Design and technologies / Year 7 and 8 / Design and Technologies Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Investigate the ways in which products, services and environments evolve locally, regionally and globally and how competing factors including social, ethical and sustainability considerations are prioritised in the development of technologies and designed solutions for preferred futures (ACTDEK029)

Elaborations
  • considering factors that influence the selection of appropriate materials, components, tools and equipment, for example Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples’ sustainable practices, custodianship and connection to Country
  • investigating how ethics, social values, profitability and sustainability considerations impact on design and technologies, for example animal welfare, intellectual property, off-shore manufacturing in Asia
  • critiquing competing factors that influence the design of services, for example a natural disaster warning system for a community
  • considering the rights and responsibilities of those working in design and technologies occupations, for example consideration of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander protocols
  • investigating traditional and contemporary design and technologies, including from Asia, and predicting how they might change in the future in response to factors such as social change and the need for more sustainable patterns of living
  • identifying needs and new opportunities for design and enterprise, for example promotion and marketing of designed solutions
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Human impact,  Ethics,  Designers,  Futures education,  Energy efficient design

Teacher resource

Did Thomas Edison steal the idea for electric light globes?

This is a resource that uses the topic of the invention of the electric light globe, to explore intellectual property, in particular patents. The resource has a focus on the historical story behind the invention and questions if Thomas Edison was the true inventor. Topics explored include: how the electric light globe works; ...

Teacher resource

Adaptive device design

This activity explores the engineering process behind the development of adaptive devices that serve to help individuals with a wide range of physical challenges adapt to the world and participate fully in society. Students learn about the engineering process to solve problems, and work in teams to improve the design of ...

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Growing exotic fruit - a niche market enterprise

This is a video(3:15 min) about John and Lyndall Piccone’s exotic fruit orchard at Tyagarah in New South Wales. The resource describes how the property produces more than 200 different tropical and sub-tropical fruits with the harvest beginning in early spring. Successive harvests serve to maintain customer interest in ...

Teacher resource

Control: far afield - lesson plan

This is a plan for a lesson that encourages discussion about human alteration of plants, the importance of agricultural biodiversity, the problems associated with monoculture and the different approaches to pest control including the use of genetic engineering in food production. Topics include the origin and development ...

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Low impact sustainable agriculture

This is a video (4:15 min) about how the Stewart family is regenerating their family farm, Yan Yan Gurt West, in south-western Victoria. Presented by family members, the resource describes how the land was over-cleared in the past and its hydrology or water resources were compromised when swamps were drained. The regeneration ...

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Teaching robotics with Shirleen Sharma

What is Robogals? Meet Shirleen, a student at University of New South Wales and Robogals training manager. She introduces Robogals, a global organisation that aims to get more girls into STEM careers.

Teacher resource

Breeding a sustainable future

This is a unit of work that focuses on improvements in livestock and crop production brought about by agricultural practice, scientific research and technology. The unit is organised around six learning experiences that include investigating how agricultural products have developed over time; identifying the role of technology ...

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Teaching robotics with Bronwyn Moreton (part 1)

How did Bronwyn from Asquith Girls High get interested in robots and robotics? Bronwyn introduces the school robotics club, tells us about Robocup and embedding robotics in the Australian Curriculum maths, science, and technologies learning areas.

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Teaching robotics with Bronwyn Moreton (part 2)

Want to take robots and robotics further? Bronwyn from Asquith Girls High tells us about Robocup and bringing Robogals UNSW students into her school. She also explains how robots are a brilliant way to explore computational thinking, flowcharts, pseudocode and programming.

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Biodiversity and farming for a healthy planet

This is a digital resource containing information and resources, such as printable games, that relate to biodiversity and farming, and how food and materials can be produced while protecting the Earth's natural resources. It includes an extensive glossary of important terms, and external links to teacher and student resources ...

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International year of natural fibres

This is a digital resource containing information, videos and images that highlight natural fibres. It looks at the uses of a range of plant and animal fibres such as flax, jute, silk and cashmere, and considers characteristics, production and sustainability. The resource profiles 15 of the world's major fibres, and contains ...

Teacher resource

Seasonal Cycles in Australia

This is a unit of work that focuses on seasonal cycles in Australia. Students explore how seasons vary based on location and how Indigenous cultures from different parts of Australia have systems and names for the seasons based on observation of the environment. Students also make comparisons with the concept of four seasons ...

Teacher resource

Australian inventions timeline

This is a resource that uses the topic of Australian inventions and innovations to explore trade marks, patents and registered design. The resource includes learning activities that examine significant Australian inventions and innovations, the impact that these inventions and innovations have had on the development of ...

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Choice: food warnings and safety

This is a web page providing reviews of various food products, packaging and production in terms of food safety including food hygiene, genetically modified food, pesticides and food additives. It covers Bisphenol A (BPA) in canned foods, pesticides in vegetables, plastic and plasticiser contamination in food, food additives ...

Teacher resource

Game changers and change makers: resource book of ideas for National Science Week 2018

This resource book includes ideas to support students’ involvement in investigating, exploring, experimenting, designing, creating and communicating their understandings about game changers and change makers from the past who have solved some of the seemingly unsolvable problems, to game changers and change makers of today, ...

Teacher resource

Balloon car challenge

In this practical activity, students design and build a balloon-powered car and race it to better understand the ideas related to rocket propulsion. The resource includes a step-by-step teacher guide and student worksheets.

Interactive Resource

Wing loading

Wing loading is a measurement that relates the mass of an aircraft or bird to the total wing area. This resource provides an interactive for students to compare flight capabilities of planes with birds, matching those that are the most similar.

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PDplus Sustainable vehicles

This is a website about sustainable vehicles. It focuses on the science and technology involved in this innovation and the main challenges associated with bringing sustainable vehicles into everyday use. The resource includes: informative text; two videos titled Are sustainable vehicles a possibility? What is the World ...

Teacher resource

Kites

In this practical activity, students will learn about types of kites, some kite history and how kites fly before making and flying a kite themselves. The activity includes a teacher guide and student worksheet.

Interactive Resource

Sustainable seafood guide: app for iPad

This app provides an assessment of the sustainability of a wide range of seafood species commonly consumed in Australia. It includes information about farming and fishing techniques, issues relating to ecosystems and endangered species, and a ranking system for canned tuna. This app contains two guides: Sustainable seafood ...