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Science / Year 8 / Science Understanding / Chemical sciences

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Chemical change involves substances reacting to form new substances (ACSSU225)

Elaborations
  • identifying the differences between chemical and physical changes
  • identifying evidence that a chemical change has taken place
  • investigating simple reactions such as combining elements to make a compound
  • recognising that the chemical properties of a substance, for example its flammability and ability to corrode, will affect its use
ScOT terms

Chemical reactions,  Molecular structure

Video

Precious metals

Why are some metals prized more for jewellery than others? Listen to presenter Bernie Hobbs explain the chemical reaction that affects the look and durability of metals. Using the periodic table and some dazzling computer graphics, Bernie demonstrates why 'oxygen-proof, low-reactivity, transition metals' such as gold keep ...

Online

The Australian Museum Science Festival

Find out about some of the great things on offer at the Australian Museum Science Festival. View some of the workshops and experiments at the Australian Museum, Sydney.

Interactive

NOVA Elements - iTunes app

Explore the elements contained in the periodic table and the structure of some molecules found in everyday items. Build an element by adding the correct number of protons, neutrons and electrons, and construct a molecule by correctly placing atoms onto the structure. Symbols and formulas used to represent elements and molecules ...

Online

Cells and the molecules of life

Take a look at cells, and some of their components, starting from the very beginning of life on Earth. Speculate on the origin of the molecules of life and investigate how they combine to create the structure and function of cells.

Interactive

Oresome world

This interactive resource takes students on a journey of discovery in the energy and mining world. Oresome world contains five games or modules: Coal, Energy, Gas, Low emissions and Mining, and within each of these there are several facilities to explore, such as the Underground mining site, Hydroelectric power station, ...

Video

Hot chilli contest

Why does eating a chilli give your mouth a burning sensation? Watch the fun as Adam and Dr Karl put three contestants through a chilli-eating contest to explain why chillies taste hot. Then discover the secret antidote to chilli heat.

Video

Magic tricks revealed using chemistry

Some magic tricks, such as disappearing ink or candles that won't blow out, can be explained by chemistry. In this clip, three classroom chemistry experiments demonstrate that some familiar magic tricks rely on acid-base chemical reactions, and the properties and behaviour of gases. Watch closely if you've ever wanted to ...

Video

The bang behind fireworks!

Ever wondered how fireworks are created? In this clip, pyrotechnics expert John Conkling describes the chemical and physical components of fireworks, and demonstrates many coloured explosions in a laboratory. Discover that a fireworks display is a chemical reaction between an oxidiser such as potassium nitrate and a fuel ...

Video

Chemistry of rotten eggs, and more

Want to know if an egg is rotten, why onions bring on tears and what makes green vegetables turn brown after cooking? Watch this clip to discover the chemistry behind these and other everyday problems. Find out about the chemical reactions, compounds and elements involved, and learn some simple chemistry-inspired solutions.

Video

Dyeing with red cabbage!

Many natural products, such as red cabbage and turmeric, can be used as a natural source of colour to dye fibres. Watch the dyeing demonstration in this clip to see how. Discover the chemistry of natural dyes, including the bonding properties of different pigments and how acid-base reactions can alter the colour of pH-sensitive ...

Video

Graphene: the new wonder material

Graphene is perhaps the most significant new material produced in recent years. It has many potential applications in electrical devices, biomedical technology and solar energy. Graphene is a form (allotrope) of carbon with some special chemical and physical properties. Watch this clip to explore the molecular structure, ...

Video

Make your own rocket fuel...!?!

You know what happens when the pressure in a bottle reaches extreme levels: KABOOM! Discover with Ruben and Bernie how mixing together some everyday household chemicals can fuel a fizzy fountain or a model rocket, with spectacular results. This is chemistry in motion.

Video

Lip balm from sheep wool

Learn about the science behind lip balm. Find out about the special properties of lanolin, a natural product obtained from the fleece of sheep, and how it is used in the cosmetics industry.

Video

Check the pH before jumping into this wetland!

Can you imagine a wetland so acidic that its pH levels are similar to the acid in a car battery? It's part of a problem that scientists call acid mud. In this clip from 2008, see how it forms and what scientists are doing to better understand this environmental disaster.

Video

What makes salt and sugar so different?

Have you ever accidentally sprinkled sugar on your dinner or spooned salt into your coffee? Those white crystals might look the same but they taste very different because they are made of different kinds of atoms bonded in different ways. Discover how chemists identify what kinds of atoms a compound is made of, then find ...

Video

Hydrogen and its properties

Imagine the possibilities if we could turn the most abundant element in the universe into a source of fuel. Watch as the Surfing Scientist, Ruben Meerman, investigates the properties of hydrogen and then demonstrates its potential as a fuel when he sets fire to hydrogen-filled soap bubbles.

Video

Underground coal gasification

How are scientists using technology to get energy out of coal without having to dig it up? Find out how underground coal gasification (UCG) burns and converts the coal to gas underground. Visit UCG trial sites in Queensland and hear how UCG avoids some of the environmental effects of traditional coal mining, but may have ...

Video

How our bodies burn food for energy

We burn food for energy in our bodies. Chemically it's the same as burning fuel for energy in cars and rockets. Listen to Bernie Hobbs explain more about combustion reactions. Discover why we don't burst into flames when we burn food in our cells.

Video

Fountain of fizz

Have you ever wondered how many bubbles there are in a bottle of soft drink? What if they all shot out the bottle at the same time in a fountain of fizz! Watch as Ruben Meerman, the Surfing Scientist explores where bubbles come from and how they form, with spectacular results!

Video

Rock recipes

Explore the different types of minerals inside rocks. See that most rock-forming minerals are made up of just two common elements. Discover that most minerals are made up of the same basic building blocks put together in different ways, and that this can explain some of their properties.