Science / Year 10 / Science Understanding / Physical sciences

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Energy conservation in a system can be explained by describing energy transfers and transformations (ACSSU190)

Elaborations
  • recognising that the Law of Conservation of Energy explains that total energy is maintained in energy transfer and transformation
  • recognising that in energy transfer and transformation, a variety of processes can occur, so that the usable energy is reduced and the system is not 100% efficient
  • comparing energy changes in interactions such as car crashes, pendulums, lifting and dropping
  • using models to describe how energy is transferred and transformed within systems
ScOT terms

Energy conversion

Interactive Resource

Energy: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials exploring many aspects of energy including the different forms of energy, the energy of moving things, heat, electricity, energy in food, and sources of energy used by modern societies. This resource contains a rich array of digital interactive activities, ...

Interactive Resource

Energy skate park

This is an interactive resource about the potential and kinetic energy changes as a skater rolls around a skate park. Students learn about conservation of energy with a skater, they can build tracks, ramps and jumps for the skater and view the kinetic energy, potential energy and friction as he moves. Students can also ...

Interactive Resource

Motion and Energy Transfer: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials for exploring many aspects of energy including energy transfers and conservation, force and energy transfers in systems, energy efficiency, the motion of objects, and acceleration and Newton’s laws. This resource contains a rich array of digital interactive ...

Collection

Renewable energy

Humans have used fossil fuels since around 1000 BC but our natural resources are ever-decreasing. There's never been a more important time to learn about solar, wind, hydro and other renewable energies.

Interactive Resource

Projectile motion

This is an interactive resource about projectile motion. Students use a simulation of a cannon to fire various objects. They can set the firing angle, initial speed, height and mass, with or without air resistance. Students are encouraged to make a game out of this simulation by trying to hit a target. This interactive ...

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Motion and Energy Transfer: student guide

This is a student guide that takes an in-depth look at motion, energy transfers and transformations, force and energy systems, energy efficiency, and the movement and the acceleration of objects. This resource contains different parts or chapters, each with information, images and diagrams, inquiry activities with detailed ...

Interactive Resource

Energy skate park: basics

This is an interactive teaching and learning resource that years 7 to 10 secondary school students can use to simulate the motion of a skateboarder descending and ascending on a variety of tracks. Height, speed and energy conservation are visually displayed. The skater's mass and starting height, as well as the drag he ...

Collection

Fossils to fuels

What are fossil fuels? How do they form? What do we use them for? Could renewable energies, like hydro, wind and solar, replace fossil fuels in the future?

Collection

A robot future

Have you ever met a robot? Visit the National Museum of Australia and you could meet Kasparov and Chesster, the robotic tour guides. They work using patented WiFi technology developed right here in Australia by the CSIRO. Let's explore the impact of robots and other WiFi innovations in science and in our lives today.

Interactive Resource

2024 Dreaming

Explore options for houses, work, food and transport in 2024 in this multimedia presentation from Radio National. A useful resource for stimulating discussion about applications of science and implications for society and the environment as well as current issues and developments in science. Gives examples of how different ...

Teacher resource

Basic electric circuits part 1: series and parallel circuits - practical activity

In this practical activity, students investigate and compare series and parallel circuits. This experiment is the first of three experiments on basic electric circuits; in the second, students measure current in series and parallel circuits, and in the third, students measure voltage in series and parallel circuits. The ...

Teacher resource

Energy transfers and transformations - practical activity

This practical activity is a round-robin experiment in which students rotate between different work stations where they investigate devices and processes in which energy transfers and energy transformations take place. The resource is one of 13 practical activities based around the broad themes of global warming, energy, ...

Interactive Resource

Sites2See: Light and Matter

Links to resources to explore fundamental questions about light and matter and the application of the physics of light and matter to the past, the future and to space. Includes a quick quiz, links to additional DEC NSW physics resources and to the International Science School at the University of Sydney.

Teacher resource

Basic electric circuits part 2: measuring current with a multimeter - practical activity

In this practical activity, students measure the amount of current flowing in series and parallel circuits and explore the effects of adding different numbers of globes into the circuits. This experiment is the second of three experiments on basic electric circuits; in the first, students investigate series and parallel ...

Teacher resource

Motion and Energy Transfer: teacher guide

This is a teacher guide containing materials to support the planning and implementation of a unit of work on motion and energy. It contains lessons and inquiry sequences on topics including energy transfers and transformations in systems and events, different forms of energy, the energy of moving things, Newton’s laws, ...

Moving Image

How does the retina work?

When electrons in your retina absorb photons of light they don't emit light, they cause a molecule to change shape - and that lets you see colour!

Teacher resource

Basic electric circuits part 3: measuring voltage with a multimeter - practical activity

In this practical activity, students measure the voltage across the battery and globes in series and parallel circuits and explore the relationship between the voltages. This experiment is the third of three experiments on basic electric circuits; in the first, students investigate series and parallel circuits, and in the ...

Teacher resource

The egg bungee jump: Connected Learning Experience (CLE)

This Connected Learning Experience is designed to investigate motion and energy transformations by modelling a bungee jump with an egg. This CLE provides teachers with an inquiry-based investigation supported by a teaching and learning plan, background information (including maths concepts, possible student misconceptions ...

Teacher resource

Energy transfers and transformations

At Greenwood Senior High School, Hannah, a graduate teacher, sets her students the task of measuring the dependent variable in a science experiment. The experiment measures the motion and energy of an object in a virtual environment, where the user modifies the independent variable (ie the nature of the object, or the environment). ...

Moving Image

Energy and the solar challenge

The way we live depends on energy but we can't see or touch it. Discover how early scientists unravelled the mystery of energy that allows us to harness its power to improve our lives. Track the development of energy converters from massive steam-driven engines through to the high technology of solar energy used in the ...