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Science / Year 10 / Science Understanding / Physical sciences

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Energy conservation in a system can be explained by describing energy transfers and transformations (ACSSU190)

Elaborations
  • recognising that the Law of Conservation of Energy explains that total energy is maintained in energy transfer and transformation
  • recognising that in energy transfer and transformation, a variety of processes can occur, so that the usable energy is reduced and the system is not 100% efficient
  • comparing energy changes in interactions such as car crashes, pendulums, lifting and dropping
  • using models to describe how energy is transferred and transformed within systems
ScOT terms

Energy conversion

Interactive Resource

Energy: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials exploring many aspects of energy including the different forms of energy, the energy of moving things, heat, electricity, energy in food, and sources of energy used by modern societies. This resource contains a rich array of digital interactive activities, ...

Interactive Resource

Energy skate park

This is an interactive resource about the potential and kinetic energy changes as a skater rolls around a skate park. Students learn about conservation of energy with a skater, they can build tracks, ramps and jumps for the skater and view the kinetic energy, potential energy and friction as he moves. Students can also ...

Interactive Resource

Energy skate park: basics

This is an interactive teaching and learning resource that years 7 to 10 secondary school students can use to simulate the motion of a skateboarder descending and ascending on a variety of tracks. Height, speed and energy conservation are visually displayed. The skater's mass and starting height, as well as the drag he ...

Interactive Resource

Motion and Energy Transfer: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials for exploring many aspects of energy including energy transfers and conservation, force and energy transfers in systems, energy efficiency, the motion of objects, and acceleration and Newton’s laws. This resource contains a rich array of digital interactive ...

Moving Image

How does the retina work?

When electrons in your retina absorb photons of light they don't emit light, they cause a molecule to change shape - and that lets you see colour!

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Renewable energy

Humans have used fossil fuels since around 1000 BC but our natural resources are ever-decreasing. There's never been a more important time to learn about solar, wind, hydro and other renewable energies.

Teacher resource

Collisions and biomechanics lesson

This lesson plan investigates ways in which automobile manufacturers seek to reduce injuries that occur in car accidents. Students note the effects of car accidents on human bodies, the factors that influence the type and severity of injuries, and the safety ratings of vehicles in which they travel regularly. The resource ...

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Motion and Energy Transfer: student guide

This is a student guide that takes an in-depth look at motion, energy transfers and transformations, force and energy systems, energy efficiency, and the movement and the acceleration of objects. This resource contains different parts or chapters, each with information, images and diagrams, inquiry activities with detailed ...

Teacher resource

Motion and Energy Transfer: teacher guide

This is a teacher guide containing materials to support the planning and implementation of a unit of work on motion and energy. It contains lessons and inquiry sequences on topics including energy transfers and transformations in systems and events, different forms of energy, the energy of moving things, Newton’s laws, ...

Interactive Resource

2024 Dreaming

Explore options for houses, work, food and transport in 2024 in this multimedia presentation from Radio National. A useful resource for stimulating discussion about applications of science and implications for society and the environment as well as current issues and developments in science. Gives examples of how different ...

Interactive Resource

Projectile motion

This is an interactive resource about projectile motion. Students use a simulation of a cannon to fire various objects. They can set the firing angle, initial speed, height and mass, with or without air resistance. Students are encouraged to make a game out of this simulation by trying to hit a target. This interactive ...

Interactive Resource

Thermal comfort – sustainability action process (Years 7–10)

This thermal comfort learning resource will guide students through an extended school based investigation. Students will develop and implement a chosen sustainability action and then evaluate and reflect on their success and their learning.

Teacher resource

Basic electric circuits part 2: measuring current with a multimeter - practical activity

In this practical activity, students measure the amount of current flowing in series and parallel circuits and explore the effects of adding different numbers of globes into the circuits. This experiment is the second of three experiments on basic electric circuits; in the first, students investigate series and parallel ...

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Electricity generation from geothermal energy in Australia

This is an online information resource that explains how electricity is generated from geothermal sources in Australia and includes three diagrams supporting and demonstrating the information provided in the text. It contains six sections: Geothermal systems; Potential advantages of geothermal power generation in Australia; ...

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Fossils to fuels

What are fossil fuels? How do they form? What do we use them for? Could renewable energies, like hydro, wind and solar, replace fossil fuels in the future?

Interactive Resource

Sites2See: Light and Matter

Links to resources to explore fundamental questions about light and matter and the application of the physics of light and matter to the past, the future and to space. Includes a quick quiz, links to additional DEC NSW physics resources and to the International Science School at the University of Sydney.

Teacher resource

Conserving energy in the skate park - teacher resource

This resource is a professional learning package designed for pre-service teachers. It demonstrates and investigates the interrelated content, pedagogy and technology knowledge used in a series of science lessons that focus on the concept of conservation of energy. The resource provides video footage of a teacher teaching ...

Moving Image

Energy and the solar challenge

The way we live depends on energy but we can't see or touch it. Discover how early scientists unravelled the mystery of energy that allows us to harness its power to improve our lives. Track the development of energy converters from massive steam-driven engines through to the high technology of solar energy used in the ...

Teacher resource

Basic electric circuits part 3: measuring voltage with a multimeter - practical activity

In this practical activity, students measure the voltage across the battery and globes in series and parallel circuits and explore the relationship between the voltages. This experiment is the third of three experiments on basic electric circuits; in the first, students investigate series and parallel circuits, and in the ...

Moving Image

Can photons and atoms generate laser?

Electrons around atoms can absorb and emit photons of particular colours of light – see three different atomic models explain what's going on.