Science / Year 9 / Science Understanding / Physical sciences

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Curriculum content descriptions

Energy transfer through different mediums can be explained using wave and particle models (ACSSU182)

Elaborations
  • exploring how and why the movement of energy varies according to the medium through which it is transferred
  • discussing the wave and particle models and how they are useful for understanding aspects of phenomena
  • investigating the transfer of heat in terms of convection, conduction and radiation, and identifying situations in which each occurs
  • understanding the processes underlying convection and conduction in terms of the particle model
  • investigating factors that affect the transfer of energy through an electric circuit
  • exploring the properties of waves, and situations where energy is transferred in the form of waves, such as sound and light
ScOT terms

Sound,  Energy conversion,  Waves (Energy),  Electromagnetic radiation,  Heat

Interactive resource

Wiring: the series circuit

Investigate current flow in series electrical circuits. Explore the effects of switches and breaks in the circuit. Relate circuit diagrams to actual circuits. See how circuits can be modelled by water flow. This learning object is one in a series of three objects.

Interactive resource

Wiring: the parallel circuit

Add components to complete parallel electrical circuits. Explore the effects of switches on current flows. Relate circuit diagrams to actual circuits. See how circuits can be modelled by water flow. This learning object is one in a series of three objects.

Interactive resource

Resistors: Ohm's Law

Build a simple circuit and explore the effect of adding a resistor. Explore the relationship between voltage (V), current (I) and resistance (R). This learning object is one in a series of four objects. The series is also packaged as a combined learning object.

Interactive Resource

Energy: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials exploring many aspects of energy including the different forms of energy, the energy of moving things, heat, electricity, energy in food, and sources of energy used by modern societies. This resource contains a rich array of digital interactive activities, ...

Interactive Resource

Conduction of heat in solids

This is an interactive resource that simulates the conduction of heat through a solid bar. When heat is applied to one end of the material, the movement of particles and the temperature of the solid at any point along the length of the bar can be observed. The intensity of the flame can be varied, the simulation can be ...

Interactive resource

Seeing with sound: sound lab tool

Explore how sound travels as a wave. Look closely at simulated sound waves in an oscilloscope. Test the effects of changing wave properties: frequency, wavelength and amplitude. Transmit sounds in a range of mediums: air, water or steel. Examine definitions of wave properties and notice that sound travels faster in denser ...

Interactive Resource

Light sound action: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials relevant to a study of light, sound, and electricity. This resource contains a rich array of digital interactive activities, simulations, video clips, supportive information and notebook questions, and is divided into several parts including sections ...

MovingImage

Series Circuits

In this simulation students select and move a battery, switch and two light bulbs to positions around a circuit so that the light bulbs are in series with each other. Students receive feedback if their circuit is not a functioning series circuit. Students drag and drop a battery, switch, and two light bulbs into position ...

MovingImage

Parallel Circuits

In this simulation students select and move a battery, switch and two light bulbs to positions around a circuit so that the light bulbs are parallel to each other. Students receive feedback if their circuit is not a functioning parallel circuit. Students drag and drop a battery, switch, and two light bulbs into position ...

Interactive resource

Optics and refraction

Look at light rays travelling through air, glass and water. Notice how light bends as it enters a new substance. Explore how the angle of refraction is affected by the nature of the substance and by the curvature at the boundary between substances. Examine how curvature and thickness of a lens affect focal length. This ...

Interactive resource

Seeing with sound: sound lab quiz

Explore how sound travels as a wave. Examine diagrams and simulations to answer a series of questions about sound properties. For example, identify how sound waves compress particles. Transmit sounds using a range of tools such as a hammer, whistle or snare drum. Examine definitions of wave properties and notice that sound ...

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Seeing with sound: sound lab tour

Explore how sound travels as a wave. Examine diagrams and simulations to answer a series of questions about sound properties. For example, identify the effects of compression waves on the vibration speed of particles. Test the effects of changing wave properties: frequency, wavelength and amplitude. Transmit sounds in a ...

Collection

Renewable energy

Humans have used fossil fuels since around 1000 BC but our natural resources are ever-decreasing. There's never been a more important time to learn about solar, wind, hydro and other renewable energies.

Moving Image

A jar of electricity?

In the 1700s, Dutch scientist Pieter van Musschenbroek discovered a way of storing electrical energy in a glass jar, known as a Leyden jar. Today, we call energy-storing devices 'capacitors', and they have many uses in electrical systems. Find out how experimentation (and a mistake) led to this important invention.

Interactive Resource

Sites2See: Surf safety

A webpage about surfing safety, dangerous waves and rips, and the history and science of surfing. A 'For Kids' section provides games and quizzes for young swimmers and surfers.

Interactive Resource

Series and Parallel Circuits

Students use this resource consisting of three slides with diagrams, written explanation and voice-over to understand how to the arrangement of bulbs in series and parallel circuits and understand the differences between them. There is a two-question quiz and a summary slide.

Interactive resource

Optics and refraction: different substances

Look at light rays travelling through air, glass and water. Notice how light bends as it enters a new substance. Explore how the angle of refraction is affected by the nature of the substance and by the curvature at the boundary between substances. This learning object is one in a series of three objects. The series is ...

Interactive resource

How a rheostat works

Find out how a rheostat may be used to control the current in an electric circuit. Explore two differently designed rheostats in your investigation: a dial rheostat and a slider rheostat. Connect the dial rheostat into the electric circuit, adjust the knob and note the brightness of the light bulb. Do this for three variations ...

Interactive Resource

Oresome world

This interactive resource takes students on a journey of discovery in the energy and mining world. Oresome world contains five games or modules: Coal, Energy, Gas, Low emissions and Mining, and within each of these there are several facilities to explore, such as the Underground mining site, Hydroelectric power station, ...

Text

Energy: student guide

This is a student guide that explores many aspects of energy including the different forms of energy, the energy of moving things, electricity, energy in food, and sources of energy used by modern societies. It is divided into different parts with each containing information, images and diagrams, hands-on inquiry activities, ...