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Science / Year 10 / Science Understanding / Earth and space sciences

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The universe contains features including galaxies, stars and solar systems, and the Big Bang theory can be used to explain the origin of the universe (ACSSU188)

Elaborations
  • identifying the evidence supporting the Big Bang theory, such as Edwin Hubble’s observations and the detection of microwave radiation
  • recognising that the age of the universe can be derived using knowledge of the Big Bang theory
  • describing how the evolution of the universe, including the formation of galaxies and stars, has continued since the Big Bang
ScOT terms

Universe

Video

Threshold 1: The Big Bang

This short video offers an overview of The Big Bang - the unanswered questions about what preceded it, and the existence of space and time after it, as well as matter and energy. The forms that energy and matter then took is explained.

Video

Threshold 2: The Stars Light Up

This short video gives an overview of the emergence of the first atoms, hydrogen and helium, 380,000 years after the Big Bang. The effects of gravity led to tiny variations in the density of matter throughout the Universe, which in turn became heated, resulting in fusion and the emergence of the first stars, galaxies, and ...

Video

What emerged from the Big Bang?

This 13 minute video in 3 parts explains how the Big Bang theory developed by looking at the evidence that supports it, including Hubble's theory of the birth of the universe, Hoyle's naming of it and Einstein's theory of energy and matter. Part 2 looks at what happened after the Big Bang - the emergence of the 4 fundamental ...

Video

Why is Pluto not a planet?

Watch this clip and learn why Pluto was taken off the official list of planets. Dr Karl Kruszelnicki explains the three criteria that must be met before planets can be called planets. What are they?

Video

SKA to help unlock the secrets of the universe

Radio astronomy is on the verge of developing groundbreaking technology that will allow scientists to see into the furthest reaches of the universe. The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) will be the most powerful radio telescope ever built. See how it has been designed and the developments that have been made so far.

Video

When neutron stars collide

Using technologically advanced supercomputers, scientists have developed theories about the creation of black holes deep in outer space. Watch the computer simulation in this clip to see how the collision of two neutron stars produces a gamma ray burst and a new black hole. Discover that our continuing understanding of ...

Video

Chaos in space

How would you describe the universe? One way to describe it would be to call it chaotic. There is constant flux as new stars are born and others disappear. The Big Bang theory posits that all this activity began billions of years ago with a hot 'big bang' as all the matter concentrated in a single point began to expand. ...

Online

Science Futures: teacher guide

This teacher guide provides an overview of a unit of work on the future of science with an emphasis on the nature of science, emerging technologies and potential applications, and the development of science literacy including science in the media, science innovators and political policy. Designed as a culminating unit in ...

Interactive

Science Futures: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials for exploring space and the universe, future technologies and applications, and science literacy. This resource contains a rich array of digital interactive activities, video clips, images and diagrams, supportive information and notebook questions, ...

Text

Science Futures: student guide

This students guide focuses on three main themes: the nature of the Universe and space; the future of science and new technologies; and science literacy in the modern world. This resource contains different parts or chapters, each with information, images and diagrams, inquiry activities, discussion questions, and links ...

Video

Our sun has a sibling!

Astronomers have found one of our sun's siblings! Could this star system have planets, like our solar system, and be another home for life? Watch this clip and find out how scientists made this discovery. What is our sun's sibling like? How many other siblings could there be? What is panspermia? And how do stars form in ...

Audio

Parkes telescope

The Parkes telescope, is a large radio telescope located in Parkes, New South Wales. It has played a role in assisting international space missions including Apollo 11. This audio clip features Neil Armstrong describing his first step on to the moon. Listen to the benefits of linking radio telescopes into an array.

Video

Square Kilometre Array (SKA), 2011

Find out about Australia's super science project - the Square Kilometre Array (SKA). Listen to astronomy experts discuss Australia's bid to be the home of the world's first SKA (telescope). See the telescope Australian scientists built to demonstrate their technological capabilities and help secure the bid. Find out what ...

Video

The biggest radio telescope in the world

In the past, astronomers explored the universe with their eyes and optical telescopes, but what they could see was limited. Find out how radio telescopes have revolutionised the way astronomers 'see' the universe, allowing us to explore deeper into space than ever before.Watch this clip to learn about Australia's contribution ...

Video

Gamma rays and space balloons

Have you ever wondered how scientists know so much about the universe when it's too far away to see and no one has ever been there? It's not just by using telescopes based on Earth. Watch as an international team of astrophysicists and engineers attempt to launch a balloon high into the atmosphere, loaded with expensive ...

Video

Birth of radio astronomy

Did you know that some of the most ground-breaking scientific discoveries were made by chance (serendipity)? Discover the link between static on a telephone line and the invention of the radio telescope that has helped scientists find new clues to the origin of the universe.

Video

At the planetarium: Stars in the southern hemisphere

Have you heard of the Southern Cross? It's a constellation (a grouping of stars) that can be found in the southern hemisphere. What does it look like? See if you can follow the tips from this video and find it in the sky at night!

Interactive

Kamay – looking up

This resource explores the navigation techniques used during the journey of the Endeavour and contrasts these with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander navigational and astronomical systems that have been in place for many thousands of years. This learning sequence contains activities suitable for Year 7 - Year 10 science ...

Video

Living on the International Space Station

What would it be like to live on a space station? In this clip you'll see footage of astronauts on the International Space Station and discover what their daily life is like. You'll also find out about how the space station was built and about some important research being done there.

Video

Dr Karl discusses the Earth's heat

Discover the activities deep within the Earth that could seriously impact life on Earth far into the future. Watch this video to find out about the sources of the Earth's own heat. Dr Karl explains clearly just what is below the Earth's surface and what is happening there. As well, he talks about changes in the Sun and ...