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Science / Year 5 / Science Understanding / Earth and space sciences

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The Earth is part of a system of planets orbiting around a star (the sun) (ACSSU078)

Elaborations
  • identifying the planets of the solar system and comparing how long they take to orbit the sun
  • modelling the relative size of and distance between Earth, other planets in the solar system and the sun
  • recognising the role of the sun as a provider of energy for the Earth
ScOT terms

Solar System,  Orbits

Video

Rockets, Mars, Space Shuttles and Space Stations

<span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">Discover how space exploration has developed over the years. Find out about different space missions and experiments, and a range of spacecraft from the early probes to more complex shuttles. Where do you think space exploration might take us in the future?</span>

Online

Indigenous Astronomy and the Solar System

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people maintain detailed knowledge systems about objects in the Solar System, including the Sun, Moon, planets, comets, and meteors. These traditions show how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people carefully observe the movements of celestial object, explain their motions, and ...

Video

Why is Pluto not a planet?

Watch this clip and learn why Pluto was taken off the official list of planets. Dr Karl Kruszelnicki explains the three criteria that must be met before planets can be called planets. What are they?

Video

At the planetarium: Phases of the moon

Can you name the different phases of the moon? Watch this video and learn about the phases, how long a full lunar cycle is and why the moon looks larger at times.

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Australia's deep space research

Did you know that Australia is home to one of the three NASA Deep Space Network facilities? Watch this clip to find out about some of the ground-breaking research on the solar system being undertaken at the Tidbinbilla facility. Discover why Australia was chosen to participate in the Deep Space Network (DSN).

Video

Why we can see some planets but not others

In this planetarium demonstration, the air has been sucked out of the sky to give us a black sky so we can actually see the planets that are above us. Why is it that we can't always see the planets? How does our proximity to the sun affect how visible a planet is to us?

Video

And now for the Sun's weather ...

The Sun is the primary source of energy on Earth and plays a major role in the weather we experience, but how does it affect weather in space? Watch this animation showing what happens when there is solar wind, solar flare and even a solar storm. Find out about their impacts on our planet and on us.

Video

A long history of the Moon

The Moon is a familiar object in the night sky and impacts life on Earth as it orbits our planet. Watch this animation showing how the moon has changed since its formation 4.5 billion years ago. See how the Moon's surface altered over time as volcanoes and asteroids created the basins and craters present on the Moon today.

Video

Living on the International Space Station

What would it be like to live on a space station? In this clip you'll see footage of astronauts on the International Space Station and discover what their daily life is like. You'll also find out about how the space station was built and about some important research being done there.

Video

Mission to Mars, 2012

Imagine robots armed with rock-zapping lasers, roaming the surface of Mars, looking for signs of life! Watch this clip to discover how scientists actually landed Curiosity, one such roving robot, on Mars in 2012. Scientists hope it will provide important information about what is also known as the Red Planet. All aboard ...

Video

Dr Karl discusses the Earth's heat

Discover the activities deep within the Earth that could seriously impact life on Earth far into the future. Watch this video to find out about the sources of the Earth's own heat. Dr Karl explains clearly just what is below the Earth's surface and what is happening there. As well, he talks about changes in the Sun and ...

Video

Dr Karl discusses mining asteroids

Imagine an asteroid, half the size of a football field, hurtling towards Earth at a speed of 28,000 kilometres per hour! Watch this clip to find out about Asteroid 2012 DA14 and whether it poses any threat to Earth. You will also discover why mining prospectors are keen to capture asteroids such as this one. Could the next ...

Video

The Moon landing

Some say landing on the moon is as one of humanity's greatest achievements. Learn about the history of the moon landing and some of the challenges faced by scientists. See actual footage of the astronauts on the moon as part of the Apollo 11 mission.

Video

At the planetarium: Why do the stars move across the sky?

If you stand still and look up at the night sky for hours on end, you'll notice that the stars will move across the sky westwards. The truth is, it's not the stars that are moving, it's us! Do you know how the Earth moves in space? What do we orbit?

Video

A long history of planet Mars

Mars, the fourth planet from the Sun, is a cold, dry, desert-like place with a thin atmosphere and no signs of existing water or life. However, evidence suggests that its surface might once have looked very different, and that it possibly contained bodies of water. Watch this animation showing what Mars may have looked ...

Video

From Stonehenge to STEREO

Humans have been studying the sun for a long time, possibly because life on Earth is directly influenced by the sun. Why is the sun so vital to life on Earth? Think about what would happen to life on Earth if the sun didn't exist.

Online

Space explorers: Connected Learning Experience

This Connected Learning Experience (CLE) investigates the planets in the solar system.Students research, collect and use data about the planets in our solar system, in order to assess their suitability for human settlement.

Online

Space tourism: Connected Learning Experience

This Connected Learning Experience (CLE) investigates the digestive system in higher animals.Students will use a model to represent the scale distances between objects in the solar system. They will learn that scientific discoveries about space have been made by a range of people from different cultures, and that these ...

Interactive

NASA: Eyes Eclipse 2017

This interactive 3D simulation of the total eclipse of August 21st, 2017 enables users to navigate to different locations to watch a simulation of what the eclipse would look like from that area from start to finish. The simulation is available as a web and desktop applications suitable for most devices.

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Science Years 5–6 with Mrs Carmeli: Earth and Space – The Solar System

In this lesson, you will learn about the planets in our solar system, how they orbit the Sun and where the Earth is positioned. Mrs Carmeli will also show you how to make a scale drawing of a planet so you can make your own map of our solar system.