Science / Year 10 / Science Understanding / Chemical sciences

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Curriculum content descriptions

Different types of chemical reactions are used to produce a range of products and can occur at different rates (ACSSU187)

Elaborations
  • investigating how chemistry can be used to produce a range of useful substances such as fuels, metals and pharmaceuticals
  • predicting the products of different types of simple chemical reactions
  • using word or symbol equations to represent chemical reactions
  • investigating the effect of a range of factors, such as temperature and catalysts, on the rate of chemical reactions
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Reaction rates,  Chemical synthesis

Interactive

Oresome world

This interactive resource takes students on a journey of discovery in the energy and mining world. Oresome world contains five games or modules: Coal, Energy, Gas, Low emissions and Mining, and within each of these there are several facilities to explore, such as the Underground mining site, Hydroelectric power station, ...

Online

Green packaging lesson

This lesson plan engages students in finding ways to reduce plastic waste in food packaging. Students investigate problems created by plastic waste then observe ways these issues are being addressed. They design new packaging for food items that currently produce excessive waste then test their designs objectively. The ...

Audio

Water-powered engine theories need hosing down

This ABC article by Dr Karl addresses the question: will we one day be able to power cars with water? The chemical reactions involved in the formation and decomposition of water are described. Energy transformations are explained. A very useful resource to get students thinking.

Audio

Mercury is released as coal is burnt in power stations

This resource describes research into environmental disease resulting from the heavy metal mercury. It is estimated 60,000 babies are born each year in the United States with mercury-related diseases from the burning of coal in power stations. World wide, this is a significant problem. Mercury also enters the environment ...

Interactive

pH scale

Students use this resource consisting of eight slides with diagrams, written explanation and voice-over to understand that pH is a measure of the strength of an acid or alkali and how to interpret the colours of universal indicator solution. There is a two-question quiz and a summary slide.

Video

Structures and Bonding

This simulation allows students to explore the chemical reactions between hydrogen, oxygen, carbon, nitrogen and chlorine. They can form water, carbon dioxide, hydrochloric acid, ammonia and methane. Word and chemical equations are provided. The diagrams distinguish single, double and triple bonds and shapes of molecules.

Text

Low-carb cars

This ABC In Depth feature article explores the electric car as an alternative to petrol and diesel vehicles, with a brief reference to hydrogen powered cars. This article is comprehensive, but it is dated at 2008.

Interactive

Reaction of Metals with Acid

Students use this resource consisting of four slides with diagrams, written explanation and voice-over to understand that metals react with acid to produce salt and hydrogen and find out how to test for hydrogen gas. The reactivity series of metals is demonstrated. There is a two-question quiz and a summary slide.

Online

Biofuels

This is a unit of work about ethanol and other biofuels. The unit revises students understanding of the carbon cycle and renewable and non-renewable fuel sources. The inquiry focuses on a series of experiments that examine the effect of temperature on the fermentation of yeast and to determine the flash point of ethanol ...

Video

Biofuels – From Sorghum to Ethanol (video)

This is a video [6:05 min] about the production of ethanol from sorghum at the Dalby Bio-Refinery in Queensland. The video describes and illustrates the stages in the production process including milling the sorghum into ‘flour’; mixing the flour with water to hydrolyse the starch; adding enzymes to liquefy the starch (the ...

Video

The Reaction of Metals with Acid

Students use this simulation to learn that react with hydrochloric acid to produce salt and hydrogen and find out how to test for hydrogen gas. The notice that sodium reacts violently and that magnesium reacts more quickly than zinc but that the hydrogen gas test is positive for both. Word equations are provided for all reactions.

Text

Metal reactivity

Identify metals based on their reactivity with metal ions in solution. This is an activity sheet providing instructions for an experiment based on the 'Metal reactivity' series. It includes a blank data table and a photograph of the experimental set-up.