Science / Year 10 / Science Understanding / Physical sciences

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The motion of objects can be described and predicted using the laws of physics (ACSSU229)

Elaborations
  • gathering data to analyse everyday motions produced by forces, such as measurements of distance and time, speed, force, mass and acceleration
  • recognising that a stationary object, or a moving object with constant motion, has balanced forces acting on it
  • using Newton’s Second Law to predict how a force affects the movement of an object
  • recognising and applying Newton’s Third Law to describe the effect of interactions between two objects
ScOT terms

Motion

Interactive Resource

Energy: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials exploring many aspects of energy including the different forms of energy, the energy of moving things, heat, electricity, energy in food, and sources of energy used by modern societies. This resource contains a rich array of digital interactive activities, ...

Interactive resource

Accelerate

Pilot a spaceship in deep space. Investigate how the thrust of the engines and the mass of the ship affect its acceleration. Discover how these concepts are related as explained by Newton's second law of motion. Find out how friction affects the motion of the spacecraft. Examine velocity-time line graphs showing acceleration ...

Interactive Resource

Energy skate park

This is an interactive resource about the potential and kinetic energy changes as a skater rolls around a skate park. Students learn about conservation of energy with a skater, they can build tracks, ramps and jumps for the skater and view the kinetic energy, potential energy and friction as he moves. Students can also ...

Interactive Resource

Motion and Energy Transfer: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials for exploring many aspects of energy including energy transfers and conservation, force and energy transfers in systems, energy efficiency, the motion of objects, and acceleration and Newton’s laws. This resource contains a rich array of digital interactive ...

Interactive resource

Accelerate: force

Pilot a spaceship in deep space. Investigate how the thrust of the engines affect the spaceship's acceleration. Discover how the power and acceleration are related as explained by Newton's second law of motion. Examine velocity-time line graphs showing acceleration as the gradient. This learning object is one of three learning ...

Interactive Resource

Sites2See: Surf safety

A webpage about surfing safety, dangerous waves and rips, and the history and science of surfing. A 'For Kids' section provides games and quizzes for young swimmers and surfers.

Moving Image

Do heavier things fall faster?

Will a medicine ball or a basketball hit the ground first when dropped at the same time from the same height? In this clip, Catalyst's Dr Derek Muller investigates what influences the speed at which objects fall. Derek challenges some people in a market to make a prediction and explain their thinking, before he finally ...

Interactive Resource

Projectile motion

This is an interactive resource about projectile motion. Students use a simulation of a cannon to fire various objects. They can set the firing angle, initial speed, height and mass, with or without air resistance. Students are encouraged to make a game out of this simulation by trying to hit a target. This interactive ...

Interactive Resource

Distance-time Graphs

Students use this resource consisting of ten slides with diagrams, written explanation and voice-over to understand how to plot a distance-time graph and understand what it shows. There is a two-question quiz and a summary slide.

Interactive Resource

Measuring Speed

Students use this resource consisting of eleven slides with diagrams, written explanation and voice-over to understand how to work out the speed of a moving object and understand how to make calculations using the relationship between speed, distance and time. There is a two-question quiz and a summary slide.

Text

Motion and Energy Transfer: student guide

This is a student guide that takes an in-depth look at motion, energy transfers and transformations, force and energy systems, energy efficiency, and the movement and the acceleration of objects. This resource contains different parts or chapters, each with information, images and diagrams, inquiry activities with detailed ...

Interactive resource

Accelerate: mass

Pilot a spaceship in deep space. Investigate how the mass of the ship affect its acceleration. Discover how these concepts are related as explained by Newton's second law of motion. Examine velocity-time line graphs showing acceleration as the gradient. This learning object is one in a series of three objects. The series ...

Moving Image

Toffee-powered rocket bike

Space rockets are powered by a combustion reaction in which a fuel reacts with oxygen. In this clip, a science reporter builds a bike propelled by toffee (a high-energy solid that burns) and nitrous oxide, which provides oxygen for the reaction. You'll be amazed to see what happens when he adds peanuts to the toffee. Don't ...

Moving Image

A force with strings attached!

Have you ever swung a bucket of water in a circular path? The water seems to defy gravity. Check out this investigation, which explores the force that holds a cup of water in place while in a circular motion. The force is a centripetal force. Discover that gravity, which keeps planets in orbit, is also a centripetal force.

Moving Image

Do different things fall faster?

Want to find out what happens when you drop a watermelon and an apple from the top of a building? In this clip, Bernie Hobbs and Ruben Meerman, investigate whether the mass of an object influences how fast it falls. Bernie and Ruben ride the 'Giant Drop' at Dreamworld, drop a watermelon and apple from an eighth floor balcony, ...

Moving Image

The magic of friction

Friction is the force between surfaces that makes it difficult for them to move across each other. See how our science reporter demonstrates the role friction plays in pulling a tablecloth out from under a vase of flowers. Find out how the surface of different materials determines their slipperiness.

MovingImage

Sports motion

This four and a half minute video segment from Catalyst provides an example of how a datalogger can be used to monitor aspects of an athlete's motion and technique. It gives examples of how science and technology interact to benefit training for a range of sports.

Interactive resource

Accelerate: friction

Pilot a spaceship in deep space. Find out how friction affects the motion of the spacecraft. Examine velocity-time line graphs showing acceleration as the gradient. This learning object is one in a series of three objects. The series is also packaged as a combined learning object.

Interactive Resource

Was Galileo right?

This is an interactive resource about the effect of gravity on objects of various mass during free fall. Students investigate the effect of gravity on two objects and predict what the position-time and velocity-time graphs will look like. They then compare graphs for the light and heavy objects and explain the differences, ...

Interactive Resource

experiMENTALS: Gravity defying wheel

This resource contains a materials and instruction list and brief explanation for students about the process of demonstrating resistance to change in a spinning a bike wheel to observe the principles of a gyroscope.