Science / Year 10 / Science Understanding / Chemical sciences

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Different types of chemical reactions are used to produce a range of products and can occur at different rates (ACSSU187)

Elaborations
  • investigating how chemistry can be used to produce a range of useful substances such as fuels, metals and pharmaceuticals
  • predicting the products of different types of simple chemical reactions
  • using word or symbol equations to represent chemical reactions
  • investigating the effect of a range of factors, such as temperature and catalysts, on the rate of chemical reactions
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Reaction rates,  Chemical synthesis

Interactive resource

Chemical reactions: balancing equations

Investigate chemical reactions at a molecular level. Balance chemical equations. For example, explore how nitrogen combines with hydrogen to produce ammonia. Work out the number of molecules of each substance needed to balance the chemical equation. This learning object is one in a series of six objects. The series is also ...

Interactive resource

Chemical reactions: combustion

Investigate chemical reactions at a molecular level. Break apart molecules of oxygen and another substance into their component atoms and rearrange them to make molecules of new substances. For example, explore how methane burns in oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water. Work out the number of molecules of each substance ...

Interactive resource

Chemical reactions: energy

Investigate chemical reactions at a molecular level. Break apart molecules of two substances into their component atoms and rearrange them to make molecules of new substances. For example, explore how nitric oxide combines with oxygen to produce nitrogen dioxide. Work out the number of molecules of each substance needed ...

Interactive resource

Chemical reactions: reaction reshuffles

Investigate chemical reactions at a molecular level. Examine collisions between molecules of two reactants. Adjust the ratios of the reactants and compare the outcomes. Identify the number of molecules involved in a balanced reaction. For example, two A molecules combine with a B2 molecule to form a molecule of A2B2. This ...

Interactive Resource

Oresome world

This interactive resource takes students on a journey of discovery in the energy and mining world. Oresome world contains five games or modules: Coal, Energy, Gas, Low emissions and Mining, and within each of these there are several facilities to explore, such as the Underground mining site, Hydroelectric power station, ...

Moving Image

The bang behind fireworks!

Ever wondered how fireworks are created? In this clip, pyrotechnics expert John Conkling describes the chemical and physical components of fireworks, and demonstrates many coloured explosions in a laboratory. Discover that a fireworks display is a chemical reaction between an oxidiser such as potassium nitrate and a fuel ...

Interactive Resource

Chemical patterns: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials exploring many aspects of chemical reactions and properties including elements in the periodic table, chemical reaction rates, and the chemistry of fuels and plastics. This resource contains a rich array of digital interactive activities, video clips, ...

Interactive resource

Chemical reactions: non-combustion

Investigate chemical reactions at a molecular level. Break apart molecules of two substances into their component atoms and rearrange them to make molecules of new substances. For example, explore how sulfur reacts with hydrogen to produce hydrogen sulfide. Work out the number of molecules of each substance needed to balance ...

Interactive resource

Chemical reactions: energy released by fuel

Investigate chemical reactions at a molecular level. Break apart molecules of oxygen and a fuel into their component atoms and rearrange them to make molecules of new substances. For example, explore how glucose burns in oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water. Work out the number of molecules of each substance needed ...

Interactive Resource

Reaction of Metals with Acid

Students use this resource consisting of four slides with diagrams, written explanation and voice-over to understand that metals react with acid to produce salt and hydrogen and find out how to test for hydrogen gas. The reactivity series of metals is demonstrated. There is a two-question quiz and a summary slide.

Moving Image

Chemistry of rotten eggs, and more

Want to know if an egg is rotten, why onions bring on tears and what makes green vegetables turn brown after cooking? Watch this clip to discover the chemistry behind these and other everyday problems. Find out about the chemical reactions, compounds and elements involved, and learn some simple chemistry-inspired solutions.

Interactive Resource

Laptop Wrap: Chemical Equations

A page with a focus on completing and balancing chemical equations with supporting activities and links to resources.

Moving Image

Chemical catalysts

Have you ever heard of a catalyst? Watch as the Surfing Scientist, Ruben Meerman, demonstrates the power of a catalyst. He adds one to just two other ingredients to create a chemical reaction with spectacular foaming results - just like elephant toothpaste!

Text

Chemical Patterns: student guide

This is a student guide that takes an in-depth look at the periodic table, the properties of metals, chemical reaction rates, and the chemistry of fuels and plastics including future materials and applications. This resource contains different parts, each with information, images and diagrams, inquiry activities with detailed ...

MovingImage

Structures and Bonding

This simulation allows students to explore the chemical reactions between hydrogen, oxygen, carbon, nitrogen and chlorine. They can form water, carbon dioxide, hydrochloric acid, ammonia and methane. Word and chemical equations are provided. The diagrams distinguish single, double and triple bonds and shapes of molecules.

Interactive Resource

pH scale

Students use this resource consisting of eight slides with diagrams, written explanation and voice-over to understand that pH is a measure of the strength of an acid or alkali and how to interpret the colours of universal indicator solution. There is a two-question quiz and a summary slide.

Moving Image

Carbon dioxide (CO2) fire extinguisher

Different types of chemical reactions are used in many everyday products. Watch this clip to see how two common household substances can be combined to create an 'Invisible Candle Extinguisher'.

Teacher resource

Chemical patterns: teacher guide

This is a teacher guide that contains an overview of lessons relevant to a unit on chemical patterns and reactions. It contains resources to assist planning and implementing a study of the different elements, the location of elements on the Periodic Table, metals, chemical reactions including reaction rates, and chemistry ...

Teacher resource

Natural resource fact sheet: nitrogen

This resource is a two-page fact sheet, in pdf format, about the role and importance of nitrogen in agricultural systems. The first page of the fact sheet describes biological fixing of nitrogen and the history and process involved in the industrial production of nitrogen fertilisers, the different forms of nitrogen in ...

Teacher resource

Fuels: biofuels part 2: distilling an ethanol mixture - practical activity

In this practical activity, students perform a microscale distillation of an ethanol solution, which models the kind of process that is used to separate bioethanol from a fermentation mixture. This experiment is the second of three experiments on fuels. It follows on from, and provides support material for, the practical ...