Science / Year 10 / Science Understanding / Physical sciences

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Curriculum content descriptions

The motion of objects can be described and predicted using the laws of physics (ACSSU229)

Elaborations
  • gathering data to analyse everyday motions produced by forces, such as measurements of distance and time, speed, force, mass and acceleration
  • recognising that a stationary object, or a moving object with constant motion, has balanced forces acting on it
  • using Newton’s Second Law to predict how a force affects the movement of an object
  • recognising and applying Newton’s Third Law to describe the effect of interactions between two objects
ScOT terms

Motion

Interactive Resource

Energy: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials exploring many aspects of energy including the different forms of energy, the energy of moving things, heat, electricity, energy in food, and sources of energy used by modern societies. This resource contains a rich array of digital interactive activities, ...

Interactive Resource

Energy skate park

This is an interactive resource about the potential and kinetic energy changes as a skater rolls around a skate park. Students learn about conservation of energy with a skater, they can build tracks, ramps and jumps for the skater and view the kinetic energy, potential energy and friction as he moves. Students can also ...

Interactive resource

Accelerate

Pilot a spaceship in deep space. Investigate how the thrust of the engines and the mass of the ship affect its acceleration. Discover how these concepts are related as explained by Newton's second law of motion. Find out how friction affects the motion of the spacecraft. Examine velocity-time line graphs showing acceleration ...

Interactive Resource

Motion and Energy Transfer: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials for exploring many aspects of energy including energy transfers and conservation, force and energy transfers in systems, energy efficiency, the motion of objects, and acceleration and Newton’s laws. This resource contains a rich array of digital interactive ...

Interactive Resource

Sites2See: Surf safety

A webpage about surfing safety, dangerous waves and rips, and the history and science of surfing. A 'For Kids' section provides games and quizzes for young swimmers and surfers.

Interactive resource

Accelerate: force

Pilot a spaceship in deep space. Investigate how the thrust of the engines affect the spaceship's acceleration. Discover how the power and acceleration are related as explained by Newton's second law of motion. Examine velocity-time line graphs showing acceleration as the gradient. This learning object is one of three learning ...

Moving Image

Do heavier things fall faster?

Will a medicine ball or a basketball hit the ground first when dropped at the same time from the same height? In this clip, Catalyst's Dr Derek Muller investigates what influences the speed at which objects fall. Derek challenges some people in a market to make a prediction and explain their thinking, before he finally ...

Interactive Resource

Projectile motion

This is an interactive resource about projectile motion. Students use a simulation of a cannon to fire various objects. They can set the firing angle, initial speed, height and mass, with or without air resistance. Students are encouraged to make a game out of this simulation by trying to hit a target. This interactive ...

Interactive resource

Accelerate: mass

Pilot a spaceship in deep space. Investigate how the mass of the ship affect its acceleration. Discover how these concepts are related as explained by Newton's second law of motion. Examine velocity-time line graphs showing acceleration as the gradient. This learning object is one in a series of three objects. The series ...

Interactive Resource

Measuring Speed

Students use this resource consisting of eleven slides with diagrams, written explanation and voice-over to understand how to work out the speed of a moving object and understand how to make calculations using the relationship between speed, distance and time. There is a two-question quiz and a summary slide.

Interactive Resource

Distance-time Graphs

Students use this resource consisting of ten slides with diagrams, written explanation and voice-over to understand how to plot a distance-time graph and understand what it shows. There is a two-question quiz and a summary slide.

Text

Motion and Energy Transfer: student guide

This is a student guide that takes an in-depth look at motion, energy transfers and transformations, force and energy systems, energy efficiency, and the movement and the acceleration of objects. This resource contains different parts or chapters, each with information, images and diagrams, inquiry activities with detailed ...

Moving Image

Do different things fall faster?

Want to find out what happens when you drop a watermelon and an apple from the top of a building? In this clip, Bernie Hobbs and Ruben Meerman, investigate whether the mass of an object influences how fast it falls. Bernie and Ruben ride the 'Giant Drop' at Dreamworld, drop a watermelon and apple from an eighth floor balcony, ...

Interactive Resource

Was Galileo right?

This is an interactive resource about the effect of gravity on objects of various mass during free fall. Students investigate the effect of gravity on two objects and predict what the position-time and velocity-time graphs will look like. They then compare graphs for the light and heavy objects and explain the differences, ...

Interactive resource

Accelerate: friction

Pilot a spaceship in deep space. Find out how friction affects the motion of the spacecraft. Examine velocity-time line graphs showing acceleration as the gradient. This learning object is one in a series of three objects. The series is also packaged as a combined learning object.

Interactive Resource

experiMENTALS: Gravity defying wheel

This resource contains a materials and instruction list and brief explanation for students about the process of demonstrating resistance to change in a spinning a bike wheel to observe the principles of a gyroscope.

Interactive Resource

Sites2See: Spreadsheets for science

A page with example resources, exemplars and advice to help integrate spread sheet use in teaching and learning for science. Includes suggestions for use, tutorials and information on research and benefits, plus links to a range of related resources, including a teacher guide to using Microsoft Excel in the classroom

Moving Image

Meteorites, asteroids, orbiting and gravity

Learn how Galileo Galilei's work overturned Aristotle's ideas about falling objects and led to an understanding that Earth revolves around the sun. Find out how Isaac Newton showed that the laws of motion on Earth and in space are the same, and that he discovered that the gravitational force of attraction between any two ...

Audio

Space telescopes and servicing Hubble

This radio interview gives examples of how improvements in technology have influenced astronomy. The Space Shuttle Atlantis is paying a service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, repairing, replacing and deploying new equipment. Jonathan Nally describes the mission and looks at other large telescopes in orbit now, and ...

Moving Image

Speeding: a little is a lot

As the speed of a car increases, the amount of energy also increases. When speeds above 60 km per hour are reached, the risk of crashing increases exponentially. Watch this animated road safety clip to discover how speed impacts on reaction time and braking distance, increasing the rate of crash risk.