Science / Year 6 / Science Understanding / Earth and space sciences

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Curriculum content descriptions

Sudden geological changes and extreme weather events can affect Earth’s surface (ACSSU096)

Elaborations
  • investigating major geological events such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and tsunamis in Australia, the Asia region and throughout the world
  • recognising that earthquakes can cause tsunamis
  • describing how people measure significant geological events
  • exploring ways that scientific understanding can assist in natural disaster management to minimise both long- and short-term effects
  • considering the effect of drought on living and non-living aspects of the environment
ScOT terms

Weather,  Earth movements

Interactive resource

Earth

This learning object provides an introduction to the study of geology. Simple animations provide information about the inner structure of the Earth and the formation of tectonic plates; earthquakes; volcanoes and tsunamis. Each object includes a world map that shows diaster ‘hot spots’ where an a PDF document ‘The story ...

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Earthquake explorers

This is an extensive teaching unit focused on learning, through a collaborative, inquiry-based approach, about the causes of earthquakes, how they are measured and the damage they can cause. It includes comprehensive lesson plans, as well as student handouts and other teaching resources, for seven structured lessons that ...

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Below Earth's crust

Imagine tunnelling deep, deep below the Earth's surface. What do you think you would find thousands of kilometres down? Watch this clip to find out what is inside the Earth, what it's made up of and how hot it is. Find out about earthquakes, volcanoes, and geysers, and how they help us to understand about the composition ...

Interactive resource

World Wonders TV show: earthquake

Build a script about earthquakes for a television show. Help a researcher to sort facts and pictures. Use a model structure, sample text and images to build an explanation. Include sections on causes, processes and effects. Connect ideas in the script by adding joining words such as 'however' and 'finally'. This learning ...

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Geology reveals how Earth changes

See how geology can tell us a story about how Earth has changed over time, as well as help predict natural disasters and save lives. Find out how geology can help you understand the world around you even when you are at the beach.

Collection

Earthquakes

You might not realise but the ground beneath us never stops moving. Only when the movement is sudden and powerful do we take note.

Interactive Resource

Tsunami: the ultimate guide

This comprehensive web resource provides a series of six interactive slide shows (chapters) that introduce the cause and impacts of tsunami with a focus on Australia, Asia and Pacific regions. Produced by experts in the field, this information is clearly and simply described. The engaging presentation is enriched with photography, ...

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Ecological effects of bushfires

Did you know that Australia is the most flammable continent on Earth? Watch this clip to discover how bushfires impact natural ecosystems, and how the increasing global threat of bushfires may affect Australia. Australian scientists explain the ecological consequences of fire and a US expert describes his concerns for the future.

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Tsunamis

Discover what powerful force triggers a tsunami. In this clip you will see the damage caused by tsunami, and find out why it occurred. Learn about what is happening on the ocean floor and the connection between tsunamis, earthquakes, volcanoes and tectonic plates. See how a warning centre is working to keep people safe ...

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Predicting earthquakes

Will scientists ever be able to accurately predict earthquakes? Imagine the number of lives that could be saved if this were possible. Dr Maryanne Demasi joins a group of researchers drilling into one of the most earthquake-prone regions on Earth as they try to improve earthquake prediction to add precious seconds to earthquake ...

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Volcanoes: birth, life and death

This is a short animated sequence with a voice-over covering the internal structure and activity of a volcano. It is suitable for upper primary students.

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Volcanoes and people

Imagine living in the shadow of a volcano? Well, millions of people do in Naples, Italy, where a massive volcano called Vesuvius exists. This clip explores the dangers posed by volcanoes and investigates some recent and ancient eruptions. Find out some misconceptions about volcanoes and discover how science is helping prevent ...

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Dr Karl discusses the Earth's heat

Discover the activities deep within the Earth that could seriously impact life on Earth far into the future. Watch this video to find out about the sources of the Earth's own heat. Dr Karl explains clearly just what is below the Earth's surface and what is happening there. As well, he talks about changes in the Sun and ...

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New Zealand's earthquakes

Damaged buildings, flooded roads, and crashed cars! No, it's not a bad dream; it's actually the aftermath of an earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand, in 2011. Find out about what causes earthquakes, the damage they cause, and why Christchurch was rocked by two quakes within six months. This clip includes footage of earthquake ...

Interactive Resource

Sites2See – earthquakes

Resources on the topic of earthquakes to help explore the human and physical dimensions. Links to maps and interactive activities on plate tectonics, with a particular focus on the Caribbean plate, the movement of which caused the devastating earthquake in Haiti in January 2010, and links to news and information about the ...

Interactive Resource

Sites2See: What is climate change?

A page to address the question What is climate change? from the definition, to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as the foremost authority, and selected links covering aspects of that question with games, graphics, activities, information sites, resource packs and video interviews, for teachers and students. ...

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Tropical cyclones

This is a Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) web page about tropical cyclones. The resource explains what tropical cyclones are and includes a diagram showing the parts of Australia where they occur, indicating which months of the year each region is affected. It describes the impact of tropical cyclones on Australia, using Tropical ...

Collection

Water scarcity

Water is one of the world's most important resources and over seven billion people across the planet rely on it. This collection looks at why global scarcity of water is a serious concern and what we can do in our homes and gardens to conserve it.

Teacher resource

What makes a weather event extreme?

In this sequence of tasks and resources students will investigate some of the extreme weather events that occur in Australia and globally. Students can view and explore the conditions under which extreme weather events occur, including a bushfire, drought, cyclone, flood and tsunami. Students are guided to investigate the ...

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Bushfire disaster, Victoria 2009

Investigate Victoria's devastating bushfires of 2009 and find out why they have been called Australia's worst ever natural disaster. In this clip you will see the ferocious fires that ripped through parts of Victoria, destroying bushland, farms, houses, schools and cars. Find out what made these fires so devastating.