is related to night and ...

Image

An ornithopter

This is a model of an ornithopter (a machine that flies by flapping its wings). It is powered by a rotary engine using compressed air. The model was designed by Lawrence Hargrave in about 1889.

Image

Star trails above The Pinnacles, facing south

This is a long-exposure night-time photograph taken at The Pinnacles in Nambung National Park, Western Australia, facing due south. Concentric arcs of star trails made by the long exposure can be seen in the sky, centred on the south celestial pole. A meteor trail is also visible on the left.