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Science / Year 10 / Science Understanding / Earth and space sciences

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The universe contains features including galaxies, stars and solar systems, and the Big Bang theory can be used to explain the origin of the universe (ACSSU188)

Elaborations
  • identifying the evidence supporting the Big Bang theory, such as Edwin Hubble’s observations and the detection of microwave radiation
  • recognising that the age of the universe can be derived using knowledge of the Big Bang theory
  • describing how the evolution of the universe, including the formation of galaxies and stars, has continued since the Big Bang
ScOT terms

Universe

Interactive Resource

Science Futures: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials for exploring space and the universe, future technologies and applications, and science literacy. This resource contains a rich array of digital interactive activities, video clips, images and diagrams, supportive information and notebook questions, ...

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Why is Pluto not a planet?

Watch this clip and learn why Pluto was taken off the official list of planets. Dr Karl Kruszelnicki explains the three criteria that must be met before planets can be called planets. What are they?

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Threshold 1: The Big Bang

This short video offers an overview of The Big Bang - the unanswered questions about what preceded it, and the existence of space and time after it, as well as matter and energy. The forms that energy and matter then took is explained.

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What emerged from the Big Bang?

This 13 minute video in 3 parts explains how the Big Bang theory developed by looking at the evidence that supports it, including Hubble's theory of the birth of the universe, Hoyle's naming of it and Einstein's theory of energy and matter. Part 2 looks at what happened after the Big Bang - the emergence of the 4 fundamental ...

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Science Futures: student guide

This students guide focuses on three main themes: the nature of the Universe and space; the future of science and new technologies; and science literacy in the modern world. This resource contains different parts or chapters, each with information, images and diagrams, inquiry activities, discussion questions, and links ...

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Chaos in space

How would you describe the universe? One way to describe it would be to call it chaotic. There is constant flux as new stars are born and others disappear. The Big Bang theory posits that all this activity began billions of years ago with a hot 'big bang' as all the matter concentrated in a single point began to expand. ...

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When neutron stars collide

Using technologically advanced supercomputers, scientists have developed theories about the creation of black holes deep in outer space. Watch the computer simulation in this clip to see how the collision of two neutron stars produces a gamma ray burst and a new black hole. Discover that our continuing understanding of ...

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Space storms

This 11 minute video segment from Catalyst explains how the sun can impact on Earth's power grid and satellite communications. This program also describes recent technology to study the sun and understand the causes of coronal mass ejections.

Interactive Resource

Night Sky Quiz

This is a ten question multiple choice quiz that gives students feedback on their understanding of about the nature of the night sky and the universe. A useful resource to determine what students already know or to promote discussion. Feedback provides some excellent explanations.

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Threshold 2: The Stars Light Up

This short video gives an overview of the emergence of the first atoms, hydrogen and helium, 380,000 years after the Big Bang. The effects of gravity led to tiny variations in the density of matter throughout the Universe, which in turn became heated, resulting in fusion and the emergence of the first stars, galaxies, and ...

Teacher resource

Expansion of the universe: Connected Learning Experience (CLE)

This Connected Learning Experience is designed to investigate Edwin Hubble's observations as evidence for the Big Bang theory. In 1929, Hubble discovered that the light from distant galaxies was 'red shifted' and that the further a galaxy is form Earth, the faster it is moving away. This was evidence for the expansion of ...

Interactive Resource

Sites2See: Astronomy for secondary

A small galaxy of sites and resources, starting with Galileo's discoveries. Includes interviews and masterclasses with Australian astronomers, task-based laptop wraps, and images from NASA and Astro-photographer David Malin.

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Discover some of the mysteries of the universe!

Watch and listen as Dr Graham Phillips explains what has been discovered about our universe in the last decade or so. What did the WMAP satellite study? What did it confirm? The scientists in this story talk about being surprised to find that the universe is expanding at an increasing pace. What do they say is responsible ...

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Our sun has a sibling!

Astronomers have found one of our sun's siblings! Could this star system have planets, like our solar system, and be another home for life? Watch this clip and find out how scientists made this discovery. What is our sun's sibling like? How many other siblings could there be? What is panspermia? And how do stars form in ...

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Space telescopes and servicing Hubble

This radio interview gives examples of how improvements in technology have influenced astronomy. The Space Shuttle Atlantis is paying a service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, repairing, replacing and deploying new equipment. Jonathan Nally describes the mission and looks at other large telescopes in orbit now, and ...

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Gamma rays and space balloons

Have you ever wondered how scientists know so much about the universe when it's too far away to see and no one has ever been there? It's not just by using telescopes based on Earth. Watch as an international team of astrophysicists and engineers attempt to launch a balloon high into the atmosphere, loaded with expensive ...

Teacher resource

Our universe

This is a unit of work designed to help students investigate how evidence was gathered and used by scientists to support the Big Bang theory and discount other theories. Students examine how new technologies have enabled scientists to observe and gather data about the universe to explain its fate. An additional information ...

Teacher resource

Science Futures: teacher guide

This teacher guide provides an overview of a unit of work on the future of science with an emphasis on the nature of science, emerging technologies and potential applications, and the development of science literacy including science in the media, science innovators and political policy. Designed as a culminating unit in ...

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At the planetarium: Stars in the southern hemisphere

Have you heard of the Southern Cross? It's a constellation (a grouping of stars) that can be found in the southern hemisphere. What does it look like? See if you can follow the tips from this video and find it in the sky at night!

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SKA to help unlock the secrets of the universe

Radio astronomy is on the verge of developing groundbreaking technology that will allow scientists to see into the furthest reaches of the universe. The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) will be the most powerful radio telescope ever built. See how it has been designed and the developments that have been made so far.