Science / Year 4 / Science Understanding / Biological sciences

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Living things depend on each other and the environment to survive (ACSSU073)

Elaborations
  • investigating how plants provide shelter for animals
  • investigating the roles of living things in a habitat, for instance producers, consumers or decomposers
  • observing and describing predator-prey relationships
  • predicting the effects when living things in feeding relationships are removed or die out in an area
  • recognising that interactions between living things may be competitive or mutually beneficial
ScOT terms

Ecosystems

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Who's for dinner?

Look closely at a food chain and food web from a billabong habitat. Help animals to feed and survive. Play the role of a tadpole, fish or heron. Help the animal to grow and breed by feeding and avoiding predators. Notice that eating high-value food sources may increase an animal's risk of being attacked by predators.

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Biodiversity and farming for a healthy planet

This is a digital resource containing information and resources, such as printable games, that relate to biodiversity and farming, and how food and materials can be produced while protecting the Earth's natural resources. It includes an extensive glossary of important terms, and external links to teacher and student resources ...

Interactive Resource

NSW ecosystems on show

This resource highlights fifteen natural ecosystems found in New South Wales. Each resource has been designed for students investigating ecosystem types in NSW, providing a greater understanding of their location, function, how they are impacted by human activity and how schools and communities can work to protect them. ...

Interactive resource

Old Bernie's Pond

Clean up Old Bernie's Pond. See how it has become polluted and invaded by introduced species. Restore the pond by choosing actions such as planting native species and removing sources of pollution. Look at the effects of each change. Earn points to get a certificate.

Interactive resource

Platypus life cycle

Help platypuses and their families to survive. Choose where to lay eggs and how to care for babies. Answer questions about feeding and reproductive behaviour. Investigate how people affect platypus habitats.

Interactive Resource

Wilderquest

This is a multi-faceted resource exploring six types of New South Wales environments – desert, alpine, woodlands, rainforest, coast and town – and their plants, animals and people. Intended for children in the lower and mid-primary years and their teachers, the major part of resource consists of four open access elements. ...

Teacher resource

Origin Energy for Schools

This is a valuable website containing comprehensive teacher and student cross-curricular teaching and learning resource for years 3 to 8 that focuses on the themes of energy, energy management and the Earth’s renewable energy sources. There are three teaching units on the themes of ‘Energy introduction’, ‘Energy management’ ...

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Food chains: the desert

Create food chains to describe interactions within a desert environment. Look at the feeding patterns between plants and animals. Arrange producers and consumers into a food chain such as spinifex>bilby>eagle. This learning object is one in a series of six objects.

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Alien life form

Help an alien to understand how plants are adapted to life on Earth. Choose different combinations of leaves, seeds and roots. Design a plant that is best adapted to surviving in a particular environment. Adapt the plant for survival in specific environments: mangroves, cool rainforest, mountain slopes and arid land. Find ...

Interactive resource

Plants

This learning object contains a series of simple animations that explores the structure of a plant and how it works. Further graphics explain photosynthesis and how plants form part of the food chain. Students are provided with a tool for developing ideas about further research. The resource also contains several self tests. ...

Moving Image

How plants survive in different places

Explore some amazing ways that plants can survive in their habitats. See plants that mimic stones. Discover how some plants use weapons to protect themselves. Meet plants that trap their victims to feed on them.

Interactive resource

Food chains: what is a food chain?

Explore the idea of food chains to describe interactions. See an energy source, producer and consumers arranged into a food chain. This learning object is one in a series of six objects.

Interactive Resource

Sustainability action process: Kitchen gardens (Years 3–6)

This resource guides students through an extended school-based or local investigation focussed on kitchen gardens using the five-step sustainability action process. The resource supports the investigation of a real-world issue or problem. Students develop and implement a chosen sustainability action and then evaluate and ...

Moving Image

Flowers: living factories for making seeds

Can you imagine a world without flowers? Flowers add colour, scent and beauty to our world. But why do plants make them? Discover the real purpose of flowers and how they do their job.

Interactive resource

Food chains: the farm

Create food chains to describe interactions within a farm environment. Look at the feeding patterns between plants and animals. Arrange producers and consumers into a food chain such as grass>rabbit>dingo. This learning object is one in a series of six objects.

Interactive Resource

Sustainability action process: Biodiversity (Years 3–6)

This resource guides students through an extended school-based or local investigation focussed on biodiversity using the five step sustainability action process. The resource supports the investigation of a real-world issue or problem. Students develop and implement a chosen sustainability action and then evaluate and reflect ...

Moving Image

Antarctic wildlife

What wildlife would you expect to see in and around Antarctica? Come aboard the Australian ice breaker Aurora Australis to find out. How have these animals adapted to the harsh environment?

Moving Image

Plant leaves

Leaves come in many shapes, sizes, colours and textures. Watch this clip to discover how leaves make their own food and transport energy to the rest of the plant. See how they can even be useful after they've fallen to the ground. Presenter Nick Hardcastle and some young helpers will also show you a fun, creative activity ...

Teacher resource

Where would we be without bees?

This inquiry sequence investigates the importance of bees in the natural world and how living things depend on each other and the environment to survive. Students are also provided with activities to investigate the life cycle and food chains of a range of animals including bees.

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Make it alive: spotted tree frogs

Investigate the stream habitat of the endangered spotted tree frog. Discover what these frogs eat in the developing stages of their life. Find enough food so the frogs develop from the tadpole stage through to adulthood. Help the tadpoles escape from predatory fish such as the introduced rainbow trout. Search for safe places ...