Science / Year 5 / Science Understanding / Physical sciences

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Light from a source forms shadows and can be absorbed, reflected and refracted (ACSSU080)

Elaborations
  • drawing simple labelled ray diagrams to show the paths of light from a source to our eyes
  • comparing shadows from point and extended light sources such as torches and fluorescent tubes
  • classifying materials as transparent, opaque or translucent based on whether light passes through them or is absorbed
  • recognising that the colour of an object depends on the properties of the object and the colour of the light source
  • exploring the use of mirrors to demonstrate the reflection of light
  • recognising the refraction of light at the surfaces of different transparent materials, such as when light travels from air to water or air to glass
ScOT terms

Light,  Waves (Energy)

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Light and reflection: using mirrors

Change the direction of a light beam using a mirror. Light the way for a scribe to see inside a pyramid. Position mirrors to direct a beam of sunlight. Choose mirrors that will reflect light at a suitable angle. Find animals on a dark night. Choose a mirror that will reflect light at a suitable angle. Notice that the light ...

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Light Shows

This comprehensive teacher resource explores the properties of light through a series of collaborative inquiry-based learning activities. Reflection, absorption and refraction of light, and consideration of how humans use light, are investigated using hands-on activities. Eight structured lessons are included, with comprehensive ...

Interactive resource

Light and reflection: light rays

Investigate whether light rays always travel in straight lines. Rotate circular walls, each of which has a single opening. Position the walls so that light from a central bulb can be seen by a person outside the walls. Make shadows by placing a range of objects between a light source and a screen. Position shapes to make ...

Teacher resource

Exploring light

This sequence of tasks and resources investigates light including how light is absorbed, reflected and refracted. Activities include looking at how a telescope uses light, and how light travelling through, or reflected from, surfaces can create illusions, images and shadows. The interactive resource ‘Optics and images’ ...

Interactive resource

Light and reflection: using mirrors: the forest

Find animals on a dark night. Position a mirror to direct a beam of light. Choose a mirror that willl reflect light at a suitable angle. Notice that the light always travels in a straight line. This learning object is one in a series of six objects. Some of the objects are also packaged as two combined learning objects.

Interactive Resource

Sites2See: Exploring energy for Primary

One page with links to websites with interactive resources, information and activities to support primary students investigating energy and the Climate Clever Energy Savers program.

Interactive resource

Optics and images: curved mirrors

Position lenses and mirrors to change the direction of light rays and produce images. Predict the properties of a reflection produced by a mirror according to its shape: flat, concave or convex. Explore how the distance of an object from a mirror affects the image produced. This learning object is the second in a series ...

Interactive resource

Light and reflection: using mirrors: the pyramid

Light the way for a scribe to see inside a pyramid. Position mirrors to direct a beam of sunlight. Choose mirrors that willl reflect light at a suitable angle. Notice that the light always travels in a straight line. This learning object is one in a series of six objects. Some of the objects are also packaged as two combined ...

Moving Image

Using a lens to bend light

How can a water-filled plastic straw be used to decode a secret message? Watch as the Surfing Scientist demonstrates how lenses with a curved surface do curious things to light.

Teacher resource

Backyard Science: shadows and colours

This resource including student video, provides opportunities for students to observe, explore and form conclusions about the interaction of light with materials which result in shadows and colour. Students will apply understandings of the terms transparent, translucent and opaque to classify materials and suggest an appropriate ...

Interactive resource

Optics and images

Position lenses and mirrors to change the direction of light rays and produce images. Predict the properties of a reflection produced by a mirror according to its shape: flat, concave or convex. Position a lens to produce a magnified image of an object. Explore how the curvature of a lens affects focal length and images ...

Interactive resource

Optics and images: lenses

Position lenses to change the direction of light rays and produce images. Predict the properties of an image produced by a lens according to its shape: concave or convex. Position a lens to produce a magnified image of an object. Explore how the curvature of a lens affects focal length and images produced. Produce real ...

Moving Image

Some objects look darker when wet

Why do some things look darker when they're wet, such as sand or clothing, and other things like stainless steel sinks don't? Watch as presenter Bernie Hobbs explains what happens when light hits water and how this influences the appearance of wet objects. This clip includes an animation that demonstrates the way light ...

Interactive Resource

Finding stuff out - iTunes app

Learn about structures, dinosaur teeth, recycling, plants, the sun and solids, liquids and gases through fun challenges. Free when reviewed on 12/5/2015.

Interactive resource

Optics and images: lenses [ESL]

Position lenses to change the direction of light rays and produce images. Predict the properties of an image produced by a lens according to its shape: concave or convex. Position a lens to produce a magnified image of an object. Explore how the curvature of a lens affects focal length and images produced. Produce real ...

Interactive Resource

DIY Sun Science - iTunes app

Try some hands on investigations that relate to learning about the Sun. Follow step-by-step procedures, read through explanations to find out why things happened and also view related video clips. Free when reviewed on 12/5/2015.

Moving Image

What shape is a rainbow?

All you need is water, the sky and sunlight and you’ve got something that’s colourful – with a pot of gold at each end. What is it? A rainbow! Find out what happens to sunlight inside a raindrop, why rainbow colours are always in the same order and the real shape of a rainbow. Tip: it’s not an arch!

Interactive resource

Optics and images: plane mirrors [ESL]

Position an object and a flat mirror to reflect light rays and produce images. Predict the size and position of the reflection produced. This learning object is the first in a series of three objects that progressively increase in difficulty.

Interactive resource

Optics and images: curved mirrors [ESL]

Position lenses and mirrors to change the direction of light rays and produce images. Predict the properties of a reflection produced by a mirror according to its shape: flat, concave or convex. Explore how the distance of an object from a mirror affects the image produced. This learning object is the second in a series ...

Moving Image

Why sunsets and sunrises will never be blue or green

Can you guess how many sunsets and sunrises an astronaut on the International Space Station sees every 24 hours? Sixteen! Imagine seeing all those spectacular colours so many times a day (even if the view lasts only a few seconds as they zoom by). Find out exactly why sunrises and sunsets are red, orange and golden but ...

Interactive resource

Lighting: light travels in straight lines

Align a light source with holes in panels to test the direction that light rays travel. This learning object is one in a series of two objects.

Interactive resource

Electrifying concert: lighting

Align a light source with holes in panels to test the direction that light rays travel. Assemble a spotlight and position its parts to create a range of lighting effects. This learning object is one in a series of two objects. The series is also packaged as a combined learning object.

Interactive resource

Optics and images: plane mirrors

Position an object and a flat mirror to reflect light rays and produce images. Predict the size and position of the reflection produced. This learning object is the first in a series of three objects that progressively increase in difficulty. The series is also packaged as a combined learning object.

Interactive resource

Eyeball challenge: stone wheel puzzle

Investigate a range of animal eyes: dog, cat, bee, fish, eagle and human. Discover how these animals see things in different ways because their eyes have different structures. For example, look at an animal's field of view, how it focuses and sees colours. Choose eyes with good close-up vision to solve a puzzle and unlock ...

Interactive resource

Colours of objects

Find out why some things appear coloured and others white or black. View four cards of unknown colour under four different coloured lights: red, green, blue and white. Notice how the cards can have different colours under different lights. Record your observations for each card in turn, and then use this data to determine ...

Interactive resource

Lighting: assemble the spotlight

Assemble a spotlight and position its parts to create a range of lighting effects. This learning object is one in a series of two objects.

Assessment resource

Additive colour: assessment

Test your understanding of coloured light including the effects of shining a beam of light through a prism, of mixing light and of shining different coloured light on objects. Answer multiple-choice questions and give your reasoning for your answers. Use animations of adding different coloured light from torches to predict ...

Assessment resource

Subtractive colour: assessment

Test your understanding of the effect of filters on white light. Select a filter, or combination of filters to produce a particular lighting effect. Answer multiple-choice questions and give your reasoning for your answers. Predict the effect of adding different coloured filters to white light. Then use animations to help ...

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Fair test

Run experiments in a plant research laboratory. Investigate the effects of different variables on the growth of lettuces, peas and tomatoes. Research the answers to questions about how to achieve optimum hydroponic growth conditions. Examine the effect of key variables on growth: nitrogen, temperature, light intensity and ...

Interactive resource

Fair test: growing tomatoes

Run experiments in a plant research laboratory. Investigate the effects of different variables on the growth of tomatoes. Research the answers to questions about how to achieve optimum hydroponic growth conditions. Examine the effect of key variables on growth: nitrogen, temperature, light intensity and light duration. ...