Science / Year 7 / Science Understanding / Earth and space sciences

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Curriculum content descriptions

Predictable phenomena on Earth, including seasons and eclipses, are caused by the relative positions of the sun, Earth and the moon (ACSSU115)

Elaborations
  • investigating natural phenomena such as lunar and solar eclipses, seasons and phases of the moon
  • comparing times for the rotation of Earth, the sun and moon, and comparing the times for the orbits of Earth and the moon
  • modelling the relative movements of the Earth, sun and moon and how natural phenomena such as solar and lunar eclipses and phases of the moon occur
  • explaining why different regions of the Earth experience different seasonal conditions
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Orbits,  Seasons

Interactive resource

Eclipses

See how the Moon orbits the Earth as the Earth orbits the Sun. Control the motion of the Moon in its orbit around the Earth. Work out how the Moon goes through different phases during a lunar month. Work out how solar eclipses and lunar eclipses happen. Find out why different types of eclipses can occur. See why solar eclipses ...

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Seasons

Control the motion of the Earth in its orbit around the Sun. Work out how the Earth’s orbit and the tilt of its axis determine seasons in the different hemispheres. Work out how the Earth’s orbit and the tilt of its axis determine day length in the different hemispheres. Examine the heating effect of the Sun. Compare seasons ...

Interactive resource

Earth rotation: night and day [ESL]

Watch an animation of the Earth rotating in space showing day and night, the equinox where locations on Earth experience close to equal hours of daytime and night-time (12 hours) and views of the Earth from above the North and South Poles. Turn an animated model of the Earth to explore how rotation is related to night and ...

Interactive Resource

Earth and space: student digital activities

This is a set of student digital activities about Earth's resources and the night sky and space that contains a rich array of interactive activities, film clips and notebook questions to assist learning. It is part of a comprehensive curriculum resource that covers Earth and space sciences and Physical sciences physics ...

Assessment resource

Solar eclipse: assessment

Test your understanding of the phenomena of solar eclipses by manipulating interactive models in response to directions, by answering multiple-choice questions and by responding to open-ended questions. View and print a report on your work. This assessment object is one in a series of two objects.

Assessment resource

Lunar cycles: moon phases: assessment

Test your understanding of moon phases by completing ten multiple-choice questions. For example: identify how long it takes for the Moon to make one complete orbit around the Earth; choose an explanation for moon phases. Experiment with a model to help you answer the questions. For instance, move the position of the Moon ...

Interactive resource

Eclipses: solar eclipse

See how the Moon orbits the Earth as the Earth orbits the Sun. Control the motion of the Moon in its orbit around the Earth. Work out how the Moon goes through different phases during a lunar month. Work out how solar eclipses happen. Find out why different types of eclipses can occur. See why solar eclipses are rare. Find ...

Interactive resource

Seasons: Earth and the Sun

Control the motion of the Earth in its orbit around the Sun. Examine the heating effect of the Sun. For example, explore why it is colder at the poles than at the equator. This learning object is part of a series of four objects. The series is also packaged as a combined learning object.

Interactive resource

Eclipses: lunar eclipse

See how the Moon orbits the Earth as the Earth orbits the Sun. Control the motion of the Moon in its orbit around the Earth. Work out how the Moon goes through different phases during a lunar month. Work out how lunar eclipses happen. Find out why different types of eclipses can occur. Find the connection between Moon phases ...

Interactive Resource

NASA: Eyes Eclipse 2017

This interactive 3D simulation of the total eclipse of August 21st, 2017 enables users to navigate to different locations to watch a simulation of what the eclipse would look like from that area from start to finish. The simulation is available as a web and desktop applications suitable for most devices.

Assessment resource

Seasons: Earth's orbit: assessment

Test your understanding of why some parts of the Earth experience seasons. Create a model to show the relationship between the Earth and the Sun, and use it to explain how the Earth’s orbit and the tilt of its axis determine the seasons in the different hemispheres. Using a simplified model of the Earth and Sun, predict ...

Text

Earth and space: student guide

This is a student guide about Earth's resources and the night sky and space that contains information and hands-on inquiry activities. It is part of a comprehensive curriculum resource that covers Earth and space science and Physical sciences physics content descriptions in year 7 of the science curriculum. The resource ...

Moving Image

An eclipse of the Moon

The phases of the Moon and lunar eclipses occur due to the Moon's orbit of Earth, and its position in relation to both the Earth and the Sun. Watch this animation showing a model of the Moon's orbit, its phases and a lunar eclipse. Discover what a total lunar eclipse is and what causes the red colour of a 'blood moon'.

Moving Image

The Moon landing

Some say landing on the moon is as one of humanity's greatest achievements. Learn about the history of the moon landing and some of the challenges faced by scientists. See actual footage of the astronauts on the moon as part of the Apollo 11 mission.

Interactive resource

Seasons: the hemispheres

Control the motion of the Earth in its orbit around the Sun. Work out how the Earth’s orbit and the tilt of its axis determine day length in the different hemispheres. For example, work out the equinoxes. This learning object is part of a series of four objects. The series is also packaged as a combined learning object.

Teacher resource

Earth and space: teacher guide

This is a teacher guide about Earth's resources and the night sky and space that provides an overview of lessons including worksheets and assessment. It is part of a comprehensive curriculum resource that covers Earth and space sciences and Physical sciences physics content descriptions in year 7 of the science curriculum. ...

Moving Image

A long history of the Moon

The Moon is a familiar object in the night sky and impacts life on Earth as it orbits our planet. Watch this animation showing how the moon has changed since its formation 4.5 billion years ago. See how the Moon's surface altered over time as volcanoes and asteroids created the basins and craters present on the Moon today.

Interactive resource

Following the Moon: eclipses and shadows

Look at how sunlight is blocked during solar and lunar eclipses. Examine diagrams showing positions of the Sun, Moon and Earth. Notice that the umbra and penumbra of the Moon are 'shadows' on the Earth during a solar eclipse. See how the Earth blocks sunlight during a lunar eclipse.

Interactive resource

Seasons: Earth's orbit

Control the motion of the Earth in its orbit around the Sun. Work out how the Earth’s orbit and the tilt of its axis determine seasons in the different hemispheres. Compare seasons at different locations on the Earth. For example, work out that when it is summer in China, it is winter in Australia. This learning object ...

Interactive Resource

Solar System Quiz

This is a non-threatening ten question multiple choice quiz that gives students feedback on their understanding of our solar system that continues to reveal amazing facts and inspire some out-of-this-world fantasy. Excellent explanations given in the feedback. A useful resource to stimulate discussion or establish student ...