Close message Scootle has stopped supporting resources that use the Adobe Flash plug-in from 18 Dec 2020. Learning paths that include these resources will have alerts to notify teachers and students that one or more of the resources will be unavailable. Click here for more info.

Science / Year 8 / Science Understanding / Earth and space sciences

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rocks contain minerals and are formed by processes that occur within Earth over a variety of timescales (ACSSU153)

Elaborations
  • representing the stages in the formation of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks, including indications of timescales involved
  • identifying a range of common rock types using a key based on observable physical and chemical properties
  • recognising that rocks are a collection of different minerals
  • considering the role of forces and energy in the formation of different types of rocks and minerals
  • recognising that some rocks and minerals, such as ores, provide valuable resources
ScOT terms

Rock types,  Minerals (Mineralogy),  Earth movements

Refine by learning area

Refine by topic

Related topic * No suggestions
Online

Earth rocks

Explore how forces and energy are continually shaping and changing the Earth's surface. Find out about fast and slow changes and the connection between them first observed by English scientist Charles Lyell. Discover the Earth's age, how rocks form, what they contain, and what they reveal about the Earth's long history.

Online

Earthquakes

You might not realise but the ground beneath us never stops moving. Only when the movement is sudden and powerful do we take note.

Online

Fossils to fuels

What are fossil fuels? How do they form? What do we use them for? Could renewable energies, like hydro, wind and solar, replace fossil fuels in the future?

Video

Rock recipes

Explore the different types of minerals inside rocks. See that most rock-forming minerals are made up of just two common elements. Discover that most minerals are made up of the same basic building blocks put together in different ways, and that this can explain some of their properties.

Online

The rock cycle: Connected Learning Experience

This online resource is a Connected Learning Experience (CLE) explore the rock cycle.In this investigation, students explore the processes in the rock cycle that result in new rocks being formed. Through hands-on investigation, they learn about the formation and properties of the different types of rocks.

Online

Digging palaeontology

Palaeontologists piece together what ancient life looked like by observing fossilised remains, like an insect from 20 million years ago, dino droppings, tracks and egg shells.

Interactive

Oresome world

This interactive resource takes students on a journey of discovery in the energy and mining world. Oresome world contains five games or modules: Coal, Energy, Gas, Low emissions and Mining, and within each of these there are several facilities to explore, such as the Underground mining site, Hydroelectric power station, ...

Video

Ancient fish out of water

See fossil evidence of the largest Devonian lobe-finned fish ever found. Known as the Age of the Fishes, the Devonian period marks an important time in the evolution of land animals. Find out why this fossil is an important find.

Video

The Richmond pliosaur - an ancient predator

Not all fossils creatures were dinosaurs. This pliosaur swam and hunted for fish in the Cretaceous sea. It was a marine reptile, like a distant relative of our modern lizards. The Richmond pliosaur is one of the most complete pliosaur skeletons ever found in Australia. Visit the fossil site where it was found.

Video

Diprotodon: fossils and extinction

When did Diprotodon die out? To answer this question, teams of scientists and volunteers are working together to excavate Diprotodon bones and study the landscape where they're found. Go on the road with Catalyst to the 'badlands' of South Australia and investigate the evidence behind Diprotodon extinction.

Video

Erosion moves rocks and soil

Imagine the power of wind and water as mountains are worn down and sent to the sea. Recognise the importance of water as it moves particles of different sizes and deposits them to form new soils that support plant and animal life. Consider evidence that erosion is an important process in the formation of new rock in a continual ...

Video

Fossils and the Earth's past

Imagine what the world looked like hundreds of millions of years ago. Watch this clip to discover how fossils are preserved and what they tell us about the Earth's past. Find out about trilobites, an intriguing, ancient creature that lived in the sea during the Cambrian period. Their fossils are a piece of the past helping ...

Video

Minmi, Australia's ankylosaur dinosaur

Dr Ben Kear, a paleontologist at La Trobe University, introduces Minmi, one of Australia's most famous dinosaurs. It's an armoured dinosaur, a small ankylosaurus coverered in nodules of bone and bony spikes. Meet the man that discovered Minmi.

Video

An ichthyosaur from the age of dinosaurs

Take a close look at a fossilised ichthyosaur skeleton with Maria Zammit, a PhD student from the University of Adelaide. Maria is studying the ichthyosaur and comparing it with dolphins and other living marine creatures to try to work out how it swam.

Video

Come sit in a dinosaur's footstep

Explore an extinct landscape along the Kimberley coastline and discover huge dinosaur footprints, frozen in time. Sauropods, ornithopods, theropods and many more dinosaurs left their tracks here 130 million years ago. Scientists are investigating fossilised trackways in the Broome Sandstone for clues about the past, helped ...

Video

Meet muttaburrasaurus, a plant-eating Australian dinosaur

Dr Ben Kear, a paleontologist at La Trobe University, introduces muttaburrasaurus, a dinosaur found near Muttaburra in Queensland. Muttburrasaurus was a giant herbivore, a plant eater. What does its fossilised skull really look like?

Video

Below Earth's crust

Imagine tunnelling deep, deep below the Earth's surface. What do you think you would find thousands of kilometres down? Watch this clip to find out what is inside the Earth, what it's made up of and how hot it is. Find out about earthquakes, volcanoes, and geysers, and how they help us to understand about the composition ...

Video

Earth's rocks

Discover the main rock types and how they are formed. Find out about the rock cycle and how the Earth is constantly re-forming rocks. Find out what you can learn about the history of a rock from looking at its crystal composition and patterns.

Video

Fossils and the evolution of life

Have you ever wondered how scientists know when the early mammals appeared on Earth, or how long ago dinosaurs died out? Watch this clip to discover the role of fossils, and the rocks they are found in, in revealing the order and history of life on Earth. This clip takes you to fossil sites in Queensland; and to Shark Bay ...

Video

Formation of ancient rock layers

Discover how our understanding of rocks has developed over time and the role played by mining. The way rocks are formed, and what they are composed of, tells us a lot about what has occurred on Earth in the past. Watch this clip to find out about the formation of ancient rock layers, and what we find inside very old rocks.