Close message Scootle has stopped supporting resources that use the Adobe Flash plug-in from 18 Dec 2020. Learning paths that include these resources will have alerts to notify teachers and students that one or more of the resources will be unavailable. Click here for more info.

Design and technologies / Year 3 and 4 / Design and Technologies Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Recognise the role of people in design and technologies occupations and explore factors, including sustainability that impact on the design of products, services and environments to meet community needs (ACTDEK010)

Elaborations
  • exploring, playing with and testing materials for their appropriateness, for example materials for a new sun-shade product
  • examining the suitability of a service or everyday system and proposing improvements, for example a water saving system for a bathroom at home
  • investigating materials, components, tools and equipment, including by using digital technologies, to discover their characteristics and properties, how they can be used more sustainably and their impact in the future
  • considering the impact of environments on users, for example a school vegetable garden, a protected outdoor play area
  • exploring and testing factors that impact on design decisions, for example considering the demographics of an area or the impact of natural disasters on design of constructed environments such as the structural design of buildings in Japan to withstand earthquakes
  • critiquing designed products, services and environments to establish the factors that influence the design and use of common technologies, for example the characteristics that contribute to energy-efficient cooking such as wok cooking; the suitability and sustainable use of particular timbers
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Designers,  Engineers,  Environmental sustainability,  Design,  Energy efficient design

Video

Fast agriculture facts

This is a video giving statistical information about Australian farmers and the food and fibre they produce. It is presented by Will, a primary-school-aged boy, who points out that farmers are innovative, tech-savvy and responsive to research. The video uses scenes of Australian farms and text and graphics on screen to ...

Video

Lunchbox Legends - the people behind your lunch (Animation)

This is a video about the various occupations involved in developing and producing the food used in a ham and salad lunch roll. The video is presented by Will, a primary-school-aged boy, who identifies and describes nine occupations in several broad groups including researchers, growers of plant food; producers of animal ...

Video

Introduction 'Technology' in AgriBusiness (Animation)

This is a video about how Australian farmers embrace technology. Using animation, photographs and commentary with occasional puns and jokes by a primary-school--aged boy, it sets the scene of the overall impact of technology, describes why Australian farmers have always been innovative; provides a definition of technology; ...

Video

Innovation to improve underwater photography

The way light moves through water presents some challenges for underwater photographers. Watch this clip to find out how cinematographer Pawel Achtel may have solved the issues of distortion and loss of sharpness sometimes observed in underwater images. See his innovative design at work.

Video

What is Hovermap?

Hovermap is a self-contained unit that can be mounted on top of a drone to map 3D spaces and objects from above, below and all around simultaneously. What are some of the benefits of having an unmanned robot do this kind of work? Can you think of some of the applications for this technology?

Video

The intent behind designing a set that's a tent

Where could the idea of a tent as the setting for a play come from and how would it be designed for use in a theatre? What sort of lighting could be used? Who is involved in these decisions? Listen as Marg Horwell, set and costume designer, and Katie Sfetikidis, lighting designer, discuss their design work for the Malthouse ...

Video

Emergence of a dance

Do you always know how something will turn out before you begin? In creating the dance work 'Emergence' for the Sydney Dance Company, choreographer Rafael Bonachela and designer Benjamin Cisterne didn't. From interesting images they collected and discussed, both the dance and the design emerged. Bonachela created movement ...

Video

Geckos' sticky feet

Have you ever wondered what it would be like to walk up a wall like a gecko? The scientists in this video have observed and studied the properties of gecko feet to develop products that can help us in our day-to-day lives. Can you think of some other special abilities of some animals that we could study and possibly replicate ...

Video

What is a technology usability specialist?

Have you ever thought about what goes in to making technology products easy to use? Meet Oliver Weidlich, whose job it is to test the experiences of technology users and make suggestions to tech companies on improvements. Why is usability important? Who is it important for? What are some of the activities that usability ...

Video

Spawning dams, not fish, on the Mekong?

The Mekong is the largest freshwater fishery in the world; however, this may be about to change. Discover in this 2010 clip how migration of fish species along the lower Mekong may be impeded by the proposed construction of dams along this mighty river. Do the economic benefits of the dam outweigh the potential loss of ...

Video

What are modular farms?

Modular farms are flexible and self-contained systems that allow you to grow herbs and vegetables without the need for soil or sunlight. What are some advantages of modular farms? What may be some of the disadvantages?

Video

Polar bear survival

Do you know what is threatening the survival of the world's largest land carnivore? Watch this clip of a polar bear as it moves across the Arctic ice, and find out about what is happening in its icy world. The World Wildlife Fund's Margaret Williams explains the feeding habits and adaptations of the polar bear, and identifies ...

Video

Forensics track drugs back to their origin

Scientists are helping police to identify the place of origin of illicit drugs that arrive on Australian shores. Watch this clip to find out how scientific analysis, computer databases and police investigation are used together to determine the source of drugs such as cocaine. Discover that international efforts are involved ...

Video

Growing avocados

Demand for certain kinds of food changes with time as people's tastes change. Avocados were not always popular, but in recent years their popularity has increased so much that supply cannot keep up with demand. Learn how stem cell scientists at the University of Queensland are leading the way in research that could cut ...

Video

Engineering clean rivers

Figuring out how to clean up contaminated rivers is a big challenge. It's also tricky to work out where the most contaminated parts of a river system are and whether its fish are safe to eat. Watch this video and learn how engineering has helped to solve these problems. Why do you think engineers looked to the bottom of ...

Video

Making games with Benjamin

Find out why teenage game-maker Benjamin started coding. What is his advice for new game-makers? Why is Benjamin excited about the possibilities that virtual reality (VR) offers for gaming? If you don't know much about VR do some research online. Think about how it will change the playing and creation of games.

Video

Considering augmented reality technologies

What do you know about augmented reality (AR)? In this clip, Tony Jones speaks with inventor and entrepreneur Ralph Osterhout about worn technology and an augmented reality future. What are some of the examples Ralph gives of the ways AR technologies will be used in the future? Do further research to find out how this kind ...

Video

Bubble engineering

Have you ever looked really closely at how bubbles stack together? Watch this video to find out why buildings that replicate the structure of stacked bubbles may be stronger and use less space.

Video

Going to school on sardines

Why might scientists research sardines by sampling schools of these pelagic fish? In this clip, find out about the links between knowing reproduction rates of sardines, their population numbers and sustainable fishing.

Video

Electric cars in Australia

Did you know that electric cars have been around for 100 years? Why have they only recently become more popular? What are some of the benefits of electric cars? Do some research and find out how many recharging stations there are in Australia for electric cars. Where are they located?